1-20 of 425 Search Results for

isotropic material

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Composites are complex engineered materials that often behave differently than common isotropic materials. Before testing a composite material, or before ordering or supervising such testing, the responsible party should review certain considerations. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract This article presents formulas for calculating the following: effective stress, strain, and strain rate (isotropic material) in arbitrary coordinates and in principal coordinates; compression testing, tension testing, and torsion testing of isotropic material; and Barlat's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... of isotropic materials are included. The article also lists the formulas for effective stress, strain, and strain rate (isotropic material) in arbitrary and principal coordinates; dimensionless groups in fluid mechanics; and anisotropic sheet materials at various loading conditions. bending casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Effective stress, strain, and strain rate (isotropic material) in arbitrary coordinates Table 1 Effective stress, strain, and strain rate (isotropic material) in arbitrary coordinates Variable or quantity Symbol or equation Stress tensor components σ ij Strain increment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Amenable to Analysis by Thermoelastic Stress Analysis Isotropic Materials Orthotropic Materials Qualitative Applications for Thermoelastic Stress Analysis Fracture Mechanics Microbolometer Fundamentals Example 1—Fatigue Testing of Aluminum Open Hole Specimen Hardware Lock-In Analyzers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... damage tolerance delamination material degradation compression loading fatigue life bearing failure fatigue damage life prediction model quasi-isotropic laminate tension-compression fatigue loading shear stress interlaminar stress fatigue model mechanistic model phenomenological model...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., there is no preferred direction in the transverse x 2 x 3 plane, which implies that the UDC is statistically transversely isotropic. Experimental determination of the properties of homogeneous materials is based on induction of homogeneous states of stress and strain in suitable specimens. The mathematical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... in Fig. 1296 , 1297 , 1298 , and 1299 , the fibers run perpendicular to the loading direction and thus parallel to the failure surface. Unlike homogenous, isotropic materials, composite failure surfaces are quite complex and will show a variety of different features in different locations. Transverse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of Sandwich Structures of Isotropic and Composite Materials , Technomic Pub. , 1999 12. Hoff N.J. and Mautner S.E. , Buckling of Sandwich Type Panels , J. Aeronaut. Sci. , Vol 12 ( No. 3 ), 1945 , p 285 – 297 13. Wittrick W.H. and Williams F.W. , Buckling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to cost. Another area in which automotive design with PMCs has great emphasis is in the use of CAE. As previously stated, CAE models are used extensively for designing with linear, elastic, homogeneous, and isotropic materials, such as most metal materials. These computer tools are valuable in design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... materials Fig. 27 Relation between stress-concentration factors observed at failure of fiber-reinforced composite laminates and predicted for perfectly elastic isotropic materials Fig. 28 Stress-concentration relief at bolt holes in composite laminates Fig. 29 Effect of bolt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...), or sandwich beams with composite faces. Beam technology, in general, is well documented. Simple sandwich beams are discussed in Ref 6 and 7 . Testing composite and sandwich beam elements differs from testing isotropic material (metal) beam elements in that shear stresses (or strains) and deformations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... yield stress of an isotropic fcc aggregate in terms of the critical resolved shear stress k failed to satisfy the strain compatibility requirements among grains for plastic deformation of an isotropic material deformed in uniaxial tension. These isostrain uniaxial tension requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of these fractography concepts. Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture At homologous temperatures low enough that creep deformation does not contribute to strain prior to or accompanying crack propagation ( T H < ~0.4 T M ), the mechanism of permanent deformation in metallic materials is by slip...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... geometric factors and materials aspects that influence the stress-strain behavior and fracture of ductile metals. It highlights fractures arising from manufacturing imperfections and stress raisers. The article presents a root cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of the fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Fig. 2 Extensional-shear coupling Fig. 1 Coordinate systems; 1, 2, principal material coordinates; x , y , laminate or arbitrary coordinates Fig. 3 Variation of E x with angle of rotation and G 12 for typical graphite-epoxy materials Fig. 41 Experimental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of loads while minimizing weight. This is an iterative process even for isotropic materials and is made more difficult by the large number of design variables available to the composites engineer. Some laminate and structural programs have tools to aid in the optimization process. In the simplest case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , Technomic , 1987 5. Vinson J.R. , The Behavior of Sandwich Structures of Isotropic and Composite Materials , Technomic , 1999 6. Tenek L.T. and Argyris J. , Finite Element Analysis of Composite Structures , Kluwer , 1998 10.1007/978-94-015-9044-0 7. Reddy...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and behave isotropically (i.e., their properties are independent of direction). The three elementary types of strain for isotropic materials are simple tension, simple shear, and uniform (hydrostatic) compression. The elastic behavior for these cases is defined by coefficients: Young's modulus E (tension...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., that is, reduction in thickness. Yielding in a two-to-one biaxial stress field (cylinder loading) will occur at 1.15 times the uniaxial yield strength for isotropic material, while strengths up to 1.6 times the yield strength can occur in anisotropic material. Titanium mill products are not, of course, single...