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integral molar properties

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... properties, and integral molar properties for selected aluminum-based and copper-based alloys. liquid aluminum-base alloys copper-base alloys phase diagrams thermodynamic properties activity coefficients partial molar thermal properties integral molar properties aluminum-base alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... coefficient for 1 wt% standard state F * Integral free energy of solution F Faraday's constant G i Gibbs free energy of component i Δ G Integral molar free energy Δ G ¯ i Partial molar free energy of component i Δ G i o Molar free energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... For alloys with compositions near the crossover in the G curves, the situation is not so straightforward. In this case it can be shown that the total free energy can be minimized by the atoms separating into two phases. It is first necessary to consider a general property of molar free-energy diagrams...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... with mechanical property prediction models, the strain, distortion, cracking, residual stress, and related properties can be predicted. Fig. 13 Comparison between the calculated dilation versus temperature and the experimental data ( Ref 45 ) for steel 6-6-2, a high-speed tool steel Integration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., however, is a function of the BMI-DABA ratio employed in the resin mix. In one study, optimized toughness properties were achieved when BMI and DABA were employed at a close to 2:1 molar ratio ( Ref 16 ), as can be seen from Table 3 . Properties of BMI/DABA copolymers Table 3 Properties of BMI...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... opportunities for interdisciplinary collaborations to apply techniques from different fields of study to characterize single systems. As was highlighted in the 1986 introduction and still very relevant today, the collaborative approach of team-building and integrating scientists and engineers of different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the Pilling-Bedworth molar volume ratio is: (Eq 2)  Volume of  1  mol of Al 2 O 3  Volume of  2  mol of Al = 1.287 where the volumes are calculated from molecular and atomic weights and the densities of the phases. If the ratio is less than 1, the oxide scales are usually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... of a phase-field model to a specific alloy involves matching a number of model parameters to material-specific properties. Referring to Eq 5 , 6 , and 12 , these model parameters include the chemical free energy, f m , gradient coefficient, κ m , kinetic coefficients M and L , and molar volume...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., T Path length, b … l, d Absorptivity, a A / bc Extinction coefficient, k Molar absorptivity, ϵ A / bc Molar extinction coefficient Fig. 3 Exponential decay of radiant power as a function of path length. Note that the exponential decrease...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in predictable ways. For example, for selenides of the type Ge-As-Se, the glass transformation temperature, hardness, Young's modulus, and strength increase, while the thermal expansion coefficient and molar volume decrease with a tighter structure. The properties of these glasses also depend on the type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... involved. For individual phases in multicomponent systems, properties such as molar volume, thermal conductivity, Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and so on are modeled using pairwise mixture models, similar to those used to model thermodynamic excess functions in multicomponent alloys (see...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... fundamental applications that include studies of electronic properties of organic and inorganic molecules in gas, liquid, and solid phases. Fluorescence spectroscopy is routinely used for chemical analysis of various samples, including those of forensic, environmental, toxicological, clinical, biochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... integration or biodegradability have replaced alumina ceramics where that property is critical, including stabilized zirconia and zirconia-toughened alumina. Stabilized Zirconia Stabilized zirconia was introduced to the bioceramics field due to the demand for ceramics with better physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... composition and properties. Conversely, substrate heating is usually not mandatory for deposition. Collisions in the gas phase are usually negligible in PVD systems operating under ultrahigh vacuum but not completely in systems operating in the pressure range of 0.1 to 1 Pa, in the transition regime (see...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.9781627081962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the integration of thermodynamic modeling, mobility database, and phase-transformation crystallography into phase-field modeling and its combination with transformation texture modeling to predict phase equilibrium, phase transformation, microstructure evolution...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... change of state of a chemical system following the laws of thermodynamics is called chemical thermodynamics. The thermodynamic properties of individual phases can be used for evaluating their relative stability and heat evolution during phase transformations or reactions. Traditionally, the most common...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... curing and curing agents. The article provides descriptions of commercial product forms and the wide array of applications of thermosetting resins. It also tabulates the performance properties (mechanical, thermal, electrical and chemical resistance) of some families of unfilled or unreinforced...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... products. This workhorse glass type varies only slightly in composition from one application to the next, and it is more likely to be influenced by regional raw material price and availability than other factors. As a result, the compositional and, therefore, physical and chemical property diversity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of the thermodynamic equations and property relations of the first and second laws of thermodynamics that are applicable to closed-system consisting of several homogeneous and heterogeneous phases. thermodynamics thermodynamic...