1-20 of 86 Search Results for

jet stream

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., typically filtered and conditioned water, at pressures up to 410 MPa (60 ksi). The fluid is filtered to 0.5μm (20μin.) and pumped in relatively low volumes, typically 4 to 8 L/min (1 to 2 gal/min). The high-pressure fluid is expelled through an orifice to form a jet stream. Orifices are typically made of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... flame spraying, plasma-arc flame spraying, detonation gun spraying, pack cementation, fluidized-bed deposition, vapor streaming, troweling, and electrophoresis. The article also includes information on the evaluation of the quality of ceramic coatings...
Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Shot peening is a method of cold working in which compressive stresses are induced in the exposed surface layers of metallic parts by the impingement of a stream of shot, directed at the metal surface at high velocity under controlled conditions. This article focuses on the major...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the jet stream causes a slight rise in temperature, which may melt some types of plastics at low traverse rates, but the temperature is not high enough to be a concern for paper-type materials. Tendency to delaminate layers of composite materials during cutting can be eliminated by reducing the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... jetting stream. By contrast, vertical bottom gates, in which gravity assists both the filling of the gates and the slowing of the melt as the gates prime, work well. They work even better if expanded along their length (i.e., expanded in area with increasing height) ( Ref 1 ). It is not so much a luxury...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... closed boiler heated at the bottom is forced upward inside the boiler. The vapor passes quickly through a narrow circumferential opening in the nozzles at a downward angle. Molecules of gas that stray from the vacuum chamber above the pump toward the vapor jet streaming from the nozzles encounter the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... include, but are not limited to: It is important that the gas volume measured by the instrument is representative of the desired sample, or that the relationship is understood. Sampling bias can be an advantage or disadvantage. The complexity of the sample must be considered. A complex gas stream...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... controlled chemical reactions to remove preheated metal by rapid oxidation in a stream of pure oxygen. A fuel gas/oxygen flame heats the workpiece to ignition temperature, and a stream of pure oxygen feeds the cutting (oxidizing) action. The OFC process, which is also referred to as burning or flame cutting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... vapor passes quickly at a downward angle through narrow, circumferential openings in the nozzles. As molecules of gas stray from the vacuum chamber above the pump and move toward the vapor jet streaming from the nozzles, they encounter the downward-directed stream of heavy molecules. The overall effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (by nozzle design), impingement angle of the stream to the surface, duration of exposure, temperature of the specimen and/or jet Particle velocity or flux distribution, density of particles, particle shape description, particle size distribution, particle composition Cavitation erosion Test...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... However, during the melting process, the cupola emits considerable amounts of smoke and particulate matter. Known as emissions, this waste gas stream is now cleaned to meet the highest environmental standards, but this has required much engineering effort and considerable expense. With environmental laws...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to achieve circulation or metal movement include manual stirring, mechanical pumps, electromagnetic pumps, induction stirrers, porous plugs, jet pumps, and towmotor/boom agitation (see the section “Molten Aluminum Circulation Methods” in this article). Manual stirring is only practical in smaller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... manufacturing methods for plain elemental iron powders. Fig. 1 Manufacturing methods for elemental iron powder. Source: Ref 1 The atomized iron powder is produced with a disintegrating molten iron stream into fine droplets by high-velocity water jets so that it has a solid and irregular particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Abrasive blast cleaning began commercially with air or steam directed through a conduit of pipe or hose with a final nozzle to direct the impacting abrasive stream. Both pressure blast and suction blast nozzle systems require high power to generate the compressed air or pressurized steam that is used to...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... flooding over the surface film If the liquid metal is allowed to either fall or spread horizontally, the unstable propagation of the front in the form of jets or streams bounded by an oxide flow tube leads to a situation where the oxide flow tube grows to a considerable thickness and is finally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., including arrays of crystals on fixed sample holders ( Ref 37 – 43 ) or hundreds to thousands of micro- or nanocrystals introduced to the synchrotron beam via a jet stream of liquid or gas ( Ref 44 – 46 ). The latter also is called serial millisecond crystallography, which has been revived in part by the...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... processes: (c) powder injection and (d) wire feeding. Vacuum processes: (e) stream degassing, (f ) Ruhrstahl-Heraeus degassing, and (g) Dortmund-Horder-Huttenunion degassing. Heating processes: (h) Vacuum oxygen decarburization process, (i) vacuum arc degassing process, and (j) ladle furnace process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., an interface is necessary. When the molecules leave the GC column, they enter an ionization chamber. This article focuses primarily on electron ionization, where the molecules are bombarded in the ionization chamber with a stream of energetic electrons, which ionize and fragment some of the molecules...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... composition of the charge materials used. The generation of metal droplets due to the impact of the jet on the metal surface and the evolution of metal and slag composition during the progress of a blow, as well as the kinetics of gas-metal-slag interactions, are important process characteristics which...