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incremental sheet forming

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Radial forging Upsetting Incremental forging Rolling Sheet rolling Shape rolling Tube rolling Ring rolling Rotary tube piercing Gear rolling Roll forging Cross rolling Surface rolling Shear forming Tube reducing Radial roll forming Extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... complex forming operations, through the use of the finite element method, are also presented. axial deformation body centered-cubic sheets deformation texture finite element method forming plastic deformation rolled face-centered-cubic zirconium METALS are polycrystalline aggregates, that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications that require the mechanical properties normally obtained by heat treatment. Steel sheet is coated in coil form before fabrication either by the steel mills or by specialists called coil coaters. Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compaction, extrusion) or the working of ingot-metallurgy products (e.g., extrusion, forging, rolling, and sheet forming) ( Ref 2 ). This article reviews the current status of bulk deformation processes for some of the more common aluminide and silicide intermetallic alloys. Special attention is focused on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... generally denotes cold forming of plate, sheet, bars, beams, pipe, or angular cross section lengths into selected shapes by passing the metal workpiece between three correctly spaced rolls ( Ref 1 , 5 ). The roll forming process employs pairs of small opposed rollers to shape a cylindrical workpiece into a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... obvious approach involves modeling of the void coalescence phenomenon normally associated with ductile fracture. Another approach involves a model of localized thinning of sheet metal that has been adapted to lk forming processes. In addition to models of fracture, criteria have been developed from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of the overall development of the finite element method (FEM) and its contribution to the materials forming industry. It presents an overview of FEM methodologies and applications in the order of their usage in typical manufacturing (bulk forming process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... higher CO 2 emissions as compared to conventional manufacturing methods such as forming and machining. Thus, the demand for sustainable and green manufacturing also compels manufacturers to think more on the improvement of the efficiency of heat treatment. In the last three decades, the computer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... article also provides formulas for flat rolling, conical-die extrusion, wire drawing, deep drawing of cups from sheet metal, and bending, and formulas for anisotropic sheet materials. bending conical-die extrusion deep drawing flat rolling sheet metal forming strain strain rate stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... stress Plotting the 12 lines representing yielding in the biaxial principal stress space Forming the lower-bound isostress yield locus from the intersection of these 12 lines In general, if the rolling, transverse, and sheet normal direction are designated as r, t, and p, the six independent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... into water or rolled into a thin sheet between water-cooled rolls. When quenched in water, the frit is dried before use. When quenched in sheet form by water-cooled rolls, the sheet ordinarily is shattered into small flakes by mechanical means before use or shipment. Because porcelain enamels are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... SM, UBM, and FEM approaches in predicting force and torque in cold flat rolling. They found that each approach had its own region of superior performance. More recently, Hsu and Tzou ( Ref 6 ) compared slab and UBM approaches in modeling double-layer clad sheet compression forming. In this, the metal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... killed Structural quality Galvanized sheets Commercial quality Drawing quality Drawing quality special killed Lock-forming quality Electrolytic zinc coated sheets Commercial quality Drawing quality Drawing quality special killed Structural quality Hot...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... water. However, parts of complex shape, often with both thin and thick sections (such as die forgings, most castings, impact extrusions, and components formed from sheet) are commonly quenched in a medium that provides somewhat slower cooling. This medium may be water at 65 to 80 °C (150 to 180 °F...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... further refine the structure or may simply shape the increment into the desired form while retaining the billet structure. Similarly, ingots to be processed into sheet are often converted by cogging to the desired input size for the rolling mill. The large reductions of the subsequent sheet rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Thermomechanical processing (TMP) refers to various metal forming processes that involve careful control of thermal and deformation conditions to achieve products with required shape specifications and good properties. This article describes TMP methods in producing hot-rolled steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... die manufacture. The article discusses the critical aspects of various manufacturing elements of aluminum alloy forging, including the preparation of the forging stock, preheating stock, die heating, lubrication, trimming, forming and repair, cleaning, heat treatment, and inspection. It concludes with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramics usually require some form of machining prior to use to meet dimensional and surface quality standards. This article focuses on abrasive machining, particularly grinding, and addresses common methods and critical process factors. It covers cylindrical, centerless, and disk...