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identification and sorting methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article considers the two primary methods used for ultrasonic inspection: pulse-echo and the transmission methods. Pulse-echo inspection can be accomplished with longitudinal, shear, surface (Rayleigh), or Lamb (plate) waves using a diverse range of transducers. The article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... aspect of NDT, there are also other important application areas for these methods. These include leak detection, metrology, structure or microstructure characterization, stress/strain response determination, and rapid identification of metals and alloys. Each of these is briefly described in the...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... equipment and procedures used for small-scale and large-scale scrapping operations. identification and sorting methods recycling of metals scrap metals scrap processing WHILE RECYCLING might appear to be a modern concept to the average layperson, it has been in practice in the metals industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article endeavors to familiarize the reader with a selection of different ionization designs and instrument components to provide knowledge for sorting the various analytical strategies in the field of solid analysis by mass spectrometry (MS). It begins with a description of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., and finished products to ensure that certain standards are met Identification of parts by sorting them into groups Guidance and control applications, such as controlling the motion of a robot manipulator Examples of each of these three areas are listed in Table 3 . Table 3 Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Identification of alloys using quantitative chemical analysis is an essential step during a metallurgical failure analysis process. There are several methods available for quantitative analysis of metal alloys, and the analyst should carefully approach selection of the method used. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Identification of organic and mineral bulk material compounds Identification of constituents of embedded particles Mapping and depth profiling distribution of organic constituents This method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... identification using XRPD is based on the unique pattern produced by every crystalline phase. Much as a fingerprint is unique for each person, the diffraction pattern can act as an empirical fingerprint for that phase, and qualitative identification of phases can be accomplished by pattern-recognition methods...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a description of the comminution process (wet and dry milling methods), it discusses batching and mixing operations and granulation methods. The article also deals with the effect of process variables and the steps involved in chemical synthesis, including preparation from solution and gas-phase...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is defined. For example, introducing an alteration that requires welding of a heat treated steel cavity will upset the steel metallurgy in the weld area and degrade the tool life. Given this information regarding the tool life, the OEM may elect to pursue another method for achieving the alteration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...,” describes proper procedures associated with preapplication and addresses factors affecting application of coatings; application methods; shop coating; repair of damaged, intact coatings; application procedures for generic groups of coatings; curing and handling of coatings; inspection; and safety and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... manufacturing method, manufacturing constraints, product material and size, and cost, among others. Refer to other sections of this Volume for in-depth discussions of NDT methods. Reasons to use NDT methods include: Detection and evaluation of flaws Measurement of dimensions Sorting mixed stock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., the article highlights the state of the art in the MS detector technology. gas chromatography/mass spectrometry MASS SPECTROMETRY (MS) is a technique that is used to analyze molecular mass and molecular structure for qualitative compound identification and/or quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... solubility or metallic surfaces that are separated by an oxide or some sort of protective boundary film, tearing will take place at the junction, and the surface damage and material loss during wear will be minimal. However, when tearing occurs inside the material—and as shown by numerous investigations on a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... associated directions as well as the maximum shear stresses and the planes on which they act is described. Separation of the stress tensor into hydrostatic and deviatoric components also is examined. The method or tools of stress analysis may vary. In some instances of simple geometry and loading, stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... shredder. There it is shredded and compressed into strips that emerge on another conveyor. In the fourth step, the materials are sorted by type using a magnetic separator, induction, and air to blow off the lighter materials. This process has reduced the nonrecyclable residue in a typical car from 25...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and process design stage as shown in Fig. 1 ( Ref 3 ). By planning for quality, the goal is to prevent mistakes from occurring instead of relying on the old tried and true method of detecting issues. This is not to say that prevention of every issue can be achieved, as sometimes this may not be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the damage should include a scale marker of some sort, be it a scale rule, a coin, or an instrument such as a pen. For large objects such as a tank or pressure vessel, having a person standing beside them when they are photographed can serve the same purpose and allows an impression of the size to...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... length, cooling water flow rates, method of mold cooling, water distribution, mold length, casting rate, ingot size, metal temperature, and alloy. Molten metal initially flowing into the space created by the mold and bottom block solidifies on contact. The thin shell of solidified aluminum on the mold...