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insufficient nitriding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... chromium alloys, but only a very small amount of coarse martensite (or nitride) in the case of medium chromium alloy. (The outer boundary of the γ + α phase shown in (b) represents an alloy containing ∼0.10% nitrogen and 0.04% carbon.) Fig. 2 Microstructures of type 316L stainless steel sintered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., and surface treatments such as carburizing or carbonitriding for low-alloy steels or nitriding or physical vapor deposition coating for tool steels. carbonitriding carburizing chromium plating deep drawing drawing die low-alloy steel lubricants nitriding physical vapor deposition surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Deep carburizing Silicates + metals Metal oxides Aqueous Shotblasting, steel brush Solvent-free Pack carburizing Silicates + metals Metal oxides Aqueous Shotblasting, steel brush Solvent-free Nitriding/nitrocarburizing Tin Solvent Shotpeening, steel brush … Aqueous emulsion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to minimize pinholes or thinned areas Indeed, in practice, poor surface preparation and insufficient thickness account for a significant number of coating failures. The article “Degradation of Protective Coatings” concentrates on environmental factors that influence coating integrity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Synthetic diamond and cubic boron nitride are among a class of superhard materials from the boron-carbon-nitrogen-silicon family of elements. This article focuses on the two materials, the forms in which they are produced, and their respective properties. Synthetic diamond...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., or the mold materials to produce inclusions. On the other hand, insufficient flux causes metal reaction with the atmosphere to produce oxides and nitrides that may be difficult to remove if not in an agglomerated form. Temperature, time at temperature, alloy composition, pouring practice, and gating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
..., austenitizing, quenching, tempering, and nitriding for various grades of mold and corrosion-resistant tool steels. It details the characteristics of various grades of mold and corrosion-resistant tool steels, including type P20, type P20Mod, AISI type 420, and AISI type 440B. References References 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Abstract Abstract This article summarizes the terminology for gas reactions, and discusses low-temperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing of stainless steels. It describes the various nitriding processes, namely, high- and low-pressure nitriding, oxynitriding, sulfonitriding, oxysulfonitriding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...° and the polarizer and analyzer are rotated to find the null. The positions of the polarizer and analyzer are then used to calculate the ellipsometric parameters Del and Psi. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 3 Optical constants for (a) nickel and (b) silicon nitride. The value of k for silicon nitride is zero...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Mild and 4140 steel A2, D2 D2 Low-carbon steel Best ±0.005 R Yes Mild and 4140 steel Mild and 4140 steel Mild and 4140 steel A2, D2, nitrided D2 D2, nitrided D2 High-strength aluminum or copper alloys Best ±0.005 R No (f) Mild and 4140 steel Mild and 4140 steel Mild steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by buckling-induced fracture. (c) Low-cycle fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 14 Deformation from threads that left impressions on the inside surface of a hole as the members sheared with respect to each other. Fig. 13 Gas-nitrided 4140 steel (27–31 HRC) drive-gear assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) is satisfactory Fig. 10 4140 steel slat track from a military aircraft wing. The track bent because one end did not become fully austenitic during heat treatment, producing a low-strength structure of ferrite and tempered martensite. Fig. 13 Gas-nitrided 4140 steel (27–31 HRC) drive-gear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... not been taken into account in die and powder design. Many factors including sintering environment, type of tray and tray coating material, and so forth, affect shrinkage and distortion. Factors that influence porosity in sintered parts include insufficient green density, cobalt level that is too low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. Applications of these surface treatment processes are also reviewed. Selected References Selected References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... alloy. (d) Depth-of-cut notching on a carbide tool produced during the machining of a nickel-base superalloy. (e) Carbide insert showing nose wear (tool-tip blunting) due to insufficient deformation resistance of the tool. (f) Thermal and mechanical cracks in a carbide insert after interrupted cutting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Composites , Mazdiyasni K.S. , Ed., Noyes Publications , 1990 , p 278 – 310 18. Li C.W. and Yamanis J. , Super-Tough Silicon Nitride with R -Curve Behavior , Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc. , Vol 10 ( No. 7–8 ), 1989 , p 632 – 645 10.1002/9780470310557.ch10 19. Kawashima...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... or nitrided D2 tool steel. Tolerance requirements of the part affect the selection of tool material if the part is to be finished without redrawing. When the part is to be redrawn, the material used in the redrawing die is subjected to less wear than the die that performs the primary operation. A major...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and is known as shelf. The shelf, in addition to being alloy-lean, contains both the oxides and nitrides collected from the melt pool surface as well as portions of the vapor deposits and splash BBs that have been deposited on the crucible wall above the advancing molten pool. If not adequately removed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes and the equipment required for heat treating tool steels to improve hardness, wear resistance, and thermal fatigue. The various nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes covered are salt bath nitrocarburizing, gas nitriding and nitrocarburizing, and plasma nitriding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... High speed multistage process Can be diluted depending on the processing, use for cooling Corrosion, low formability Precoating Wax Paraffin, metal soap, saturated fatty acid Single drawing Easy to coat Not suitable for multistage process, insufficient heat resistance. Resin Resin...