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inertia-drive welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Fig. 1 Inertia welding parameter characteristics. Source: ANSI/AWS C6.1-89 Fig. 2 Direct-drive friction welding parameter characteristics. Source: ANSI/AWS C6.1-89 Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the practice considerations for the inertia and direct-drive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... practice considerations for the two most common variations: inertia welding and direct-drive friction welding. Direct-drive friction welding differs from inertia welding, primarily in how the energy is delivered to the joint. The article discusses the parameter calculations for inertia welding and direct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Friction welding (FRW) is a solid-state welding process in which the heat for welding is produced by the relative motion of the two interfaces being joined. This article describes two principal FRW methods: direct-drive welding and inertia-drive welding. The direct-drive FRW...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...Parameters for inertia-drive friction welding of two 25 mm (1 in.) diameter bars made of similar metals Table 1 Parameters for inertia-drive friction welding of two 25 mm (1 in.) diameter bars made of similar metals Work metal Spindle speed, rev/min Axial force Flywheel size (a) Weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...References References 1. Inertia Welding: Simple in Principle and Application , Weld. Met. Fabric. , Vol 47 ( No. 8 ), 1979 , p 585 2. Ellis C.R.G. , Continuous Drive Friction Welding of Mild Steel , Weld. J. , Vol 51 ( No. 4 ), 1972 , p 183 – 185 Figure 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Fig. 1 Principle of rotational friction welding. (a) Schemati. (b) Jaws of a commercial inertia friction welding machine designed for joining aeroengine turbine disks Fig. 2 Process characteristics of typical (a) direct-drive rotational friction-welding and (b) inertia friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...Process parameters Table 1 Process parameters Inertia Direct drive Speed Speed Welding force Friction welding force Inertia mass Friction heating time, t 1 Dwell time Delay time, t 3 Deceleration time, t 2 Forge force Forging time, t 4 The inertia...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... T.G. , and Kraus R.H. , Characterization of Stainless Steel Inertia Welds Using HTS SQUID NDE , IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. , Vol 15 ( No. 2 ), June 2004 , p 719 – 722 10.1109/TASC.2005.850024 21. Todorov E.I. , Parametric Studies and Optimization of Eddy Current...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and AA7075 Alloys , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 211 ( No. 2 ), Feb 2011 , p 174 – 180 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2010.08.030 20. Carr C. , Espy M.A. , Abelin T.G. , and Kraus R.H. , Characterization of Stainless Steel Inertia Welds Using HTS SQUID NDE , IEEE Trans. Appl...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract Casting offers a great amount of component design flexibility. This article discusses six casting design parameters that drive the geometry of casting design from a process standpoint. It provides information on the design of junctions and addresses considerations of secondary...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., there is no evidence in the finished weld because the metal is worked during the welding stage. There are two methods of joining workpieces by FRW: continuous-drive FRW and inertia-drive FRW. More recently, radial friction machines have been introduced for joining hollow sections (pipe and tube). Process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the melting point of the work metal. If incipient melting does occur, there is no evidence in the finished weld because the metal is worked during the welding stage. There are two methods of joining workpieces by FRW: continuous-drive FRW and inertia-drive FRW. More recently, radial friction machines have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of similar and dissimilar metal combinations to be joined. However, continuous-drive and stored-energy (inertia) friction-welding systems have not been as successfully exploited for the joining of long, hollow sections, where restrictions in the bore cannot be tolerated. The difficulties involved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., but the effect is still under study. The effect of this reinforcement-free zone on the mechanical performance of the weld is not known. Both silicon carbide- and aluminum oxide-reinforced Al-MMCs have been friction welded using continuous-drive and inertia machines ( Ref 18 , 19 ). Friction welding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... from 50 to 610 mm (2 to 24 in.). Table 2 shows the diameters and body widths of commonly used electrodes, in relation to the size of the welding machine. Narrower wheels are used in machines with knurl or friction drive; wider wheels, in gear drive and idler machines. Common sizes of electrode...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or by a knurl or friction drive that contacts the peripheral surface of the electrode wheel. The series of spot welds is made without retracting the electrode wheels or releasing the electrode force between spots, although the electrode wheels may advance either continuously or intermittently...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., as well as how their alignment may be affected by deflections or distortions that can occur as a result of mechanical loads, shock, vibrations, or thermal gradients, should be considered. The method of connecting the driving or driven member to the shaft, such as press fitting, welding, or use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Generally, tolerances on the order of ±0.025 mm (0.001 in.) have been obtained in sheet and plate forming of fairly large structures. Small-diameter tubes have also been explosively formed to tolerances of ±0.025 mm (0.001 in.). Joining and Welding Explosives are commonly used to drive joining...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of a modern ESR furnace with a fixed mold. 1, ram drive system; 2, electrode ram; 3, XY adjustment; 4, load cell system; 5, sliding contact; 6, four bus tubes; 7, pivoting drive; 8, electrode; 9, mold assembly; 10, coaxial bus tube; 11, base plate; 12, multicontacts Fig. 4 Schematic of an ESR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
.... Magnetic and mechanical controls are not suitable. Low-inertia welding head for rapid followup of electrode force Slope control (for single-phase welding machines) Multiple-electrode-force system to permit proper forging of the weld nugget and redressing of electrodes Aluminum can be welded...