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industrial gold plating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and industrial applications of gold plating. The article reviews factors affecting the dragout of gold solution. decorative plating electrolytes gold plating industrial gold plating GOLD PLATING is similar to other metal plating in most chemical and electrochemical ways. Gold differs from other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... about different concepts of finishing contacts. The military was gold plating most of the high-reliability items, while industry was using tin plating ( Ref 16 , 17 ). This conflict often resulted in tin-plated contacts on PCBs being inserted into gold-plated beryllium-copper connectors. The resulting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the electroless gold plating technique, describing the advantages and limitations, applications, and properties of plated deposits. It also reviews process variables of the technique, including gold concentration, reducing agent, agitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are also used in making the packaging materials (known in the electronics industry as piece parts). Examples of the piece parts used in the assembly of SIC are leadframes, die-attach (adhesives), wire (about 1 mil in diameter), and molding compounds. Chemicals are used in the plating process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in printed circuit board assemblies; silver, gold, and platinum-group metals for electrical contacts; the use of organometallic compounds containing platinum for cancer chemotherapy drugs; and many other applications. The Precious Metals Industry Resources and Consumption Silver Despite being...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... It provides a detailed account of the applications of selective plating, with examples. The article describes the advantages, limitations, key process elements, and health and safety considerations of selective plating. It also includes the most important industrial, government, and military specifications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and gold, and tabulates the industrial applications of precious metals. It provides information on the commercial forms (wire, rod, sheet, strip, ribbon, and foil) and uses of precious metals, including semifinished products, precious metal powders, industrial uses, coatings, and jewelry. commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... electroplated chromium, electroplated nickel, electroless (autocatalytic) nickel, electroless nickel composite coatings, electroplated gold, and platinum group coatings. These are specifically tailored toward plated coatings for friction, lubrication, and wear technology. The article concludes with a discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... gold and silver plating on substrates, and the extensive use of dissimilar metals make microelectronic devices and components extremely susceptible to corrosion. In order to minimize manufacturing cost, the design may use alternative processes and materials (e.g., gold interconnect layers replaced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...+ −0.126 Hydrogen H + 0 Copper Cu 2+ 0.337 Cu + 0.521 Silver Ag + 0.799 Platinum Pt 4+ 0.90 Gold Au + 1.68 Source: Ref 2 The nature of any corrosion products formed also must be taken into account. For example, in industrial environments, zinc is more...
Book Chapter

By Alan Blair
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.../electronic applications. Decorative applications of silver plating still predominate; however, silver has been successfully substituted for gold in some functional uses in electronics. Its greatest success has been the virtually complete replacement of gold on metallic leadframes, the devices that support...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the output ( Fig. 1b ). Fig. 1 Current patterns in conventional pulsed-current plating. (a) Ideal pattern. (b) Typical pattern as seen using an oscilloscope Pulse plating has gained acceptance in a number of metal finishing industries, especially the electronics industry. With the advent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... is superior to most tin or tin-lead plated surfaces. The nickel solderable coating is protected by a finish of electroplated gold, particularly if the base metal is subject to temperatures that exceed the melting points of tin or tin-lead finishes prior to assembly. The MIL-G-45204C thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... undercoat of gold or palladium. Source: Ref 7 The preparation of the electrolyte constituents is rather critical. Deposits are hard and highly stressed, making it difficult to obtain crack-free layers at higher thicknesses. For electrical contact applications, a layer of gold flash plated on top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Tin Matte Sn or immersion Sn Lead-free alloys Sn-Ag-Cu Silver Immersion Ag with additives Nickel-gold Electroless Ni-immersion Au Component lead terminations Nickel-gold Plated Au Electroless Ni-immersion Au Tin Pure Sn plating Silver-palladium Ag-Pd Nickel-palladium...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), and Ti-6Al-4V. There are limited uses for gold. Tantalum finds use as cranial plates or surgical staples (along with stainless steel), as do four grades of commercial-purity titanium. Table 1 lists the compositions of alloys used as implantable biomaterials; Table 2 indicates relative strengths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Joining of copper tube closures for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry Joining of brass U-shaped section to a brass plate for a brush holder Joining of copper steel laminate to itself for a communications cable sheathing Precious Metals Most of the precious metals...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the equipment and procedures used for small-scale and large-scale scrapping operations. identification and sorting methods recycling of metals scrap metals scrap processing WHILE RECYCLING might appear to be a modern concept to the average layperson, it has been in practice in the metals industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... pickling and bright dipping, abrasive blast cleaning, chemical and electrochemical cleaning, mass finishing, polishing and buffing, electroless plating, immersion plating, electroplating, passivation, coloring, and organic coatings. abrasive blast cleaning bright dipping buffing chemical cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in Fig. 1 , clad metals are categorized as bonded metal-metal laminar composite systems that can be fabricated by several processes. They are also referred to as sandwich metals, metal laminates, and multimetals. Clad metals can be provided in plate, strip, tube, rod, and wire form. Fig. 1...