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in vivo corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... discussed. The article concludes with information on the biological consequences of in vivo corrosion and biocompatibility. electrochemical method biocompatibility biomaterials chemical composition cobalt alloys corrosion iron metallic biomaterials stainless steel titanium alloy oxide-film...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomedical implant alloys are listed in a tabular form. The article presents an overview of the surface-modification methods for titanium and its alloys implants. It concludes with a section on biocompatibility and in vivo corrosion of titanium alloys. artificial heart pumps biocompatibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes mechanical/electrochemical phenomena related to in vivo degradation of metals used for biomedical applications. It discusses the properties and failure of these materials as they relate to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF). The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., complexed, or solid forms) within the body. Such effects will undermine the biocompatibility of an implant material and are the design limits that restrict the selection of metals for in vivo use more often than mechanical property concerns. Corrosion fatigue and SCC are important exceptions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes the corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and subchronic toxicity test, ISO 10993:11 Test for pyrogenicity, ISO 10993:11 (c) In vitro alternatives to in vivo tests: (a) EPISKIN Skin Corrosivity Method. (b) Hen's egg test-chorioallantoic membrane, or HET-CAM, test. (c) Limulus amebocyte lysate, or LAL, test. Source: Ref 61...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... For example, cleaning of explanted Nitinol stents in bleach-containing solutions may have resulted in erroneous findings of in vivo corrosion ( Ref 5 ). Most importantly, adequate precautions must be undertaken to avoid illness or infection during explant handling. Ultrasonic cleaning should be done...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for implant corrosion in vivo , although by no means the only ones. The internal body electrolyte has the equivalent of 0.9% NaCl in solution. Gases dissolved in body fluids can also play an important role in implant tribocorrosion because of their influence on pH. The pH is homeostatically regulated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and in vivo corrosion resistance are most suitable for orthopedic implant applications, because they are subjected to significant musculoskeletal forces and aggressive biochemical environments. A significant concern regarding the use of metals for orthopedic and cardiovascular implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of microstructural constituents must also be considered as possible causative factors in traumatizing and damaging tissue. However, no data have related in vivo galvanic currents from dental restorations to tissue damage. The released metallic ions from corrosion reactions can interact with the oral tissues...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... from human patients. Some of the corrosion measurements can be performed on specimens implanted in living tissues ( in vivo ) of animals, but the purpose is usually research rather than corrosion performance evaluation. An important feature of the corrosion behavior of most metallic implant materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... resulted in the substitution of molybdenum for tungsten in the 1930s. This change also proved beneficial for improving corrosion resistance in Cl − -containing environments such as occur in vivo , making practical the use of cobalt loys for long-term (permanent) in vivo placement. Implants made...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... simulators and knee joint simulators, to evaluate the performance of engineering tribological components in machine simulators. The article concludes with a section on the in vivo assessment of total joint replacement performance. ceramics friction hip joint simulators in vivo assessment knee joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... debris (and ions) is produced through one of two mechanisms: wear or corrosion. However, the vast majority of implant debris is released in the form of particles ( Ref 3 , Ref 4 , Ref 5 , Ref 6 , Ref 7 ). In fact, of all the factors attempted to be correlated with implant failure, wear rate alone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Polymorphonuclear Leucocytes; Its Relevance to Infection after Total Joint Arthroplasty , Biomaterials , Vol 4 , 1983 , p 175 – 180 13. Rodrigues D.C. , Urban R.M. , Jacobs J.J. , and Gilbert J.L. , In Vivo Severe Corrosion and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Retrieved Modular Body...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... or due to chemicals leaching out, toxicity to surrounding cells (cytotoxicity), narrowing of blood vessels (restenosis), or blood clotting on contact (thrombosis). To assess these parameters, the screening tests consist of chemical, in vitro (in glass) and in vivo (in life) experiments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract In the field of medical device development and testing, the corrosion of metallic parts can lead to significant adverse effects on the biocompatibility of the device. This article describes the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It reviews the response of implant metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... responses to the biomaterial. It discusses the testing methods of implant failure, such as in vitro and in vivo assessment of tissue compatibility. biomaterials biomedical devices cardiovascular applications ceramic implants dental applications functionally-graded hip implant implant failure...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... superseded by tungsten. Currently, elemental tantalum is used primarily in precision electronic components such as capacitors and high-power resistors, electrodes for use in corrosive environments, and in the lining of reaction vessels. In alloyed form, tantalum is added to steel and other metals to raise...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article reviews the understanding of corrosion interactions between alloys in complex geometries and in applications where there are significant cyclic stresses and potential for wear and fretting motion. These alloys include iron-base, titanium-base, and cobalt-base alloys...