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interim surface protection

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of stainless steels. It characterizes the experience of a few industrial sectors according to the corrosion problems most frequently encountered and suggests appropriate grade selections. Corrosion testing, surface finishing, mill finishes, and interim surface protection of stainless steels are also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... for the Corrosion Protection of Steel,” 1 March 2000. This interim specification covers the requirements of thermal spray metallic coatings, with and without, sealers and topcoats, as a means to prevent the corrosion of steel surfaces. Types of metallic coatings include pure zinc, pure aluminum, and zinc/aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in remaining life made. The thaw time of any materials held in cold storage is most important. When a material is taken from the freezer, it should not be removed from its protective sealed wrapping until all of it has reached room temperature. Otherwise, water vapor will condense onto the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... that had effectively protected a large pipe for over 50 years was scraped off, analyzed, and found to be unchanged. It could have been melted and applied again, possibly indefinitely. Other non-wax-based liquid coatings have projected life spans, but long after a painted surface needs to be abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... a better appreciation of the widespread intrusion of water ( Ref 7 , 8 , 9 ). In effect, water may be expected to enter the metal/insulation annulus at joints or breaks in the insulation and its protective coating. The water then condenses or wets the metal surface, or if it is too hot, the water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0006841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-387-4
..., and applying a protective resin to the inner and outer surfaces. Comments on the use of epoxy resin for filling the cracks are given in a later section on coatings in this article. A small sample from the inner cup was examined with SEM fractography ( Fig. 6 ). This shows bodily-displaced grains with widened...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... their field exposure tests and application history. The article also contains helpful information on the dense barrier coatings by high-velocity spraying processes along with their corrosion performance. corrosion protection surface preparation thermal spray coating thermal spray aluminum thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...—such as aluminum brass in saline waters—benefit from periodic dosing of the water with ferrous ions (Fe 2+ ), which are usually added as ferrous sulfate (FeSO 4 ) solution. The Fe 2+ ions deposit as a protective lepidocrocite [FeO(OH)] layer on the copper alloy surface. Sulfide Attack (Water Side...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... such as forming or painting or to provide short-term protection during handling, storage, and transportation ( Ref 2 ). A number of surface treatment processes are commonly used in the industry, such as phosphating, chromating, oiling, thin polymer coating, and variations and combinations thereof. Phosphating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... 1.6 to 3.2 mm, or 0.06 to 0.13 in., larger) to enable the bolt to be inserted and tensioned against the washer and nut. The interface of the connection/gusset plate and the structural member is called a faying surface ( Fig. 20 ). Faying surfaces are not required to be coated but are often protected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... selection of surface treatments for surface structural and chemical modification; the use of surface finishes and/or sizes to ensure thorough wetting and protection of the fiber; creation of interphases with desirable stiffness, toughness, and failure modes; and quantitative and qualitative characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... protection from exposure to hazards: the antonym of danger.” Lowrance ( Ref 6 ) says: “A thing is safe if its risks are judged to be acceptable.” This definition contrasts sharply with the Webster definition (which indicates “zero” risk) and, like Hammer's, implies that nothing is absolutely free of risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... only if moisture can penetrate the protective aluminum oxide layer. However, even under ideal circumstances, defects and surface variability are present in the oxide layer. Microscopically, aluminum and metallic alloying element grains and grain boundaries are formed on the surface, and the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Aluminum and its alloys are highly corrosion resistant, protected by a self-healing oxide film that effectively passivates the underlying surface. This article examines the various processes by which the protective layer can be breached and the types of corrosion that can occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and is necessary to ensure acceptable engine oil performance in regional markets due to service requirements, fuel availability, and environment issues Protection against low-speed engine preignition (LSPI): This refers to LSPI attributed to low-viscosity engine oil in highly downsized turbo DI engines...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Broken drill 62–64 65–65 Unbroken drill 63–64 63–64 Defendant's measurements Broken drill 64.9, 64.8 65.1 (b) , 66.5 (c) Unbroken drill 65.0, 65.1 65.6 (b) , 66.5 (c) (a) Tukon readings (100 g) converted to HRC. (b) At 0.1270 mm (0.005 in.) from the surface. (c...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... there is sufficient refractory under the ceramic to support the ceramic, protect the coil winding, and reduce the thermal shock that can occur when placed in close proximity to the coil winding. Fig. 29 Induction coil designed with silicon nitrite trapezoid wear rails that are embedded into the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Painting is a generic term for the application of a thin organic coating to the surface of a material for decorative, protective, or functional purposes. This article provides a detailed account of the types and selection factors of paints and the various application methods, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to NaCl solution by intermittent spraying or immersion. Alloys with A and B ratings can be used in industrial and seacoast atmospheres without protection. Alloys with C, D, and E ratings generally should be protected, at least on faying surfaces. (b) SCC ratings are based on service experience...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for composite tool design, such as master model or pattern design selection, fiber and fabric selection, resins, and surface coat and ply. Various tool laminate construction techniques, such as curing and demolding, and cutting and trimming, are reviewed. The article also describes the substructure design...