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ingot mold casting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Fig. 1 Ingot for foundry remelting. (a) Automatic ingot stacker at casthouse. (b) Stack of aluminum ingot at die casting foundry. Courtesy of Light Metal Age Fig. 3 Rolling ingot from direct chill casters with mold frame in background. Courtesy of Loma Machine Fig. 4...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... required by downstream manufacturing processes. This article starts with a review of the different forms of ingot and the molten-metal processing techniques involved in ingot casting. It then describes the open-mold casting and direct chill (DC) ingot casting processes. The process variations...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract The purpose of continuous casting is to bypass conventional ingot casting and to cast to a form that is directly rollable on finishing mills. The use of this process has resulted in improvement in yield, surface condition, and internal quality of product when compared...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... versions of BEU designs for high-quality specialty applications. Ingots are often shaped on the top or bottom to maximize yields by optimizing deformation during rolling. These designs are incorporated into the design of the ingot molds and stools that are used to contain the molten steel during casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... as prehardened plastic-mold alloys. Tool steel that has cracked will exhibit a coarse, shiny, faceted appearance. Nonmetallic inclusions are an inevitable consequence of commercial alloys and their respective melting or casting practices. Inclusions that originate in the ingot are carried on to wrought...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and characteristics of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... conditions, the conductive heat loss at the bottom surface of the ingot is calculated from extrapolation within the domain. In addition, the solidified metal carries energy out of this boundary due to its motion at the casting velocity. Slag-mold interface: The molten slag loses heat to the water-cooled...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., bearing steel, tool and die steel, and stainless and heat-resistant steels ( Ref 14 ). Ingots from high-quality heavy ESR are over 200 tons, and production cost of heavy ESR manufacturing is significantly reduced by electroslag hot topping. Related technologies include electroslag casting, electroslag...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... die casting, low-pressure die casting, sand casting, permanent mold casting (iron, graphite, or plaster molds), spin casting (silicone rubber molds), investment (lost-wax) casting, continuous or semicontinuous casting, and centrifugal casting. A newer process involves semisolid casting, of which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... it separates from the mold wall, briefly ceasing heat removal ( Ref 4 ). Fig. 34 Section through an alloy 7075 ingot (edge at right), direct-chill semicontinuous cast. Etchant: dilute Keller's reagent. Original magnification 250×. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 35 Bleed bands normal to the casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and ceramic mold due to low growth rates can result in contamination of the melt by ceramic inclusions ( Ref 65 ). A typical microstructure of the Ti-Al-Nb alloys cast in ceramic molds coated with yttria refined with boron is presented in Fig. 26 . Microstructures of Ti-Al-W-Si DS ingots cast in alumina...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-pressure RF discharges, and corona discharges. Cold plasmas are not suitable for melting processes. Thermal plasmas are suitable for melting in the production of ingots, slabs, castings, or powders. Plasma Torches Breakdown (that is, the creation of ionic charge carriers) establishes a conducting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... the use of a manufacturing process with superior capabilities and lower final cost. As another example, consider a part to be made from an aluminum casting alloy. Three alternative casting processes are sand casting, permanent-mold (gravity-feed) casting, and die casting (see the article “Design...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... revert and virgin ingots are used. Oxygen also can be introduced to the casting from the surface mold-metal interaction. The rammed-graphite method is the oldest mold technique used to produce titanium castings. The method uses a mixture of graphite powder and associated binders and water additions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... of more complicated casting processes (e.g., Ref 13 , 51 , 52 ). One example is direct chill casting, a semicontinuous process in which molten aluminum enters the top of a water-cooled mold, is cooled, and forms a solid ingot drawn out below ( Fig. 2 ). The molten aluminum begins to solidify...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... meters. These compositional variations negatively impact the subsequent processing behavior and properties of cast materials and can lead to rejection of cast components or processed products. It is present in virtually all casting processes, including continuous, ingot, and shape casting of steel, cast...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... machines in the wrought industry. In the magnesium, zinc, and lead metal casting industries, mechanical pumps transfer metal between furnaces, fill ingot and pig molds, feed die casting machines, cast electrogalvanizing anodes, and empty galvanizing kettles when repairs or desludging is required. Molten...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the Ingot Many flaws in wrought products can be traced back to the pouring and solidification of hot metal in molds during production of ingot. Except for forged powder metal components, the starting material in bulk working is a slab, ingot, billet, and so forth produced by casting into stationary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Factors affecting selection of casting process for aluminum alloys Table 7 Factors affecting selection of casting process for aluminum alloys Factor Casting process Sand casting Permanent mold casting Die casting Cost of equipment Lowest cost if only a few items required Less...