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incomplete block experiments

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the reference blocks according to applicable codes and standards. It also provides the ASME, CEN, and ISO recommendations for examination of welds. The article concludes with information on the interpretation and analysis of TOFD images with an aid of sizing algorithms. sizing algorithm time-of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... performance characteristics for film radiography, real-time radiography, and X-ray computed tomography is presented in a table. A functional block diagram of a typical computed tomography system is provided. The article discusses CT scanning geometry that is used to acquire the necessary transmission data. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... unnecessarily heavy coating films. Other problems include incomplete coverage of difficult configurations, such as the scores of scored block. Integral-colored masonry buildings may be designed with integral water-repellant additives, or they may rely on the application of surface-applied water repellant, or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... usually worthwhile to make a series of radiographs of a representative testpiece using different tube voltages and different exposures. From the results of these experiments a standard setup and exposure can be established. When there is only one opportunity to inspect a part for which there is no...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and the gas space above it, retained by refractory blocks. Typically, several different refractory types are distributed in different zones to provide optimal furnace life at the lowest total cost. Market competition continuously pushes furnaces to their operational limits, and any resulting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... in the root, scattered piping and porosity, burn-through in the root, incomplete root penetration, incomplete sidewall fusion, and cracks (which often break the inner surface in the heat-affected zone). Except for cracks and incomplete sidewall fusion, these discontinuities are amenable to detection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... applications in materials science are limited but growing. Fig. 2 Simple block diagram of a modern nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) instrument. Key components involved in generation of radio frequency (RF) and detection of NMR signal are shown. Other important components, as well as second and third RF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). Here, diffraction data are obtained over a broad d -spacing range across a number of orientations simultaneously, thereby obtaining many incomplete pole figures simultaneously. Rotation of the sample is then used to partially fill these pole figures. The large number of diffraction peaks collected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... across the die to remove loose dirt can eliminate some causes of incomplete detail in coined parts. Regular and frequent inspection of finished parts and dies is necessary to ensure that dies have not picked up stock or lubricant that can damage the surfaces of subsequently coined pieces. Another...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... requirements. Gray iron is used for many different types of parts in a very wide variety of machines and structures. Automotive applications include pistons, cylinders, cylinder blocks and heads for gasoline and diesel engines, brake drums and discs, and hardened iron for camshafts. The design of parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... composition have been proven by some Taguchi fractional multivariable experiments. The MSA process is preferred over fluoborate solution for several reasons. First, it produces a better-quality, more uniform finish. For a typical specification of a coating thickness of 7 to 20 μm (300 to 800 μin.) with a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... calibration technique used to set up the ultrasonic instrumentation. Ultrasonic standards have been designed to establish the performance of the inspection system. Procedures have been defined by ASTM for the manufacture of these ultrasonic reference blocks for longitudinal wave testing ( Ref 3 , 4...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloying elements. Where fluxes are used, incomplete skimming or separation of fluxing salts often results in contamination and salt-wetted oxide inclusions. Grain-refiner additions can be a source of inclusions. Intermetallic compound precipitation may also contribute to inclusions. Iron, chromium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... made to the bath at the end of this boil to hold the bath at the desired carbon level. This is known as a block. The heat should be tapped as soon as possible after this procedure and after the addition of any required alloying elements. Deoxidation is required for preventing the reaction of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... are usually incompletely reacted and thus lead to hydrogen absorption and potential steam reaction (see the section “Degassing of Copper Alloys” in this article). The oxidizing fluxes usually include cupric oxide or manganese dioxide (MnO 2 ), which decompose at copper alloy melting temperatures to...
Book Chapter

By Justin Heimsch
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... had its genesis in Merton Flemings' lab in 1971 with the rheological experiments done by David Spencer as part of his doctoral thesis. The discovery that shearing a semimolten metal produced potentially castable rheologies ignited tremendous interest in what would be an entirely new area of casting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-axis robot for complete automation of the cutting operation. Specially designed locating blocks or pads are cast into each casting. Contact location principles are used to provide alignment between the robot and the casting. The robot is programmed using a teach pendant device. In addition to position...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... thermocouple (T/W) in the aluminum block and the interior of the mat beside the yarn. The mat had exceeded 400 to 450 °C (750 to 840 °F), more than double the 190 °C (375 °F) value monitored by the T/W. Fig. 31 Areas of localized pitting arose in type 304 stainless steel plate material following...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... these issues with the responding metalcasting facilities. When quotations are received, they should be reviewed for completeness and responsiveness. Incomplete quotations should be returned to the sender for review and resubmission. When all the quotations have been received, they must be graded...