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iron extrusion

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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 1 Displacement of metal in cold extrusion. (a) Forward extrusion. (b) Backward extrusion. (c) Combined backward and forward extrusion. (d) Lateral extrusion. (e) Hooker extrusion. (f) Ironing More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... practice of the process. The article concludes with a discussion on the superplastic behavior in iron-base alloys. blow forming deep drawing dieless drawing diffusion bonding extrusion forging fracture behavior internal cavitation iron-base alloys plastic flow quick plastic forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... provides information on metal-matrix composites and cemented carbides. The three base-alloying concepts, including cobalt-, iron-, and nickel-base alloys used for wear-protection applications, are also described. The article compares the tribomechanical properties of the materials in a qualitative manner...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and sintering prealloyed stainless powders. High-density materials are produced by hot isostatic pressing, cold isostatic pressing followed by extrusion, or metal injection molding. The comparison of mechanical properties of these P/M stainless steels is represented graphically. The article contains a table...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The resulting brittle iron aluminide is very brittle and causes tears in the surface of the extrusions; such tearing includes hot shortness at high temperatures as well as ductility-related tearing at lower temperatures and speeds ( Ref 1 ). The use of surface lubricants and conical dies minimizes the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... a weld by heating two or more workpieces to the welding temperature and forcing them through an extrusion die. This article illustrates typical joint configurations used for manual and automatic forge welding applications. It provides information on the common metals welded by coextrusion welding...
Image
Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 20 (a) Forward tube extrusion of transition joints. (b) Encapsulation by ironing. Source: Ref 16 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are iron, chromium, titanium, zirconium, lithium, and nickel. These are frequently included to improve mechanical and other physical properties. The effects of each of the five major alloying elements are discussed briefly. Some aluminum alloys are binary, while others are multiconstituent, containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... extrusion, incremental forging, and microforming. The article describes the thermomechanical processing of nickel- and titanium-base alloys and concludes with information on the advancements in process simulation. accuracy incremental forging metal forming metal products metal working...
Book Chapter

By Niels Bay
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... extrusion of transition joints. (b) Encapsulation by ironing. Source: Ref 16 Fig. 21 (a) and (b) Extruded groove and tongue for shear welding. (c) Assembled joint. (d) Sandwich constructions assembled by shear welding of extruded aluminum profiles. (e) Air cooler. Courtesy of Honsel. Source: Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... not have good lubricity. Brass and hard copper alloys are therefore often extruded using glass lubrication. For titanium, refractory metals, and iron- and nickel-base alloy extrusion, the lubrication is either graphite in oil or fat (for short pieces) or glass ( Ref 16 ). The glass lubricant is usually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...+SP Ironing and open-die extrusion Light Ph+Mi+EP+FA Severe Ph+SP Extrusion Light Ph+Mi+EP+FA Severe Ph+SP Ph+MoS 2 Ph+MoS 2 +SP Mi, Mineral oil; EP, Extreme pressure additives; FA, Fatty additive; SP, Soap; Ph, Phosphate coating. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 2 Pretreatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article begins with a general review of the effects of changes in stress state on processing of materials. It describes the fundamentals of hydrostatic extrusion and reviews the various issues and benefits associated with hydrostatic extrusion. The article discusses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (c) 3,630 3.5% Total nonstructural 77,800 76% Total all uses 102,000 100% (a) Data are rounded to three significant digits; may not add to totals shown. (b) Includes extrusions, sheet and plate, and forgings. (c) Includes nodular iron, scavenger, deoxidizer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ). Although not strictly a compressive forming operation, draw wiping or ironing is also commonly used as a cold extrusion process. In ironing, the wall thickness of a tubular billet is reduced by forcing it under tension (and or compression) through a die similar to a forward extrusion die ( Fig. 1f...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Alloy 6463 is a soft extrusion alloy that meets special needs in applications where a bright anodized finish is required. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties, and fabrication characteristics of this 6xxx...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article focuses on direct extrusion processing where metal powders undergo plastic deformation, usually at an elevated temperature, to produce a densified and elongated form having structural integrity. It provides information on the basic powder extrusion processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and filler material components help to attain shorter throughput times. Extrusion and drawing problems tend to multiply as coating thickness and the amount of metal powders added to the coating are increased. As an example, extrusion pressure is influenced greatly by the physical properties of iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... for extruded aerospace products. Extremely low iron and silicon limits compared with alloy 2224 contributed to improved fracture toughness, and the zirconium addition helped reduce the tendency of the product to recrystallize during SHT. Yield strengths of alloy 2026-T3511 extrusions are ~10% higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... for the composition, properties of these alloys, including compressive strength, bearing strength, shear strength, hardness, wear resistance, and fatigue strength. The article describes the selection of product forms (castings, extrusions, forgings) for structural applications which is based on mechanical property...