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internal ring gears

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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 22 Pitchline runout of internal ring gears before and after heat treatment. Material = ASTM 5130M; diameter = 140 mm; height = 28 mm; 98 teeth More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 34 Powder forged internal ring gear used in automatic transmission for trucks of up to 22,700 kg (50,000 lb) gross vehicle weight. Courtesy of Precision Forged Products Division, Federal Mogul Corporation More
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 33 Powder-forged internal ring gear used in automatic transmission for trucks of up to 22,700 kg (50,000 lb) gross vehicle weight. Courtesy of Precision Forged Products Division (now GKN Sinter Metals), Borg Warner Corp. More
Image
Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 26 Sample dimensional inspection results for single-coil dual-frequency induction hardening of an internal ring gear. Courtesy of Contour Hardening, Inc. More
Book Chapter

By Volker Heuer
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... values can be predicted in industrial practices. It also discusses the improvements in distortion control with the application of gas-flow reversing and dynamic gas quenching. core hardness distortion dynamic gas quenching gas quenching high pressure gas quenching idler gears internal ring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of microstructure, distortion, residual stress, and cracking in gears, shafts, and bearing rings. bearing rings cracking distortion electrical conductivity gears heat treatment heat treatment simulation induction hardening magnetic permeability microstructure phase transformation residual stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... References References 1. Menke J. , “Executive Summary of M198 Howitzer Ring Gear Failure,” United States Army , 2003 2. Menke J. , “Failure Analysis of the Ring Gear Bearing in The M198 Howitzer,” United States Army ARDEC , presented at NACE International Regional Conference...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... By implementing this important technique, lower levels of transformation-induced distortion can result. Equipment Quenching machines initially came into widespread industrial use in the United States in the early 1930s and were used primarily in the processing of automotive ring gears for applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...-speed gears, Internal ring gears, overhung transfer gears, sprockets Overheating can burn out graphite and increase crack potential at the edges. Porosity can lead to decreased fatigue strength and crack failure. Powder metallurgy (P/M) component High-volume production of components. Typically used...
Book Chapter

By Pel Lynah
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... abrasives cylindrical surfaces balls crankshafts flat surfaces gears inner cylindrical surfaces lapping machine lapping piston rings ring lapping spherical surfaces springs LAPPING is a low-speed low-pressure abrading operation that accomplishes one or more of the following results...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... bearings, gear teeth, wheel-rail contacts, roller guides in production machinery, cam roller followers in internal combustion engines, and rolling mill rolls. It is a particularly insidious form of wear, because it is sometimes difficult to detect in its early stages. The precursor flaws may be hidden from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...) 80–90 Internal gear 3.5–20 (35–200) 0.08–12.7 (5–760) 15–41.7 (900–2500) 70–90 Screw 0.4–40 (4–400) 0.017–350 (1–21,000) 16.7–58.3 (1000–3500) 80–85 Vane 7–21 (70–210) 0.08–10 (5–600) 10–45 (600–2700) 80–95 Radial piston 7–81.5 (70–815) 0.08–12.7 (5–760) 16.7–56.7 (1000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Fig. 6 Non-encircling inductor used for heating the bearing surface of the locomotive camshaft shown in Fig. 5 . Source: Ref 1 The internal bores of cylinder liners are commonly induction hardened to minimize wear from the piston rings and improve life. The hardened depth on these liners...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... diffraction two-dimensional patterns for (a) good gear tooth and (b) bad gear tooth Both diffraction patterns in Fig. 18 show the (100) and (200) PMO diffraction rings. In Fig. 18(a) , the rings were uniform in intensity, indicating a random orientation of crystallites. In Fig. 18(b) , the rings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the quenching operation. It minimizes distortion and is used mainly during the quenching of bearing rings and automotive transmission ring gears. It is a manually intensive operation, because each gear must be manually removed from the furnace and placed on a quench fixture. The press is actuated, and a large...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in piston-cylinder conjunctions, engine bearings, and transmission and differential gearing systems. power train systems friction lubrication wear surface roughness lubricant rheology piston-cylinder conjunctions bearings gearing systems Introduction Tribology is the study of friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of the robber ring can be copper or silver, for example. Another way to achieve uniform heating along the axial length of a gear is to use magnetic flux concentrators, placed at the top and bottom of the workpiece ( Fig. 9b , 10 ) ( Ref 13 ). Fig. 10 Induction hardening arrangement for gears using flux...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Fig. 1 Ring rolling process. (a) Automotive ring gear during rolling. (b) View of a contour ring during rolling from the control room Ring height is governed either by being contained by the top and bottom of the main roll or by the use of axial rolls that simultaneously act on the top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... by drilling and reaming rather than by the use of small-diameter punches. Fig. 5 Three forgings that illustrate forged cavities produced by piercing. (a) Conventional, (b) and (c) seamless forging (cored), together with a (d) typical forging sequence for the production of ring gears. Dimensions given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... International books ( Ref 3 , 9 ) that cover heat treating of gears. The primary purpose of this article is to provide a concise, consolidated overview of gear heat treating processes, without any substantial duplication, by providing references to the relevant sections of the current and companion Handbooks...