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implant materials

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... biocompatibility ceramics medical implants metals nonresorbable polymers polymers resorbable polymers ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene IDEALLY, THE DESIGN AND MATERIALS of which an implant is fabricated should accomplish the defined clinical objective. The local tissue response should produce a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal/coating due to the limitations of traditional porous metals for numerous open-cell-structured metals, such as titanium-base foams and trabecular metal. cancellous-structured titanium cobalt-chromium beads fiber-metal mesh joint replacement metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... composites. A discussion on natural materials, nanomaterials, and stem cells is also provided. The article concludes with information on examples of biomaterials applications, including endovascular devices, knee implants, and neurostimulation. biocompatibility biomaterials cardiac pacemakers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... inert crystalline ceramics, porous ceramics, calcium phosphate ceramics, and bioactive glasses. The article discusses the compositions of ceramics and carbon-base implant materials, and examines their differences in processing and structure. It describes the chemical and microstructural basis for their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , Gilbert J.L. , Rice S.B. , Jasty M. , Bragdon C.R. et al. , Characterization of Solid Products of Corrosion Generated by Modular-Head Femoral Stems of Different Designs and Materials , Modularity of Orthopedic Implants , STP 1301, Marlowe D.E. , Parr J.E. , and Mayor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The interaction of an implant with the human body environment may result in degradation of the implant, called corrosion. This article discusses the corrosion testing of metallic implants and implant materials. The corrosion environments for medical implants are the extracellular human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., namely, total disc replacement in the spine, dental implants, and temporomandibular joint. It describes the various testing methods for characterizing the implant materials used in hip, knee, spine, and dental applications. The article also describes the typical standards used for testing wear behavior...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications of metallic biomaterials. A table compares the mechanical properties of some common implant materials with those of bone. The article also provides information on coatings, ceramics, polymers, composites, cements, and adhesives, especially where they interact with metallic materials. basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and particulate materials to corrosion. The effect of metal ions from an implanted device on the human body is also discussed. The article concludes with information on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility corrosion metallic biomaterials metal ions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response to severe corrosion of implant and particulate materials. It provides a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Ion implantation involves the bombardment of a solid material with medium-to-high-energy ionized atoms and offers the ability to alloy virtually any elemental species into the near-surface region of any substrate. This article describes the fundamentals of the ion implantation process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in vitro degradation testing of hydrolytically degradable ymer resins and fabricated forms for surgical implants _x000D_ x000D_ ISO 15814:1999, implants for surgery—copolymers and blends based on polylactide—In vitro degradation testing _x000D_ Polylactic acid = polylactide. Pure L form (PLLA), poly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... , July 1985 , p 39 – 42 72. Mattox D.M. , Ion Plating , Surface Engineering , Vol 5 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1994 , p 582 – 592 73. Hirvonen J.K. and Sartwell B.D. , Ion Implantation , Surface Engineering , Vol 5 , ASM Handbook , ASM International...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... inherently good thermal insulators; the inclusion of 8 to 15% porosity further increases their insulating properties. Porosity also increases thermal shock and thermal cycling (fatigue) resistance. Medical implant prostheses are another useful application of porous coatings, where as much as 40% porosity is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Baschenko Y.V. , Application of Ceramic Composites as Implants: Result and Problem , Conf. Proc. Bioceramics and the Human Body ( Faenza, Italy , 2–5 April 1991 ), Elsevier Applied Science, Essex, U.K., 1992 , p 206 – 210 10.1007/978-94-011-2896-4_26 27. Barinov S.M. and Malkov...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes that are atomistic in nature, that is, the deposition species are atoms or molecules, or a combination thereof. Other vapor-transport processes include the physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques, such as vacuum, evaporation, sputtering, ion plating, ion-beam assist, arc, and ion implantation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... asset in applications in which lightweight materials can assist in the efforts to reduce vehicular mass. Along with aluminum, the alloys of magnesium and titanium are excellent candidate materials for aerospace and vehicular applications because they offer the promise of lightweight structural...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-distribution systems Wear resistance: many applications, from plowshares and ore-crusher jaws to gear teeth and cam surfaces. Biocompatibility: prosthetic devices and dental implants/alloys These are only a few examples of applications where a requirement for one or two properties of special...