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ingot casting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...Abstract Abstract Ingot casting is the vital conduit between molten metal provided by primary production and recycling, and the manufacture of aluminum and aluminum alloy products. This article discusses various ingot forms, such as remelt ingot, billets, ingots for rolling, fabricating ingot...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract When a heat of steel is melted and refined, it is necessary to solidify it into useful forms for further processing or final use. Ingot casting remains the preferred method for certain specialty, tool, forging, and remelted steels. This article discusses the methods, equipment...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract Ingot casting is the vital conduit between molten metal provided by primary production and recycling and the manufacture of aluminum and aluminum alloy products. A number of ingot casting processes have been developed to ensure the soundness, integrity, and homogeneity...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 6 Manganese sulfides in (a) a billet of ingot-cast type 303 stainless steel and (b) a bar of continuously cast 303 stainless steel More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 7 Cross section through an alloy 1100 ingot cast by the Properzi (wheel-and-belt) method showing columnar grains growing perpendicularly to the faces of the mold. Tucker's reagent. Original magnification 1.5×. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 11 Feather crystals in an alloy 3003 ingot cast by the direct-chill semicontinuous process. Growth twins in the crystals. Polarized light. Barker's reagent. Original magnification 50×. Source: Ref 4 More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract The purpose of continuous casting is to bypass conventional ingot casting and to cast to a form that is directly rollable on finishing mills. The use of this process has resulted in improvement in yield, surface condition, and internal quality of product when compared...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... alloy designations. It also tabulates the grade designations and compositions of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys. The article provides information on cross-referencing of aluminum wrought and ingot/cast products according to composition, per the Aluminum Association, Unified Numbering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... working of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and characteristics of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 32 Backscattered scanning electron micrographs showing the morphology of cells and dendrites within the cross section of the columnar grains in Ti-46Al-2W-0.5Si directionally solidified ingots cast in alumina molds. B 2 particles (ordered β phase). Ceramic Al 2 O 3 particle (C). The effect More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...% Mg, 6.56% Zn, 0.03% Cr, 0.09% Fe, 0.05% Mn, 0.01% Ni, 0.06% Si, 0.018% Ti, 0.10% Zr, balance aluminum. Source: Ref 3 Grain Structure Grain size is a readily observed feature of aluminum alloy ingots and castings. For solid-solution type alloys, mechanical properties are highly dependent...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3 As-cast Al-7Si ingots showing the effects of grain refinement. (a) No grain refiner. (b) Grain refined. Both etched using Poulton's etch; both 2×. Courtesy of W.G. Lidman, KB Alloys, Inc. More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 5 Macrostructure of as-cast aluminum ingot. Transverse section shows outer chill zone and columnar grains that have grown perpendicularly to the mold faces. Etched using Tucker's reagent. 1.5× More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 6 Macrostructure of a continuous-cast copper ingot. (a) Spider cracks revealed using dye-penetrant inspection. Transverse section at top; longitudinal section at bottom. (b) Same ingot, etched using Waterbury's reagent. Cracks are not revealed. Both approximately 0.5× More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 10 Sketch of grains in a typical cast ingot. More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 8 Sidepressed bars of a high-nitrogen stainless steel cut from a cast ingot. (a) Bar forged round-to-round at 1150 °C (2100 °F), which developed center-burst. (b) Bar successfully forged round-to-square at 1125 °C (2060 °F). Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 18 Transverse cross section of 5052 as-cast direct chill rolling ingot—corner of 64 × 152 cm (25 × 60 in.) slice. Width shown is 13.5 cm (5.3 in.). Etchant: mixed acid More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 47 Zircaloy 4 as-cast ingot. Use of attack polishing, heat tinting (425 °C, or 800 °F), and differential interference contrast illumination reveals the basic crystal structure and the iron-chromium second phase. 200×. (P.E. Danielson) More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Macrograph of cross section through as-cast unalloyed uranium ingot showing coarse columnar grain structure. Etched using procedure 1 in Table 2 . One half actual size. Courtesy of M.H. Cornell and W.N. Wise, FMPC More