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hydroxide melts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Specific examples of the types of corrosion expected for the different metal-fused salt systems are also provided. The metal-fused salt systems include molten fluorides, chloride salts, molten nitrates, molten sulfates, hydroxide melts, and carbonate melts. The article concludes with information on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract True alkaline chemicals include caustic soda or sodium hydroxide (NaOH), caustic potash or potassium hydroxide (KOH), and soda ash or sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 ). This article reviews alkaline chemicals and provides a basis for a general discussion on various alkaline exposures. It...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article describes the casting characteristics and practices of copper and copper alloys. It discusses the melting and melt control of copper alloys, including various melt treatments to improve melt quality. These melt treatments include fluxing and metal refining, degassing...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the most common methods of melting steels, namely, electric arc and induction melting. It describes the classification of refractories by an index of the “basicity” of the slag formed on the steel surface. The steel melt refinements are classified as treatments...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The large majority of the commercially important glasses are processed from a carefully calculated batch of raw materials that is then melted in special furnaces. Providing an introduction to melting practices of glass production, this article focuses on various finishing methods of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the liquid melt. The article describes the macrostructure and dendrite morphology of primary austenite. Eutectoid transformation in the solid state causes the transformation of austenite to pearlite and/or ferrite, producing the as-cast structure. The article discusses the observations of the graphite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Tin is a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal that is most widely known and characterized in the form of coating. This article discusses the primary and secondary production of tin and explains the uses of tin in coating, namely tinplating, electroplating, and hot dip coatings. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of curable adhesives used for medical device assembly, including acrylics, cyanoacrylates, epoxies, urethanes, and silicones. Other forms of adhesives, such as hot melts, bioadhesives, and pressure-sensitive adhesives, are also discussed. Adhesives are used for medical device assembly, hard-tissue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... that significantly affect the fracture propagation rate and fracture appearance. The external environment includes hydrogen, corrosive media, low-melting metals, state of stress, strain rate, and temperature. The mechanism of stress-corrosion cracking in metals such as steels, aluminum, brass, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article describes the chemistry of phenolic resins and reviews their characteristics and properties for various composites fabrication processes. The fabrication processes include solution/hot-melt process, pultrusion, vacuum infusion, filament winding, sheet molding, and hand lay...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... Potassium hydroxide etchants have been used in the laser-enhanced etching of (111) silicon and an alumina-titanium carbide ceramic ( Ref 4 ). This method differs from other etching schemes in that laser irradiation causes local melting and some vaporization while the workpiece is submerged in the liquid...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the pattern materials used in investment casting. It describes patternmaking process, pattern tooling, and pattern and cluster assembly. The article provides information on melting equipment, casting methods, and the inspection and testing of investment casted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., refining, and melting. It also discusses the primary and secondary fabrication of zirconium and hafnium and its alloys. The Article talks about the metallurgy of zirconium and its alloys with emphasis on allotropic transformation, cold work and recrystallization, anisotropy and preferred orientation, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... 19.3 10.22 Melting point, °C (°F) 3410 (6170) 2622 (4750) Boiling point, °C (°F) 5900 (10,650) 4800 (8672) Specific heat, J/kg · K (Btu/lb · °F), at 20 °C (68 °F) 140 (0.033) 270 (0.065) Thermal conductivity, W/m · K (Btu/ft · h · °F), at 20 °C (68 °F) 130 (75) 155 (89...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Boiling <0.05 2 Potassium ferrocyanide, all concentrations Room Attacked Potassium hydroxide, all concentrations (b) 300 570 <0.05 2 Potassium hydroxide, melt (b) 350 680 <0.05 2 Potassium nitrate, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Potassium nitrate, melt 335...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... temperature. Source: Ref 1 Cast cobalt alloys are produced by electric or induction melting under a protective atmosphere, and for cutting tool applications they are preferably cast in permanent graphite molds. However, they can be cast in investment, shell, or sand molds to produce special and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... , NSC Cyanide SC, NSC, EC Hydroxide NSC , UV Hypophosphite R Phosphite SC , NSC Phosphate SC , NSC Pyrophosphate SC , NSC, PCR Tripolyphosphate SC , NSC, PCR Trimetaphosphate SC , NSC, PCR Tetrapolyphosphate SC , NSC, PCR Tetrametaphosphate SC , NSC, PCR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... these electrolytes. acid electrolytes alkaline electrolytes electrodeposited tin nonferrous metals sacrificial protection steel tin plating TIN IS A VERSATILE, low-melting point, nontoxic metal that has valuable physical properties. It alloys readily with most other metals, and it forms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... hydroxide if a suppressor is used). If spectrophotometric detection is used, the sensitivity will depend on the molar absorptivity of the species being detected. Detection limits typically range from low to mid parts per billion and can occasionally be decreased using sample concentration techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... layers can also be developed by anodizing and by treatment in steam autoclaves and in air at elevated temperatures. The most commonly formed oxide is hafnium dioxide (HfO 2 ). Because of its high melting point of 2222 °C (4032 °F), hafnium may be considered refractory. In addition to the inherent...