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instrumental design

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Product design greatly influences the recycling and reuse of manufacturing materials. This article presents a design for recycling strategy based on ease of disassembly, minimizing process scrap, using readily recyclable materials, and labelling or otherwise identifying parts. It also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides general guidelines for casting design to provide progressive solidification, minimize heat concentration, eliminate cores, and prevent distortion. Casting design also affects tolerances. Casting tolerances depend on the alloy being poured, the size of the casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Quenchant agitation can be obtained by circulating quenchant in a quench tank through pumps and impellers. The selection of the agitation method depends on the tank design, type and volume of the quenchant, part design, and the severity of quench required. This article describes flow...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... transformation diagrams, and continuous cooling transformation diagrams. The primary design criteria for heat treating of steels this article covers are the minimization of distortion and undesirable residual stresses. The article presents the theoretical and empirical guidelines to understand sources of common...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes design factors for products used in engineering applications. The article groups these factors into three categories: functional requirements, analysis of total life cycle, and other major factors. These categories intersect and overlap, constituting a major...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Thin sections save weight and thus contribute to a more favorable strength-to-weight ratio. By requiring a smaller volume of metal, thin walls may also lower casting costs, particularly when an expensive alloy is being poured. This article discusses the design problems in thin-wall...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thus affect properties in similar ways. Traditionally, the structural role of a component in an oxide glass is designated as that of a glass former, a modifier, or an intermediate. Glass formers are those oxides that readily form a glass on their own, such as SiO 2 , B 2 O 3 , and GeO 2 . Modifiers...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article provides a general introduction on casting processes and design. It discusses the process steps and methods of the main categories of shape casting methods, namely, expendable molds with permanent patterns, expendable molds with expendable patterns, and metal or permanent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the ground floor or in basements in rooms that are designed for low acoustic energy and high thermal stability. High-performance systems sometimes can be influenced by alternating current magnetic fields from nearby equipment, but this usually can be corrected for with a commercial magnetic field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... combinations of materials can be used in making a thermocouple junction. Commercially available thermocouples are grouped according to material characteristics (base metal or noble metal) and standardized designations by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), ASTM International, and the Instrument...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article endeavors to familiarize the reader with a selection of different ionization designs and instrument components to provide knowledge for sorting the various analytical strategies in the field of solid analysis by mass spectrometry (MS). It begins with a description of the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... brought into position and latched to the plate. Once activated, the hydraulic ram moves forward, exerting pressure on a specially designed refractory cone installed in the bottom of the furnace. This distributes the force over the cross section of the lining. The push-out is aided by a slip joint between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... effects of ion implantation and electronic excitation on the charge of the sputtered species. The design and operation of the various instrumental components of SIMS is then reviewed. Details on a depth-profiling analysis of SIMS, the quantitative analysis of SIMS data, and the static mode of operation of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Favorable analytical performances also rely on the ICP-OES torch design. In fact, the design should ensure that the nebulizer gas punches through the base of the plasma to carry the sample up the central channel. Conventionally, two main designs are available in the market: fixed or partially demountable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... stages, and automated SEM control enabled significant advances in high-throughput analysis. Focused ion beams were combined with SEM to produce dual-beam instruments. Specially designed SEMs, called variable-pressure/environmental SEMs, are equipped with differential pumping so the specimen chamber can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... addition, the small mass range enabled faster scan rates. Prior to analysis of volcano plumes (2014), UAS-mass spectrometry platforms were designed using a small quadrupole mass spectrometer with a direct gas inlet and a sub-ppm limit of detection. Targeted molecular gas species included He, H 2 , O...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... design is also critical. The information presented here is not intended to be interpreted as a safety standard but is offered only as a set of guidelines. Safety standards for furnaces are maintained by the National Fire Protection Association, by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... chemical surfaces have now become of increasing interest. This article introduces various STM and AFM designs, various operating modes, and various probes (tips). The STM developed by Dr. Gerd Binnig and his colleagues in 1981 at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rueschlikon, Switzerland, was the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... fissure sealants consist mainly of a polymer matrix with minor amounts of dispersed filler particles, primarily for coloration ( Table 1 ). Sealants are designed to be more fluid than composites so they will penetrate the pits, fissures, and etched areas of enamel to produce macroscopic and microscopic...