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iron-base overlays

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hardfacing is defined as the application of a wear-resistant material, in depth, to the vulnerable surfaces of a component by a weld overlay or thermal spray process Hardfacing materials include a wide variety of alloys, carbides, and combinations of these materials. Iron-base...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... … Thin, hard, brittle Steel base metal Iron … 1510 2750 Cubic 150–175 … Fig. 1 Typical hot-dip galvanized coating. Note the gradual transition from layer to layer, which results in a strong bond between base metal and coating. The complex structure of layers that comprise a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are properly lubricated also minimize voltage drops in air. Commercial materials for electrical contacts are divided into two categories based on their manufacturing methods: (a) wrought materials, which include both pure metals and alloys and (b) composite materials, which include powder...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... composition of the following types of bearing materials: tin-base alloys, lead-base alloys, copper-base alloys, and aluminum-base alloys. It also briefly discusses the following types of bearing materials: zinc-base alloys, silver-base alloys, gray cast irons, cemented carbides, and nonmetallic bearing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treating must be removed before most coating processes. Cast irons are most commonly plated with chromium, nickel, copper, cadmium, and zinc. In addition, gold, lead, and rhodium are used for specialized applications. Alloy coatings, such as brass, bronze, and tin-base compositions, are used for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 0.06 3 9 0.3 0.8 0.08 N MP159 R30159 bal 19 … 7 … 9 25.5 … … 3 Ti, 0.6 Nb, 0.2 Al MP35N R30035 bal 20 … 10 … … 35 … … … bal, balance Although cobalt-base alloys are not as widely used as nickel and nickel-iron superalloys in high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Electrogalvanized steels display a smooth, uniform, and spangle-free coating and do not have an intermetallic layer. Electrogalvanized steels, and zinc-iron alloy (galvanneal) coated steels produced by thermally alloying hot-dipped zinc with iron from the base steel, are generally used in painted automotive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Note: All values are based on specified triple-spot minima. (a) ASTM specifications as given in Coated Steel Products , Vol 01.06, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM, 1993. (b) Two sides. (c) One side. Calculated from densities in g/cm 3 as follows: zinc and zinc-iron, 7.07; aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... different outside coating systems, including alkyd systems (hardly used today because of their VOC noncompliance), organic zinc-rich polyurethane/moisture-cured aromatic polyurethane systems (containing micaceous iron oxide), a modified acrylic emulsion or water-based acrylic system, a zinc-rich primer and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...) . Table 1a Compositions of various wear-resistant cobalt-base alloys Alloy tradename (a) UNS No. Nominal composition, wt% Co Cr W Mo C Fe Ni Si Mn Others Cast, powder metallurgy(PM), and weld overlay wear-resistant alloys Stellite 1 R30001 bal 30 13 0.5 2.5 3 1.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and good thermal properties, but they are corrosive to common alloys used in vessels, heat exchangers, and piping at these elevated temperatures ( Ref 78 ). Chromium does not improve corrosion resistance of iron- and nickel-base alloys, because chromia has a higher solubility than iron and nickel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... corrected if needed. In many cases, iron tends to be the single element that limits the use of cobalt-base foundry revert or select materials and comes from several sources. First, raw cobalt may contain some iron. Second, machining chips routinely contain iron-base contaminants, usually stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... lengthen their service lives. However, as a cost reduction measure, iron-base alloys have largely replaced cobalt alloys on the engine valves, except in certain high-performance engines where alloy F (UNS R30002), a cobalt alloy containing 22% Ni, is still used. In diesel engines, where the environment is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 21+15% TiC) have good corrosion resistance in power plants fired with coal but are subject to erosion-corrosion in biomass-fired plants. Iron-base coatings (Fe12.4Cr0.6Ni0.4Mn0.5Si0.36C) have good corrosion resistance in power plants fired with coal but are subject to corrosion in biomass-fired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Fig. 4 Atmospheric: dewpoint, soils Fig. 16 , Fig. 18 , Fig. 22 Iron Painted wrought iron Crevice Fig. 21 Painted cast iron Atmospheric Fig. 20 Gray cast iron Graphitic Fig. 49 , Fig. 50 Stainless steel Type 303/304 Pitting Fig. 31 , Fig. 32 Type 304...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... include white cast iron (standard gray or ductile cast irons have poor resistance), high-chromium (that is, 13 to 28%) alloy steel, cobalt-base superalloys such as Stellite, and special nickel-base alloys such as Ni-Hard. These materials are useful not only for the flow-path surfaces but also as sleeves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article reviews the various substrates for coatings, namely, steel, cast iron, galvanized steel, aluminum, stainless steel, nonferrous metals, concrete, and wood. General guidance for surface preparation and coating selection is provided along with unique requirements for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... carbides. Other secondary phases also have value in controlling grain and properties. For example, the δ and η phases are useful (along with γ′) in control of structure of wrought iron-nickel- and nickel-base superalloys, as described further in the article “Heat Treatment of Wrought Nickel Alloys” in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... than stainless) 4,101 5.0 3,917 5.0 (a) Thousands of net tons. Source: American Iron and Steel Institute Following a brief review of the classification of steels, this article will review the following: Cleaning methods Finishing methods Conversion coatings Hot dip...