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ion-selective membrane electrode

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract Potentiometric membrane electrodes are electrochemical devices that can be used to quantify numerous ionic and nonionic species. This class of electrochemical sensors can be divided into ion-selective and gas-sensing membrane electrodes. The first half of this article mainly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... 1.9156 2.4626 0.2767 1.9142 2.6911 0.3024 1.9143 Source: Ref 18 Fig. 8 Typical internal electrolysis cell Fig. 27 Types of ion-selective membrane electrodes. (a) Glass membrane electrode. (b) Polymer membrane electrode. (c) Solid crystalline (pressed pellet or single...
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... differences of the fuel-cell types PEFC AFC PAFC MCFC SOFC Electrolyte Ion-exchange membranes Mobilized or immobilized potassium hydroxide Immobilized liquid phosphoric acid Immobilized liquid molten carbonate Ceramic Operating temperature °C (°F) 80 (175) 65–220 (150–430) 205 (400...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... ion chromatography analytes Table 2 Preferred electrode material for electrochemical detection of select ion chromatography analytes Ion Detection electrode Cyanide Silver Sulfide Silver Chloride Silver Bromide Silver Iodide Silver Arsenite Platinum Sulfite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to minimize localized corrosion (galvanic cell formation) and the release of metal ions that can contaminate the electrolyte membrane and poison the electrode catalysts. Molten carbonate fuel cells operate in the 600 to 750 °C (1110 to 1380 °F) temperature range and use a variety of fuels, ranging from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... reference electrode can be combined with other electrodes to measure oxide ion activity, see Ref 5 . In selecting these materials, the range of temperatures and gas phase composition over which the material is an ionic conductor must be considered. If a substantial fraction of the conductivity...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., and the further reduction in volume results in sharper peaks with better resolution. The membranes also have a much larger ion exchange capacity, which provides more range in the selection of eluent strength. Figure 4 shows typical eluent-suppressed ion chromatograms. The sensitivity of ion chromatography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... a separator, which is an inert porous insulating medium or an ion-selective permeable membrane that permits the movement of ions between the electrodes while physically separating the electrodes. There are a number of galvanic cells that could be classified as batteries; however, the ones listed in Table 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...List of selected polyatomic interferences and required mass resolution to separate the isotope of interest from the interfering polyatomic ions Table 1 List of selected polyatomic interferences and required mass resolution to separate the isotope of interest from the interfering polyatomic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... , Kolthoff , Elving , and Sandell , Ed., Wiley-lnterscience , 1963 , p 2417 – 2473 Ability of Metals to Adhere to the Cathode Temperature Rate of Flow of Ions Overview Introduction Electrogravimetry Principles Selection of Method Instrumentation Types of Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of plasma surface cleaning in improving adhesion have been published ( Ref 1 , 24 , 26 ). Once the contaminants have been removed, the virgin polymer surface is exposed to the plasma environment. The electrons, ions, and free radicals in the plasma act on this exposed polymer, creating free radicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Sample Charging X-Ray Source Analyzers Vacuum Systems Charge Neutralizers Ion Guns Accessories Lithium Battery Electrode Analysis Fuel Cell Membrane Characterization Contamination Identification on Polymer Surfaces X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Evaluation of Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... In this example, the cell contains copper and zinc electrodes in equilibrium, with their ions separated by a porous membrane to mitigate mixing. For purposes of simplicity, the concentration of metal ions is maintained at unit activity; that is, each solution contains approximately 1 mole of metal ion per liter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... tanks, less than 20 m (66 ft), as long as the anodes are installed above a secondary containment membrane. Sulfide ion in the soil can indicate the presence of anaerobic bacteria which can greatly accelerate the rate of corrosion. Corrosion rates in excess of 4 mm/yr (0.16 in./yr) have been measured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 10.1080/00202967.1986.11870754 28. Polunina I.A. and Falicheva A.J. , Nichrome Soluble Anode for Electrodeposition of Nickel-Chromium Alloys , Z. Metallov. , Vol 24 ( No. 2 ), 1988 , p 258 – 261 29. Ariga H. , Chromium Alloy Plating by Ion Exchange Membrane , Jpn...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., or teflon semipermeable separator or by an ion-exchange membrane. The separator is designed to minimize intermixing of the solutions in the working-electrode and counterelectrode compartments while allowing passage of the current-carrying ions. This ensures that analyte will not be lost from the working...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... by Bresle method and analyzed by conductivity. (b) Methods not included in paper. (c) Salts extracted by boiling and analyzed by selective ion electrode. (d) Salts extracted by swabbing and analyzed by conductivity Flash rusting versus surface chlorides Table 3 Flash rusting versus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and PTR are usually used for known targets. PTR instruments also use alternative reagent ions such as NO + and O 2+ to achieve reaction selectivity for particular analyte targets. General-use systems generate primarily singly charged analytes (or fragments), so the mass analyzer needs to span only...