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injection molding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... practices of polyurea coating/lining systems. injection molding performance issues polymers polyurea polyurea-based coatings safety practices POLYUREA ELASTOMER COATING/LINING TECHNOLOGY has made some very significant advances since the introduction of the technology in the late 1980s...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Thixomolding is a method of molding thixotropic semisolid magnesium alloy pellets in a machine that resembles an injection molding machine in physical appearance and operation. This article describes the process of thixomolding. The use of hot sprues and hot runners in the thixomolding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Resin transfer molding (RTM) and structural reaction injection molding (SRIM) are two similar processes that are well suited to the manufacture of large, complex, and high-performance structures. This article discusses the similarities and differences of RTM and SRIM processes and the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Injection molding is a process of forcing or injecting a fluid plastic material into a closed mold. The process generally has the advantages of being more readily automated and of permitting finer part details. Injection-molding compounds are thermoplastic or thermosetting materials...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... pressing, cold isostatic pressing, slip casting, tape casting, roll compaction, extrusion, and injection molding. It describes the advantages, equipment and tooling, and material requirements of green machining, the machining of ceramics in an unfired state with the intent of producing parts as close to as...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and sintering prealloyed stainless powders. High-density materials are produced by hot isostatic pressing, cold isostatic pressing followed by extrusion, or metal injection molding. The comparison of mechanical properties of these P/M stainless steels is represented graphically. The article contains a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., Materials Standards for Metal Injection Molded Parts, 1993–1994 edition Table 1 Mechanical property and fatigue data for P/F-4600 materials Sintered at 1120 °C (2050 °F) in dissociated ammonia unless otherwise noted. Forging mode Carbon, % Oxygen, ppm Ultimate tensile strength 0.2...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (parallelism) also reduces waviness and improves appearance. A technique for obtaining better surface finish that is currently being used in many automotive applications is called in-mold coating. To apply an in-mold coating, a thermoset resin is injected into the mold after the SMC component is partially...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a low-pressure (550 to 830 kPa, or 80 to 120 psi) process, lighter molds can be used than with injection molding. The following list compares the advantages of several commercial mold materials: (P-20): Tough, best surface reproduction, lowest thermal conductivity, best for use with slides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Bulk molding compounds are processed by compression, transfer, and injection molding. Compression molding is used for large parts and wherever strength is critical to a molded part. This molding method causes the least amount of damage to reinforcing fibers, and in some cases the orientation of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... automobile cylinder heads. In pressure die casting, the metal is injected into the mold at high pressures. The process is primarily used for high-volume production of zinc, aluminum, and magnesium alloys, although ferrous and copper-base alloys may also be cast. The process is capable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... items are quite low, compared with most other plastics processes. However, production rates per individual machine may be lower than with other processes, such as injection molding and blow molding. Because rotational molding can produce uniform wall thickness on hollow parts up to 83,300 L (22,000 gal...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and hydraulically clamp molding box halves Blow in preexpanded Styrofoam beads Close off Styrofoam fill guns, then inject steam to expand and bond the beads Stop the steam and run water through cooling lines Open the mold box Eject pattern from cavity The finished EPS pattern has a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cast tooling is longer than that of dies made from wrought materials. Precision-cast tooling can frequently be used as-cast without further machining ( Fig. 9 ). The process is suitable for impossible-to-machine grain and texture details for large injection mold bodies ( Fig. 12 ). The process...
Book Chapter

By Justin Heimsch
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... reheated to achieve the structures necessary for casting. The second casting process combines billet sawing, reheating, and the actual injecting of material into the mold. The article focuses on these processes and provides information on rheological tests. It discusses some key design concepts used in...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Sand mold and permanent mold castings are the major methods for shape casting of steels, with production closely split among green sand, chemically bonded sand, and permanent mold processes. This article describes the steel solidification characteristics, melting practices, melt...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... hot spots that are difficult to feed. Critical dimensions should not cross parting lines in molds or injection or core dies. Designers also should have a good knowledge of the casting characteristics of available alloys, as this influences design approaches to work around limitations of alloy...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the basic types of mold aggregates and bonding methods for expendable molds and coremaking. It provides an overview of mold media and the basic types of sands and their properties. The most significant clays used in green sand operations, such as bentonites, are...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... automotive industry. Thixomolding involves the casting of a semisolid alloy into a mold by an injection-molding process. The equipment is specifically designed to process coarse particles of a magnesium alloy. The particles are carefully heated and subjected to a mechanical shear to produce the slurry...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Table 1 Shape casting processes ratings chart Mold method Capabilities Applicable metals Productivity (a) Disposable cores Casting size Dimensional control Expendable mold with permanent patterns  Bonded sand processes   Green sand All 5 Yes Unlimited...