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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the modification and inoculation of cast iron, and schematically illustrates the major effects of inoculation in gray cast irons. Inoculation could be considered as a common liquid-state treatment for all commercial cast irons (gray/compacted/ductile...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 8 Schematic of the inoculation of cast iron by metals to form salt-like carbides. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 10 Fading of inoculation More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 20 Influence of inoculation on tensile strength as a function of carbon equivalent for 30 mm (1.2 in.) diameter bars. Source: Ref 26 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 12 Effect of bismuth inoculation. Source: Ref 29 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 17 Nucleation potential evolution with holding time after inoculation More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 8 Cast iron inoculation techniques More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 9 Influence of the inoculant addition rate and inoculation technique on (a) the representative thermal analysis parameters and (b) chill tendency. T st , stable eutectic temperature; T mst , metastable eutectic temperature; TEU, lower eutectic temperature; TER, higher eutectic More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 27 Flow chart for ductile iron inoculation improving and compacted graphite iron production by late sulfur addition, after magnesium treatment More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 22 Effect of inoculation and saturation degree on the tensile strength of gray iron. Source: Ref 35 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 2 Typical time-temperature profiles from furnace to the mold with inoculation options More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 12 Diagram of late stream inoculation with constant monitoring More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 20 Influence of time elapsed after inoculation on the graphite nodule count in casting with wall thickness of 5 mm (0.2 in.). Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 10 The microstructure chessboard shows that inoculation and modification must be simultaneously controlled to remain within the stable CGI widow. Source: Ref 26 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 12 Sample with carbide present in the matrix due to poor inoculation More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... and class 40 gray iron castings are presented in a table. The article describes the induction melting and arc furnace melting used in gray iron foundries. It also reviews the inoculation methods such as stream inoculation and mold inoculation, of gray iron. alloying arc furnace melting cast iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... for various types of alloy cast irons. The article explains the effects of alloying elements and the effects of inoculants. In most cast irons, it is the interaction among alloying elements that has the greatest effect on properties. Inoculants other than appropriate graphitizing or nodularizing agents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... production and outlines the most common and important requirements for controlling the composition of ductile iron. Treatment to produce ductile iron involves the addition of magnesium to change the form of the graphite, followed by or combined with inoculation of a silicon-containing material to ensure...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 8 (a) Entrapment of iron oxide and Mg-Ce-Al-Si inoculant at the origin of a fractured ductile iron casting showing the origin. Original magnification: 7.5×. (b) Higher magnification view of the origin. Original magnification: 50× More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 16 Eutectic grains in inoculated flake graphite iron (class 30). Etchant: Stead's reagent. Courtesy of K. Mikkola, Michigan Technological University More