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joining atmospheres

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Book Chapter

By Roy E. Beal
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... being joined. Atmosphere protection of the dip soldering pot is necessary when the filler metal has oxidation tendencies. Surface oxides on the workpieces must be removed prior to dip soldering, because they can interfere with a proper joining operation. Applications Dip soldering is used in job...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... in a suitable atmosphere and by maintaining pressure and temperature until the parts are joined. The processes that occur on the surfaces to be joined can be categorized by three stages. Primary Bonding In this first stage, the surface layers of the pieces being welded are prepared to accept...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This guide rates the compatibility of dissimilar structural materials joined together for service in seawater, marine atmosphere, or industrial atmosphere. It contains a table that indicates the material code and most generally effective surface treatment typically used to reduce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... filler metals are not resistant to sulfur-containing atmospheres. Copper-phosphorus and copper-silver-phosphorus brazing filler metals are recommended only for copper and copper alloys without nickel, because brittle phosphide can form when nickel is present. Silver alloy (BAg) filler metals can join...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... atmosphere. Types of Base Metals that Can Be Joined by Soldering or Brazing Fortunately, most of the common metals used in industry can either be soldered or brazed or both. Many are suitable for brazing with dissimilar metals. Copper can be both soldered and brazed with most other base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... to be joined. It differs from welding (and is similar to soldering) in that the workpieces themselves are not melted. Sinter Brazing Sinter brazing is another process commonly used to join PM parts. This method allows PM fabricators to use existing sintering furnaces and atmospheres to join PM parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... considerations: Joining process characteristics (type and characteristics of heat source) Chemical composition of base metal Cleaning preparation and after-process cleaning Chemical composition of filler metal Joint protection against oxidation (flux, bath composition, protective atmospheres...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... to produce a good joint filling is influenced by factors such as heating rate, brazing environment (atmosphere or flux), thickness of parts, thermal conductivity of the metals being joined, and type of joint to be made. Large-Scale Mechanical Properties Large-scale mechanical properties of brazing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.9781627081757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of the following conditions: elevated temperatures, mechanical or thermal stresses, or corrosive atmospheres. Also described in this article are those factors that must be considered when preparing a procedure for the brazing of graphitic materials. However, because the interest in joining graphite is not nearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... used low-temperature joining technique applied to a wide variety of metals. Soldering is a process generally carried out at temperatures below 450 °C (840 °F) and often is accomplished in air without a protective atmosphere. In many cases, soldering is used to join dissimilar metals or nonferrous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and deformation welding. deformation welding diffusion bonding explosion welding friction welding solid-state welding processes ultrasonic welding upset welding Diffusion Bonding DIFFUSION BONDING (DB) is only one of many solid-state joining processes wherein joining is accomplished without...
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 981 Fracture surface of a fatigue-test specimen of aluminum alloy 2024-T3, showing a portion of the region of final fast fracture. Stress-intensity range (Δ K ) was 21 MPa m (19 ksi in. ); the stress was applied in an argon atmosphere at room temperature at a frequency More
Book Chapter

By J.F. Libsch
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... fixturing induction brazing induction brazing equipment induction heating solid-state induction generators thermal expansion INDUCTION BRAZING (IB) is a process that joins metal components to form an assembly by selectively heating the joint area to the brazing temperature with electrical energy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and titanium alloys. cast irons dip brazing filler metals furnace brazing induction brazing nonferrous metals resistance brazing stainless steels steels torch brazing Selection of Brazing Processes and Filler Metals BRAZING comprises a group of joining processes in which coalescence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Furnace brazing is a mass production process for joining the components of small assemblies with a metallurgical bond, using a nonferrous filler metal as the bonding material and a furnace as the heat source. This article presents the advantages and limitations of the furnace brazing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Many applications of ceramics and glasses require them to be joined to each other or to other materials such as metals. This article focuses on ceramic joining technologies, including glass-metal sealing, glass-ceramic/metal joining, ceramic-metal joining, ceramic-ceramic joining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001446
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., high-strength steels, stainless steels, and aluminum-base alloys. The article provides a discussion on dissimilar metal combinations, such as ferrous-to-ferrous combinations, nonferrous-to-nonferrous combinations, ferrous-to-nonferrous combinations, and metal-ceramic joining. aluminum-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of protective atmosphere or flux that is used. These choices must be compatible with the intended performance of the brazed item. Applicability Brazing is often used to join stainless steels to a variety of dissimilar metals, such as carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and copper alloys, in combinations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Forge welding is a solid-state joining process in which the workpieces are heated to the welding temperature and then sufficient blows or force are applied to cause permanent deformation and bonding at the faying surfaces. Coextrusion welding is a solid-state process that produces...