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intergranular failure

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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 21 Percent intergranular fracture, reduction of area, and strain to failure of iron, iron + phosphorus, and iron + phosphorus + manganese alloys tested at various cathodic potentials More
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 22 Percent intergranular fracture and the normalized strain to failure plotted as a function of sulfur content at the grain boundary for straining electrode tests at a cathodic potential of −600 mV (SCE) More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... or quasicleavage, and intergranular failure. Certain fundamental characteristics of fracture observed in precipitation-hardening alloys, ferrous alloys, titanium alloys are also discussed. cleavage fracture crack growth cracking creep dimpled rupture ductile striation formation failure analysis...
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 2 Variation of minimum creep rate with stress for a normalized-and-tempered 1 1 4 Cr- 1 2 Mo steel. T and I denote transgranular and intergranular failure, respectively. Source: Ref 10 More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
to intergranular failure. More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
to intergranular failure. More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 16 Cadmium-plated 4140 steel nuts from a military jet engine that failed by liquid metal induced embrittlement. (a) Fragmented and cracked nuts. (b) Typical fracture surface. (c) Electron fractograph showing brittle intergranular failure More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0006842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-387-4
... morphologies (dimpled rupture, intergranular, cleavage, and fatigue). For example, a monotonic overload failure of a cast iron or cast aluminum component is typically a brittle fracture on the macroscale, while displaying dimpled rupture fracture-surface morphology in the base-metal ligatures surrounding...
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 24 Stress-corrosion cracking behavior of nickel with phosphorus and sulfur segregation. (a) Polarization curve for nickel in 1 N H 2 SO 4 at 25 °C (77 °F). (b) Strain to failure and percent intergranular fracture for 26% phosphorus segregation at grain boundaries. (c) Strain to failure More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a component of interest in a failure investigation. Details on the mechanisms of deformation, brittle transgranular fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue fracture, and environmentally affected fracture are also provided. brittle transgranular fracture creep fracture deformation ductile fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment. This article addresses those forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. Various forms of corrosion covered...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failures. Welding Prevention of SCC failures through proper weld procedures may include appropriate weld preheat, interpass temperature, and postweld heat treatment. For example, Fig. 6 is a micrograph of intergranular SCC in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of an ER308 stainless steel weld deposit...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article addresses the forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. It describes the mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion such as galvanic corrosion, uniform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... • Multiple intergranular cracks • Voids formed on grain boundaries or wedge-shaped cracks at grain triple points • Reaction scales or internal precipitation • Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part • Check for proper alloy and processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article first provides an overview of the types of mechanical fasteners. This is followed by sections providing information on fastener quality and counterfeit fasteners, as well as fastener loads. Then, the article discusses common causes of fastener failures, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... dimples Brittle Failures Brittle failures do not show necking or elongation. The fracture surface can be transgranular/cleavage or intergranular, depending on the material and conditions ( Fig. 6 ). Fig. 6 (a) Brittle fracture of cast aluminum tensile bar. (b) Brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... embrittlement fracture mechanics fracture modes intergranular fracture load-bearing capacity microstructure mixed-mode cracking overload failures stress analysis thermally induced embrittlement transgranular cleavage OVERLOAD FAILURES, from the perspective of materials failure analysts, refer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) describes service failures in engineering materials that occur by slow environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation is the result of the combined and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. This is a simple definition...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and apparently diffuses to grain boundaries near stress concentrations, where it exists as metallic lead and leads to subcritical crack growth by intergranular separation. Failures have been observed in self-contained breathing apparatus, in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus cylinders ( Ref 8 , 9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, and high-cycle fatigue failure. aircraft components fatigue fracture fatigue striations ferrous metals fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture nonferrous metals tensile fracture transgranular cleavage Fig. 1196 Portion of an aircraft landing wheel of sand-cast...