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inductor crucible cold furnaces

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... article also describes the benefits of the flux controllers for induction heat treating processes such as single-shot and scanning. channel type furnaces continuous induction tube welding cooling crucible furnaces induction coils induction melting inductor crucible cold furnaces magnetic flux...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005895
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... melting installations. channel induction furnaces crucible furnaces induction melting induction skull melting inductor crucible cold furnaces power supplies INDUCTION MELTING has been applied successfully in the ferrous and nonferrous industry for many decades. However, induction melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... crucible furnaces inductor crucible cold furnaces melt properties oxides THIS ARTICLE IS A BRIEF OVERVIEW of models of the following induction heating devices for melting with skull formation of low-conductivity materials: Induction crucible furnace, or ICF ( Fig. 1 ) Induction furnace with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... crucible furnace: Because the refractory lining of the inductor is sensitive to high-temperature fluctuations (crack formation), a liquid heel constantly must remain in the furnace during operation. Therefore, holding energy is also consumed during stoppages, while flexibility with regard to alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... plant for brass, consisting of two 27/13 ton induction channel furnaces, each with a 2.4 MW inductor and a pressure-actuated 20 ton 500 kW pouring furnace. Courtesy of ABP Systems. Source: Ref 26 Fig. 17 Medium-frequency crucible furnaces for heavy metal. (a) Tilting crucible furnace with an...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-type units have been built with a capacity of over 2200 M T (2400 tons) powered by 6 inductors rated at 6000 kW each for holding applications. Induction furnaces require much cleaner scrap than cupola furnaces and somewhat cleaner scrap than electric arc furnaces. The capital costs are higher than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... closed, ferromagnetic yoke and a channel acting as a short-circuited secondary winding ( Fig. 11 ). The current flowing through the primary coil of the inductor generates a varying electromagnetic force that primarily flows through the iron core. The liquid metal in the refractory-lined channel is the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... that of a linear motor ( Ref 14 ). An arrangement of a bottom-mounted induction stirrer with a furnace is provided in Fig. 14 . The melt is stirred by the force created by the inductor to the bottom of the furnace. A variation of this mounts the stirrer on the side of the furnace. Electromagnetic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... induction furnaces ( Fig. 1 ), a small channel of molten metal surrounds the inductor coil. Only the small amount of metal in the inductor channel receives enough energy to be heated, and it is pumped out of the channel by electromagnetic forces into the remainder of the bath, which it heats by mixing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... electro-technological devices such as: Between melt and slag in an induction crucible furnace (ICF) and in ladle and cover, or environment Between melt and metal crucible of an induction furnace with cold crucible (IFCC) Between workpiece and shield of induction heating devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... components None (with clean scrap) SO 2 , No x , CO Crucible furnaces often are used in a duplex mode, where the liquid iron is melted in one furnace unit, and the melt is made ready in a second step. For example, crucible furnaces often have the job of carburizing the melt generated in a cupola...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Cast irons induct heat well, and the only limitations are the size of the part and accessibility to the joint area. Nearly any part shape can be brazed using induction heating as long as a suitable inductor can be designed to give the desired heating pattern. Induction heating equipment tends to be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... operated semicontinuously and are used more as holding furnaces than as melting units. Water-cooled inductors have increased capacities in recent decades. Both types of induction furnace must deal with dross collection by deposition on the refractory surface rather than at the top of the melt; this...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001747
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the crucible to 3000 °C (5430 °F). Inert gas fusion by induction heating uses the pure graphite crucible as an inductor centered in the load or work coil portion of a high-frequency induction furnace. When the furnace is activated, the crucible inductively couples with the high-frequency field...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... tight temperature control in the holding furnace is essential for stable casting conditions and product quality, which is realized with the stepless power control of the inductor by the inverter technique. A typical casting speed of a horizontal strip caster is up to 200 mm/min (8 in./min), resulting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... hardness (requires scale designation, such as HRC for Rockwell C hardness) HSLA high-strength low-alloy (steel) HTH high-temperature hydrogenation HV Vickers hardness HVC hydrovac process Hz hertz I inductor current IACS International Annealed Copper Standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005886
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... temperature and aging to produce the optimal size and distribution of γ′ precipitates. Induction processing of stainless steel and nickel-base superalloys is often accompanied by development of unique inductor geometries and flux orientations. Control of induction heating is directly related to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005877
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... It often makes this kind of modeling completely inefficient for practical engineering application. A 3-D approach is a good solution for solving some complicated problems such as induction melting of metals in a cold crucible furnace or induction heating in medical applications ( Ref 8 ). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... are macroetched during manufacturing using standard hot-acid etching procedures described in the article “Metallography and Microstructures of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels” in this Volume. Fig. 3 Fe-50Ni cold-rolled 0.03 mm strip, annealed 4 h at 1175 °C (2150 °F) in dry H 2 and furnace cooled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., cermets, ceramics, and plastics. Thermal spray processes are usually used on cold substrates, preventing distortion, dilution, or metallurgical degradation of the substrate. Thermal spray processes are line-of-sight limited, but the spray plume often can be manipulated for complete coverage of the...