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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Table 1 General differences between heat treating and brazing inductors Property Hardening inductors Brazing and soldering inductors Area heated by inductor Heating coil face area is directly related to required hardness pattern. Well-defined heating pattern—depth and width; coil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... current on the induction coil and process design, and the control of heating in different areas of the inductor part. The article reviews three main tools for adjustment of coil design and fabrication: coupling gap, coil copper profile, and magnetic flux controllers. It examines the method of holding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Table 1 Dry masses for channel inductor Mass type Special properties Spinel-forming masses MgO 85%/Al 2 O 3 12% + High sinter density due to spinel formation + High refractory performance – Prone to clogging Al 2 O 3 85%/12% MgO + High sinter density due to spinel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... Fig. 23 (a) Longitudinal and (b) transverse cross sections of the ductile iron cam lobes. Courtesy of Inductoheat Inc. Fig. 24 Two camshafts having different lengths that were induction hardened using the same single-shot inductor that hardens multiple lobes Fig. 25 True contour...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the frequently encountered causes of induction coil failures and typical failure modes in fabrication of hardening inductors, tooth-by-tooth gear-hardening inductors, clamshell inductors, contactless inductors, split-return inductors, butterfly inductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005891
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Induction heating has the ability to concentrate the electromagnetic field and heat within a certain area of the workpiece. This article provides a detailed discussion on the end heating of bars, rods, and billets using solenoid inductors, oval inductors, and channel inductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... testing methods, namely, magnetic particle testing, ultrasonic testing, and eddy current testing to evaluate induction-hardened components. case depth frequency induction hardening inductors inspection nondestructive testing quenching surface hardness evaluation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005892
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... algorithms and multiobjective evolutionary strategy algorithms associated with evolutionary computing. The article provides information on field-based optimization problems. It also discusses the design of the pancake inductor that implies the solution of coupled electromagnetic and thermal fields, along...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... Myers et al. , Optimizing Performance of Crankshaft Hardening Inductors , Industrial Heating , Dec 2006 10. Lupi S. et al. , Induction Heating Industrial Applications , France 1992 11. Nemkov V.S. and Goldstein R.C. , Design Principles for Induction Heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... to defects such as erosion, infiltration, crack formation, and clogging, and the corresponding preventive measures to avoid the occurrence of these defects. It elucidates the overall furnace operations, including commissioning, operational procedures, automatic process monitoring, inductor change...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005895
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... installations. channel induction furnaces crucible furnaces induction melting induction skull melting inductor crucible cold furnaces power supplies INDUCTION MELTING has been applied successfully in the ferrous and nonferrous industry for many decades. However, induction melting also is used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Table 1 Characteristic data for melting and holding aluminum furnace Plant data Melting furnace Pouring furnace Minimum heel, tons 8 5 Useful charge, tons 40 40 Total capacity, tons 48 45 Number of inductors 4 2 Power, kW 3200 1600 Melt rate, tons/h 7 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... crucible furnaces inductor crucible cold furnaces melt properties oxides THIS ARTICLE IS A BRIEF OVERVIEW of models of the following induction heating devices for melting with skull formation of low-conductivity materials: Induction crucible furnace, or ICF ( Fig. 1 ) Induction furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and plates using longitudinal flux inductors Material Temperature Minimum thickness, mm °C °F 0.06 kHz 0.5 kHz 1 kHz 2.5 kHz 4 kHz 10 kHz Aluminum 100 212 31 10.7 7.6 4.8 3.8 2.4 250 482 37 12.9 9 5.8 4.6 2.9 500 932 48 16.6 11 7.4 5.9 3.7 Copper 100 212...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION is one method of generating heat within a part for hardening or tempering a steel or cast iron part. Any electrical conductor can be heated by electromagnetic induction. As alternating current from the converter flows through the inductor, or work coil, a highly concentrated, rapidly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of components, and testing the setup. frequency induction coils inductors load matching power supplies power supply circuit transformers TRANSFORMERS AND REACTORS for induction heating are discussed in the first half of this article as well as the following topics: initial considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Induction heating occurs when an electrically conductive material is exposed to a varying magnetic field. The basic components of an induction heating system are an induction coil (an inductor), an alternating-current power supply, and the workpiece itself. The coil, which may take different shapes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... , Inductors for Induction Heating , Energy Publ. , St. Petersburg, Russia , 1974 33. Landau L. and Lifshitz E. , Theoretical Physics , Vol 8 , The Electrodynamics of Continuous Media , Nauka , Moscow , 1992 34. Feynman R. , Leighton R. , and Sands M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... all at once. In contrast, the power demand of tooth-by-tooth inductors is much lower; however, the production rate is also noticeably lower. In the past there was a commonly accepted belief that certain type of gears and pinions are not well suited for induction hardening due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... a series of design decisions and compromises that stem from the requirements of those applications. These include output frequency, voltage, current, load power factor, duty cycle, response time, and whether the application requires an inductor to be located remotely from the main power supply. The design...