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identification and sorting methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... important to foundries because they typically do not use ladle refining technology. The other purpose served by separation is the recovery of additional products that are valuable and can be recycled. Two separation methods commonly used for iron and steel scrap are hand sorting and magnetic separation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Capabilities Thickness gaging: some composition testing Thickness gaging Thickness gaging; grade sorting Defects only Defects only Source: Ref 1 Comparison of some nondestructive testing methods Table 2 Comparison of some nondestructive testing methods Method Characteristics detected...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the equipment and procedures used for small-scale and large-scale scrapping operations. identification and sorting methods recycling of metals scrap metals scrap processing WHILE RECYCLING might appear to be a modern concept to the average layperson, it has been in practice in the metals industry...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... understands the history of the component, so that it may be prepared for analysis properly. This article also describes some special analytical techniques, including field composition checkers and some nondestructive methods that can be used for in-process sorting that becomes necessary when a failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006953
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... ( Ref 23 ) are global volumetric, or whole body, comparative methods. This means that the identification of off-nominal or defective parts is possible, but the location of defects in the parts is not possible. Because RUS is a comparative method, the identification of defective parts requires reference...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... This generally represents more hand sorting and added handling costs. Overall, the market infrastructure for plastics recycling is not nearly as well developed as the secondary materials market for many metals, and partly because of the difficulties in identification and other problems listed above...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... generally needed to resolve or avoid future wear failures. The characterization enables the sorting and identification of appropriate information on wear behavior, model development, and selection of wear data. The most useful method of characterization is to classify the situation in terms of broad types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Identification of alloys using quantitative chemical analysis is an essential step during a metallurgical failure analysis process. There are several methods available for quantitative analysis of metal alloys, and the analyst should carefully approach selection of the method used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of going through a feed stream and removing desirable items by hand, putting them into separate bins for later processing. It was the first method ever used for sorting garbage or scrap and continues to be popular. The most widespread use of hand sorting is the initial processing of household waste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The characteristics of prepreg and ply cutting methods are presented in a table. prepreg cutting ply cutting kitting nesting MANUFACTURING PROCESSES for advanced composites share common attributes. Fibers and resins are engineered, and raw materials are cut, shaped, and cured to meet the performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... was made to use parallelization of hardware. Fig. 6 The Pointer broadband optimizer using the smooth topology setting on differentiable functions is compared to the most efficient method. Test problems are sorted by the minimum number of function calls required by any method using the benchmark set...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... location can be added to the tool. Finding or locating a tool should be as easy as finding a book in a library. The 5S is a method for organizing and maintaining order in a workplace to reduce waste and optimize productivity. The westernized terms are sort (seiri), set in order or straighten (seiton...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the modes of operation, physical basis, sample requirements, properties characterized, advantages, and limitations of the characterization methods used to evaluate the physical morphology and chemical properties of component surfaces for medical devices...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., product service, and disposal. Landfilling is still the primary method of final disposal, and incineration is another option, but recycling has become a viable alternative. The article presents a comparison between secondary and tertiary recycling. high-density polyethylene (DHPE) plastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., the article highlights the state of the art in the MS detector technology. gas chromatography/mass spectrometry Overview MASS SPECTROMETRY (MS) is a technique that is used to analyze molecular mass and molecular structure for qualitative compound identification and/or quantitative analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... are collected and identified. Spot test kits for alloy identification and sorting are available. Finally, qualitative versions of separation techniques, such as paper chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography, have been designed. Table 5 lists qualitative methods, and applications are cited in Ref 15...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... by reducing noise or applying a bilateral filter. The last method smooths the image color value of a pixel by incorporating intensity values from adjacent pixels using a Gaussian distribution as a blend factor. Edge Detection Edge detection is a type of image segmentation focusing on the identification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... spectroscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The article describes the methods for molecular weight assessment and mechanical testing to evaluate plastics and polymers. The descriptions of the analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods for cast iron are used to ensure that the parts supplied perform as required by the purchaser. This article focuses on the principal nondestructive methods used to inspect for anomalies in cast irons and to determine if the volume, shape, size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... pattern produced by every crystalline phase. Much as a fingerprint is unique for each person, the diffraction pattern can act as an empirical fingerprint for that phase, and qualitative identification of phases can be accomplished by pattern-recognition methods, most of which are based on heuristic...