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in-plane shear tests

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... upset test The hot compression of thin ring specimens The hot plane-strain compression test, in which sheet or thin plates are indented with long narrow platens The compression test is the most general-purpose test for workability. Carrying out the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... indentation test plane-strain compression test ring compression test secondary-tension test tension test torsion test workability WORKABILITY is a complex property of a material, as indicated in the article “ Bulk Workability of Metals in this Volume.” It is difficult to isolate the intrinsic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardness testers, which can be either portable instruments or laboratory devices. Only static indentation and rebound testing are discussed in this article. These two methods account for virtually all routine hardness testing in the metalworking industry. Static indentation hardness testing is the more...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the fibers, and the shear modulus relative to the x 1 - x 2 plane, respectively. The major Poisson's ratio, as determined from contraction transverse to the fibers during a uniaxial test parallel to the fibers, is denoted by ν 12 . For laminates in which the macroscopic stress-strain relationships...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... of its lower symmetry, does not have this property to the same extent as cubic structures. Thus, hexagonal metals generally are more difficult to work mechanically. Slip does not occur with equal ease in all crystallographic directions. Each slip plane has a required (critical) shear force before...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... during a thermomechanical process. The article provides information on the thermophysical properties, which include specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density. It concludes with examples that illustrate how the various considerations in testing are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... case. At the other extreme, when α < − 1 2 , β becomes positive, and both σ 0 and σ z are tensile. When α = 0, σ z = 1 2 σ 0 , which is the stress state in plane strain. Figure 7 illustrates typical changes in σ 0 and σ z in a cylindrical compression test. Note that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... films or sheets, it is advantageous to stretch biaxially to increase tensile modulus and strength in all directions of the film plane. Tensile properties are usually measured at a constant rate of 0.5 cm/min (0.2 in./min). It is recommended by ASTM that the speed of testing be such that rupture occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... up of millions of identical unit cells assembled along three crystallographic axes. All the atoms in the crystal are thus located on planes having many orientations in three-dimensional space relative to the edges of the unit cells (crystallographic axes). In the direction perpendicular to any...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Materials with values of R greater than unity have higher strength in the thickness direction than in the plane of the sheet. The plastic anisotropy parameter can be readily measured using specimens deformed in uniaxial tension. However, caution should be exercised when making such measurements to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... sensitivity to cracklike defects; for example, GWT is sensitive to cracks lying in the radial-circumferential plane, according to the cross-sectional area seen by the wave, but only weakly sensitive to cracks lying in the radial-axial plane. More specific sensitivity information has been obtained by...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... with corners, joints, access holes, and so on. Plane shield measurements will yield the maximum available shielding effectiveness for the specified source distance. Several shielding effectiveness mechanisms exist, but in the frequency range of 30 to 1000 MHz, the electric conductivity due to electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings are portable, and testing can and is routinely done in the field. The tests listed in Table 2 evaluate two different adhesion properties, and they use different testing mechanisms. The tape and knife adhesion tests (ASTM D3359 and D6677) are used to evaluate the shear or peel strength of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... , Ref 10 ). Typical results for the effective strain developed in wedge forging are shown in Fig. 3 . Fig. 3 Finite-element-model predictions for the wedge-forging test, assuming a friction shear factor of 0.4. (a) Grid distortions. (b) Strain contours along the symmetry plane. Source: Ref 9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... sections of the die cavity. When the compacting pressure increases, and powder movement is restricted, shearing of the compact in planes parallel to the punch axis can only be avoided by proper sequencing of punch motions. Nevertheless, significant density variations can occur at the transition from one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... freestanding thin films is diminished because of the many imponderables with which the interpretation of bulge-testing data is fraught. When a specimen in the shape of a beam is bent, the portion on one side of a longitudinal “neutral” plane is strained in tension, while the portion of the other side of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... is apparent that the generation of such a mechanical texture can substantially reorient the planes of weakness into the form of a “wolf's ear,” as evidenced by tensile tests on bars prestrained in torsion ( Fig. 4 ). Rotation of the mechanical texture and the general level of inclusions may have a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of plastic film and sheeting using a variety of test assemblies, as shown in Fig. 3 (where sled A and plane B are the materials of interest). In each case the force required to move a sled across a plane is measured. A test speed of 150 ± 30 mm/min (0.5 ± 0.1 ft/min) is specified. Both the force...