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intergranular failure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... or quasicleavage, and intergranular failure. Certain fundamental characteristics of fracture observed in precipitation-hardening alloys, ferrous alloys, titanium alloys are also discussed. cleavage fracture crack growth cracking creep dimpled rupture ductile striation formation failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a component of interest in a failure investigation. Details on the mechanisms of deformation, brittle transgranular fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue fracture, and environmentally affected fracture are also provided. brittle transgranular fracture creep fracture deformation ductile fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment. This article addresses those forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. Various forms of corrosion covered...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article addresses the forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. It describes the mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion such as galvanic corrosion, uniform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a case history on IG fracture of steam generator tubes, where a lowering of the operating temperature was proposed to reduce failures. dimpled intergranular fracture grain boundaries hydrogen embrittlement intergranular brittle cracking intergranular fatigue intergranular stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... fracture, intergranular fracture, and fatigue ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 ). Their particular features are distinguishable by means of SEM observations. Consequently, fractographic study is a fundamental tool for the failure analysis of a metallic part. When the materials used to make the parts are steel and other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... gas along grain boundaries. Mechanical properties plummet and, under impact, failure occurs by rapid coalescence of the methane bubbles, each nucleated at a submicron carbide or inclusion, along prior-austenite grain boundaries. These cavitated intergranular fractures are common in steels used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... candy fracture, cleavage fracture, brittle fracture, high-cycle fatigue fracture, fatigue striations, hydrogen-embrittlement failure, creep crack propagation, fatigue crack nucleation, intergranular creep fracture, torsional overload fracture, stress-corrosion cracking, and grain-boundary damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, and high-cycle fatigue failure. aircraft components fatigue fracture fatigue striations ferrous metals fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture nonferrous metals tensile fracture transgranular cleavage Fig. 1203 Surface of a slow-bending fracture that was produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... ) tested in shear in the high 1 to 10% plastic strain range at 35 and 150 °C at a frequency of 0.3 Hz. The slope β was approximately 0.5 at temperatures below 150 °C and decreased to 0.37 at 150 °C. An intergranular mode of failure was observed. Practically no deviation from the Coffin-Manson relationship...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... Joshi A. , in Role of Interface Chemistry in Failure of Materials , STP 645, Strauss B.M. and Cullen W.H. Jr. , Ed., ASTM , Philadelphia , 1978 , p 275 34. Johnson W.C. and Blakely J.M. , Ed., Interfacial Segregation , American Society for Metals , 1979...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., which also shows the predicted response versus conductivity. SSC, stress-corrosion cracking; IGSSC, intergranular stress-corrosion cracking Fig. 39 Dose-to-amorphization versus temperature for different irradiating particles. Source: Ref 180 Fig. 40 (a) A TEM image of a Zr(Cr,Fe) 2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the work metal was sensitized. Sensitization occurred during long-term exposure to the service temperature; the effects of sensitization were intensified as a result of cold forming. Failure of the clamp could have been prevented by using a work metal that was less susceptible to intergranular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 71. Bruemmer S.M. , Simonen E.P. , Scott P.M. , Andresen P.L. , Was G.S. , and Nelson J.L. , Radiation-Induced Material Changes and Susceptibility to Intergranular Failure of Light-Water-Reactor Core Internals , J. Nucl. Mater. , Vol 274 , 1999 , p 299 – 314...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... Such a wide distribution of helium should effectively keep the helium concentration on a given high-angle grain boundary relatively low and should reduce the probability of intergranular failure (an intergranular failure is expected to propagate along high-angle boundaries). If the above conclusions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... on the times to failure of various stainless steels in a boiling magnesium chloride solution ( Ref 126 ) Fig. 6 Corrosion tunnel models. (a) Schematic of tunnel model showing the nucleation of a crack by the formation of corrosion tunnels at slip steps and ductile deformation and fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and alloy type, compared with underaging. This is attributed to the increased occurrence of intergranular failure, consistent with the observations illustrated in Fig. 12 and 13 . Figure 12 shows the effect of grain size on the fracture toughness of a 7 xxx alloy tested with crack propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Percent intergranular fracture, reduction of area, and strain to failure of iron, iron + phosphorus, and iron + phosphorus + manganese alloys tested at various cathodic potentials Fig. 22 Percent intergranular fracture and the normalized strain to failure plotted as a function of sulfur content...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... which cracking or separation occurred. The distinction is the presence of MVC in the case of dimpled intergranular fracture and its absence in intergranular brittle fracture. In failure analysis, the investigator must distinguish which type of intergranular fracture has occurred, because the causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... The fracture path is usually intergranular in steels. Not all intergranular failures in steels however, are due to hydrogen embrittlement. In addition, not all hydrogen embrittlement failures in other metals and alloys are intergranular. Time-delayed embrittlement failures are caused by the residual atomic...