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isothermal transformation

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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 58 Typical isothermal transformation (IT) or time-temperature transformation diagram for a carbon steel. Source: Ref 126 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 18 Continuous transformation and isothermal transformation for steel containing nominally 0.4% C, 1.0% Cr, and 0.2% Mo. Several cooling rates are related to positions and hardness on a Jominy end-quench specimen. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 3 Cooling curves superimposed on the hypothetical isothermal transformation diagram. CCR, critical cooling rate. HRC, Rockwell C Hardness Source: Ref 101 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 28 Effects of nickel and carbon on isothermal transformation of selected nickel-molybdenum steels. (a) 4640, (b) 4615, and (c) 4815 steels. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 33 Isothermal transformation diagrams of (a) 5140, (b) 5160, and (c) 52100 steels. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 39 Effect of silicon on isothermal transformation of medium-carbon steel. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 10 Lower bainite generated by isothermal transformation of 52100 at 230 °C (445 °F) for 10 h. Reprinted with permission from Carl Hanser Verlag, Muenchen. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 1 W1: Isothermal transformation diagram, composition: 1.14 C, 0.22 Mn, 0.61 Si. Austenitized at 790 °C (1455 °F). Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 1 Isothermal transformation of 9Ni-4Co alloy (HP 9-4-20). Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 17 Isothermal transformation diagrams of two cast irons after austenitizing at 845 °C (1550 °F) for 20 min. (a) Unalloyed cast iron with total carbon (TC) of 3.63 wt%, combined carbon (CC) 0.71 wt%, and 1.75 Si, 0.53 Mn, 0.1 S, 0.56 P. (b) Nickel cast iron with composition (in wt%) of 3.6 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 18 Effect of isothermal transformation temperature on hardness of austempered gray irons. Holding times were sufficient to complete transformation. More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 3 Isothermal transformation diagrams of 0.89% C steel (0.29 Mn). Austenitized at 885 °C (1625 °F); grain size ASTM 4 to 5. Source: Ref 10 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 4 Effect of carbon on isothermal transformation. (a) 1060 steel (0.63 C and 0.87 Mn) austenitized at 815 °C (1500 °F) with grain size of 5–6. (b) 1080 steel with 0.79 C and slightly lower manganese (0.76 Mn) austenitized at 885 °C (1625 °F) with grain size of 4–5. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 5 Effect of manganese on isothermal transformation. (a) 1050 steel (0.50 C and 0.91 Mn) austenitized at 910 °C (1670 °F) with grain size of 7–8. (b) 1055 steel with 0.54 C and lower manganese (0.46 Mn) austenitized at 910 °C (1670 °F) with grain size of 7–8. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 8 Portion of the isothermal transformation diagram for plain carbon eutectoid steel and a constant cooling rate of 28 °C/s (50 °F/s) plotted from Ae 1 temperature. This illustrates steps involved in relating transformation on cooling to the isothermal temperature. More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 10 Isothermal transformation curves for SAE 4340 after austenitizing at 845 °C (1550 °F). Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 1 Isothermal transformation diagram for AISI 4340 steel. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 2 Isothermal transformation diagram for AISI 8620 steel. * indicates estimated temperature. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 8 Isothermal transformation diagram for type 410 stainless steel (12Cr-0.1C) austenitized at 980 °C (1800 °F), with grain size of 6 to 7. A, austenite; F, ferrite; C, carbide; M, martensite; B, bainite; P, pearlite. Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 10 Isothermal transformation diagram for type 410 stainless steel More