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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on friction, lubrication, and wear of internal combustion engine parts, improvements in which provide important gains in energy efficiency, performance, and longevity of the internal combustion (IC) engine systems. It discusses the types, component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on lubricants classified as either internal combustion engine or nonengine lubricants, and the lubricant additives. The functional groups of chemically active and inert additives, as well as friction modifiers and other additives, are described in detail...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract Induction heat treatment is a common method for hardening and tempering of crankshafts, which are necessary components in almost every internal combustion engine for cars, trucks, and machinery, as well as pumps, compressors, and other devices. Similar to crankshafts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloying. Low-expansion alloys are used in various applications such as rods and tapes for geodetic surveying, moving parts that require control of expansion (such as pistons for some internal-combustion engines), bimetal strip, components for electronic devices etc. This article discusses the properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Applications requiring strength at elevated temperature 384.0 Pistons and other severe service applications; automatic transmissions 390.0 Internal combustion engine pistons, blocks, manifolds, and cylinder heads 413.0 Architectural, ornamental, marine, and food and dairy equipment applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... is of paramount concern for energy efficiency and reduced emissions (see also the preceding article, “Friction, Lubrication, and Wear of Internal Combustion Engine Parts,” in this Volume). Frictional losses in an internal combustion engine account for 15 to 20% of all its losses. The main contributor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... engine testing requirements is provided. Four major engine oil requirements for modern powertrain systems are: Increased fuel economy: This must be maintained throughout the oil-change interval Enhanced oil robustness: This applies to spark-ignited internal combustion engines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... are summarized in Table 2 . The low coefficient of thermal expansion, high hardness, and excellent wear resistance makes these alloys suitable for internal combustion engine pistons and engine blocks; and for wear-resistant components in compressors, pumps, and brakes. These alloys were developed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-base fluid compound with inhibitors; pour point, −7 °C (20 °F) Rust-retarder in tanks used for salt-water ballast MIL-L-21260  Grade 1 Lubricating oil, internal-combustion engine, preservative Engine-lubricating oil (SAE 10W) with corrosion inhibitors, including hydrobromic acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... The cooling system has several functions, but the most important is controlling the temperature of the internal combustion engine. Under load, an engine can theoretically produce enough heat to melt an average 90 kg (200 lb) engine block in 20 minutes. Even in normal driving conditions, combustion gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... by formation of a stable, slow-growing, dense oxide layer. Hot Corrosion Hot corrosion is a serious problem in power generation equipment, gas turbines, internal combustion engines, fluidized bed combustion, industrial waste incinerators, and paper and pulp industries. Hot corrosion is the accelerated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... Foremost among these is spatial resolution. Most flows of practical interest have features whose relevant spatial and temporal scales span many orders of magnitude. For example, in an automotive four-stroke-cycle spark-ignited internal-combustion engine operating at 2000 rev/min, hydrodynamic scales range...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is especially suitable for fairly complex castings with many internal passages. Cylinder blocks and cylinder heads for internal combustion engines are fairly good candidates for this process, where internal oil, water, and gas passages can be integrally cast as one piece. Typically, these complex internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to 1800 °F) and cause wear and oxidation to the cutting tips ( Ref 7 ). Other applications faced with wear- corrosion problems include: steam turbines, gas turbines, sliding electric contacts, internal combustion engines (cylinder liners, piston rings, valve seats, and valves), compressors, furnace parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... Technol. Assoc. , Vol 44 ( No. 12 ), 2009 , p 451 – 460 20. Yoon S.H. , Proc. 2007 International Thermal Spray Conference , 2007 , p 7 – 12 The majority of this article discusses engine parts that are thermally sprayed and the benefits that are achieved by using thermal spray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Operation of internal combustion engines Prohibited Use of motors and equipment that spray or throw lubricants Prohibited Generation of nonvolatile residue Controlled Compressed gas use Controlled Cardboard Limited Exposed wooden surfaces Allowed if no visible damage and coated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to temperatures above the original firing temperature. Small steel sheets coated with this type of coating can be quenched red hot in water without chipping or blistering of the surface. Appropriate applications are heat exchangers, exhaust systems for internal combustion engines, marine service, structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... as an engineering design tool. Foremost among these is spatial resolution. Most flows of practical interest have features whose relevant spatial and temporal scales span many orders of magnitude. For example, in an automotive four-stroke-cycle spark-ignited internal-combustion engine operating at 2000 rev/min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... internal combustion engines and batteries. Fuel cells convert the chemical energy of gaseous or liquid fuels directly into electrical energy and heat via an electrochemical oxidation process. The absence of high-temperature combustion processes and an open flame front eliminates the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., such as DIN 3535. It is important to remember that due to relaxation effects, gaskets should not be reused, particularly in critical applications such as cylinder heads of internal combustion engines. Moreover, viscoelastic gaskets (e.g., elastomeric) tend to lose part of their prestress with time...