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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on the application of image processing and analysis to materials characterization. adaptive segmentation contour-based segmentation digital files digital imaging image acquisition image analysis image processing image representation image segmentation light microscopy material characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... 90 47,713 24.1 66.9 45–50 1 10 100 65,450 33.1 100.0 Note: Both the probability density function and cumulative distribution function representations are given. Commonly encountered sieve sizes used in powder-bed fusion and directed-energy deposition additive manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... representation of a physical system or process. The use of modeling can be a very powerful tool for information pertaining to the reconstruction of an accident. Whether the modeling consists of simple mathematical modeling of a physical system or more complex computer modeling of a system or part, the results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... sections (which contained both spatial and crystallographic information). Visual representations of 3-D data sets, such as microstructural data via optical or SEM images or crystallographic data via EBSD, obtained through serial sectioning, have continued to improve with advancements in computer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... capabilities Motion Limited; sensitive to image blurring Good qualitative capabilities Edges/regions High-contrast image required Highly developed Image shapes Good quantitative measurements Qualitative only Image organization Special software needed; limited capability Highly developed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... (image of STOE IPDS II instrument); (c) combination of three-circle χ goniometer and curved image plate detector (image of Rigaku R-Axis Rapid II instrument) Fig. 7 Polyhedral representation of the Cs 2 [(UO 2 ) 2 (SeO 4 ) 3 ] crystal structure: (a) view along the layers, and (b) projection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... software Table 7 Microstructural imaging software Inputs: images from optical microscopy, electron microscopes, x-rays, etc. Outputs: image quantification and digital representations. Software name Function or process applications Vendor or developer URL 3D-DOCTOR 3D-DOCTOR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... schedule developer from the WELDEXCELL system Fig. 9 Neural-network-based seam-tracking system. (a) System utilizing a CCD array camera tracking a clear image. (b) System utilizing a CCD array camera tracking an image with simulated smoke and spatter from a FCAW process Fig. 6 WELDHEAT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the source and accurate representations of the thermal energy transferred from the weld bead to the rest of the weld joint are not important. The fundamental simplified heat-source model is developed for a flat plate of infinite extent bounded by the planes z = 0 and z = h . Heat is input at a point...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Fig. 9 Image calibration. Spacing between line segments of the micrometer reticle is 0.01 mm. Consequently, the segment length of 420 pixels corresponds with the distance of 0.1 mm. Fig. 3 Gray-scale images of microstructures (left) and binary representations of selected features (right...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Position for evaluation of the experiment and simulation must coincide in the range of scatter of the experimental data. Interpolation nodes of the meshed model may be necessary. Indication of the scales and ranges of values All scales and ranges of values that are important for the representation must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Serial-Sectioning Case Study Examples Focused Ion Beam Tomography Sectioning Case Study Atom Probe Tomography Principles of Atom Probe Tomography Methods of Representation X-Ray Microtomography General Concepts Transmission Tomography Phase Contrast Imaging Edge Contrast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the analytical features, coupling the x-ray detector to the display system of an SEM allows chemical “maps” to be obtained that can provide excellent visual representations of elemental and/or phase segregation. The need by industry for a quick and easy method to test chemical compositions for quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... using both Polar ( R ,θ) and Cartesian ( X,Y ) representation Fig. 3 Thermoelastic stress analysis (TSA) results from fatigue cycling of open hole aluminum specimen. Data is subdivided into (a) X -data, (b) Y -data, (c) magnitude, and (d) phase as described in the section “ Thermoelastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... 13 Current density ratio versus nondimensional radius. Time, 2 cycles; R c , radius of contact. Source: Ref 33 Fig. 14 Joule heating rate ratio versus nondimensional radius. Time, 2 cycles; R c , radius of contact. Source: Ref 33 Fig. 3 Superposition of image sources...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... camera mounted vertically on an enlarger (or equivalent) stand. The longest-focal-length lens that will conveniently give the desired magnification to fill the image area should be chosen. Simple basic setups that should be satisfactory for photographing specimens and most small parts are shown in Fig...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The geometric relationships of source, object, and screen to each other determine the three main characteristics of the shadow—the degrees of enlargement, distortion, and unsharpness (see Fig. 6 ). Fig. 6 Schematic representation of the effect of geometric relationships on radiographic image from point...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that will conveniently give the desired magnification to fill the image area should be chosen. Simple basic setups that should be satisfactory for photographing specimens and most small parts are shown in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1 Basic setups and lighting used to photograph fracture specimens and small parts. (a) General...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... that must be machined. Unfortunately, traditional documentation usually consists of transferring those ideas into two-dimensional (2D) representations. To automate production, the 2D drawing must be reinterpreted and, in a certain sense, recreated as a 3D part for the purposes of creating an NC part program...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... D. , and Schwartz K. , “Amorphous Selenium Direct Radiography for Industrial Imaging,” American Society for Nondestructive Testing Fall Conf. , 11–15 Oct 1999 ( Phoenix, AZ ) 58. Cormack A.M. , Representations of a Function by Its Line Integrals, with Some Radiological...