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industrial atmosphere

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... control system may be needed, although many industry specifications require continuous atmosphere control for specific heat treating applications. Atmosphere supply adjustments can be made through occasional analysis of the atmosphere with portable instrumentation. For many neutral carburizing and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... photorefractive two-wave mixing interferometer. The article concludes with information on the industrial applications of laser-ultrasonics, including thickness measurement, flaw detection, and material characterization. ultrasonic nondestructive inspection thermoelastic ablation thermoelastic vaporization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Nanofluids offer a completely different behavior of wetting kinetics and heat-removal characteristics, which are exploited in industrial heat treatment for quenching. This article provides information on the important thermophysical properties of nanofluids, namely, thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... molds. The rebuilding of mismachined or worn parts comprises large segments of the industry. One specialized application is a thin chromium layer used as a lacquer adhesive layer in the manufacture of “tin” cans. Hard chromium plating is also known as industrial, functional, or engineering chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the results of a research program that compared the corrosion resistance of nine cast steels in marine and industrial atmospheres. It illustrates the comparison of corrosion rates of cast steels, malleable cast iron, and wrought steel after 3 years of exposure in two atmospheres and provides the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article is a guide that rates the compatibility of dissimilar structural materials joined together for service in seawater, marine atmosphere, or industrial atmosphere. It contains a table that indicates the material code and most generally effective surface treatment typically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...-based atmospheres, industrial gas nitrogen-base atmospheres, argon atmospheres, and hydrogen atmospheres. Atmospheres for backfilling, partial pressure operation, and quenching in vacuum are also discussed. Furnace atmospheres constitute four major groups of safety hazards in heat treating: fire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... process fast becoming the choice of aerospace and automotive industries. Vacuum carburizing is a modified gas carburizing process that is done in a specially designed vacuum furnace ( Fig. 19 ) using a carburizing gas. The carburizing is carried out at pressures less than atmosphere, typically between 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... classification system provides for a large number of possibilities. In practice, only a few of the possible atmosphere classifications are industrially important. Table 1 lists significant furnace atmospheres and typical applications. When a low dew point (moisture content) is required, various methods of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... guidelines for safety procedures that are common to all industrial heat treating furnace installations. carbon potential measurement electromagnetic testing furnace atmosphere control devices furnace safety procedures heat treating processed steel parts spectrographic analysis temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article discusses the important characteristics of fluidized beds. The total space occupied by a fluidized bed can be divided into three zones: grid zone, main zone, and above-bed zone. The article discusses the various types of atmospheres of fluidized beds, such as oxidizing and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of which were considered to have beneficial effects on atmospheric corrosion resistance. The first commercial HSLA steels in the United States were used by the railroad industry for coal hopper cars in the unpainted condition. When steel specification ASTM A 242 ( Ref 4 ) was established by ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... immediately after the forging operation, before the workpiece temperature falls below a red heat. Less often, forgings are reheated to 900 to 950 °C (1650 to 1750 °F) and then trimmed. Stainless steels do not form as much scale as carbon or alloy steels, especially when a protective atmosphere is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... system associated with evaporation processing is to reduce contaminating residual gases and vapors to an acceptable level. Potential sources of the gases and vapors in the processing chamber and related systems include: Residual atmospheric gases and vapors Desorption from surfaces in the vacuum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... semiconductor films to a level greater than that obtainable by diffusion-doping techniques ( Ref 80 ). Recently great progress has been made in the deposition of diamond and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings for industrial applications. Natural diamond, with its high hardness, low coefficient of friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... sample of the quenching medium. Sometimes an austenitic stainless steel specimen is used to avoid scaling or the necessity for a protective atmosphere. A high-speed recorder or digital data-acquisition unit is used for plotting temperature changes, as measured by one or more thermocouples embedded in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... consistent durability in all types of atmospheric exposure, including industrial, rural, and marine. The article tabulates the corrosion of lead in various natural outdoor atmospheres and the corrosion of lead alloys in various soils. It explains the factors that influence in initiating or accelerating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... industry. abrasion resistance blistering cathodic protection pipeline coatings polyurethanes thermal resistance THIS ARTICLE DESCRIBES the coating materials, surface-preparation requirements, and application techniques used to protect underground pipelines. It provides valuable insight into...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., quenching, coating diffusion, and precipitation. It describes the three general strengthening mechanisms, namely, solid-solution hardening, age hardening, and carbide precipitation. The article summarizes the typical heat treatment of the general families of nickel-base castings used in industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; corrosion in atmosphere, water, and chemical environments; and the applications of stainless steels in various industries are also discussed. austenitic stainless steel corrosion corrosion protection corrosion testing crevice corrosion erosion-corrosion ferritic stainless steel galvanic...