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in-plane shearing mode

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of composite delamination, namely, opening, in-plane shearing, and tearing or scissoring shearing modes. It discusses the characterization and analysis of delamination. The article also reviews the prediction of delamination factors, such as flexbeam fatigue life, and skin/stiffener pull-off strength and life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... where K I is the mode I stress intensity factor (explained below), τ is the shear stress, ν is the Poisson's ratio, and r is the radius. Fig. 1 Stress field normal to the crack plane in mode I, where θ = 0°. The far field stress is σ and the stress intensity factor is K I . Source: Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... plane (shear mode). Propagation on a slant plane can occur in relatively thin, tough materials at high growth rates. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 13 Aluminum alloy fracture mechanics test specimen, 6.3 mm (0.25 in.) thick. Fatigue crack at left of arrows is flat and perpendicular to side surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... linkup is restricted to the necked region of the tensile sample. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 16 Cross section through a crack that initiates on the maximum shear plane and grows as a stage I fatigue crack until it rotates normal to the maximum tensile stress range and becomes a stage II fatigue crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of transition from flat (tensile mode) fatigue crack propagation to growth on a slant plane (shear mode). Propagation on a slant plane can occur in relatively thin, tough materials at high growth rates. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 13 Aluminum alloy fracture mechanics test specimen, 6.3 mm (0.25 in.) thick...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... or tensile mode, in which the crack surface displacements are normal to the crack plane. For mode II, the sliding or in-plane shear mode, the displacement of the crack surfaces is in the plane of the crack and perpendicular to the leading edge of the crack. In mode III, the tearing or anti-plane shear mode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Compressive Tests In-Plane Shear Tests Out-of-Plane Shear Tests Mode I Test Methods Limitations of the ASTM D 5528 Mode I Method Straight-Sided Coupon Tension Tests Limitations of the Straight-Sided Coupon Tensile Methods Width Tapered Coupon Tension Tests Limitations of the ASTM D 638...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... represent amplitudes of maximum shear strain and normal strain to this plane for each case. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 4 Correlation of case A and case B completely reversed fatigue data for (a) Inconel 718 and (b) 1045 steel. The Fatemi-Socie-Kurath (F-S-K) and McDowell-Berard (Mc-B) correlations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the effects of these terms. Most panel buckling codes, and all finite element codes, can analyze combinations of in-plane compression (axial or biaxial) and shear loads. Some computerized buckling analysis tools will predict the shear crimping instability mode. This mode occurs when the core shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... (a) G 12 Shear modulus in the 1–2 plane G 13 Shear modulus in the 1–3 plane (a) G 23 Shear modulus in the 2–3 plane X 1 t Tensile strength in the fiber direction X 2 t Tensile strength transverse to the fiber X 3 t Tensile strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Composites Using the Four Point Bend End Notched Flexure (4ENF) Specimen Mode 2 fracture Z 8297Z In-Plane Shear Strength of Sandwich Panels In-plane shear Z 8300Z Static Energy Absorption Properties of Honeycomb Damage resistance (a) The “Z” designation denotes standards that have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creates elongated dimples that face in the same direction on both halves of the fracture surface. Mode II (in-plane shear) loading creates dimples that point in opposite directions on the two halves of the fracture surface. Mode III (out-of-plane shear) loading creates dimples that are rotated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Bending loading creates elongated dimples that face in the same direction on both halves of the fracture surface. Mode II (in-plane shear) loading creates dimples that point in opposite directions on the two halves of the fracture surface. Mode III (out-of-plane shear) loading creates dimples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... − B T A − 1 B The interlaminar shear stiffness relative to the in-plane properties of a fiber reinforced composite is typically much smaller than for homogeneous materials. The reduced stiffness means that transverse shear effects are significant for much larger width...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of crystallographic planes parallel to the rolling plane of α-brass after plane-strain rolling at room temperature. Microstructural deformation modes for α-brass and copper at room temperature, as a function of strain. Courtesy of R.J. Asaro and A. Needleman Fig. 17 Stacking faults (bands of closely spaced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... mode I/mode III loading. The boundary between the planes y and y ′ in (a) is a tilt boundary. The boundary between the planes y and y ′ in (b) is a twist boundary. Cracks can propagate across the boundary in (a) but not in (b). See text for discussion. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 38 Ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...; axial compression,–45° plies Fig. 20 Laminate failure surface for combined in-plane extensional stress states Fig. 21 Laminate failure surface for combined in-plane extensional and shear stress states Fig. 17 Load-strain response, tensile N xx loading Fig. 18...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and not macroscale visible, while the fracture process is still microvoid coalescence. This is the case when the ductile fracture mechanism of microvoid coalescence is constrained to a plane-strain strain fracture mode (referred to as plane-strain microvoid coalescence) or occurs preferentially in the limited region...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in the plane of the reinforcement. Interlaminar fractures occur following mode I tension or fatigue loading, mode II shear or fatigue loading, flexural loading, and impact loading on the surface of the laminate. FRACTURE SURFACES are examined during most investigations of failed structural components...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... through the object plane in a similar manner by the addition of a conveyor belt. When a scanning acoustical holography system is used in the contouring mode, the transducer is focused on the surface to be contoured, with the central ray approximately perpendicular to the surface. The arrangement...