1-20 of 63 Search Results for

human health

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... industrial painting tasks can be exposed to numerous chemicals, some of which may be hazardous to human health. Health effects from long-term exposure can include damage to the skin or internal organs (e.g., brain, lungs, and kidneys) as well as various types of cancer. At high enough exposures, for example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... materials and human health hazards. However, this is not the case with exposure to coal tar and coal tar pitches. Those materials pose definitive and well-established human health hazards. However, as with asphalts and, for that matter, most other solventborne coatings, these health hazards can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... arises from concern with the possible effects of metal contaminants on human health. Although the general perception is that these health effects are completely understood, the reality is that our knowledge is extremely limited. It is only when metals are present in high concentrations and in very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... extracted from concentrated ore sources, is what makes it so inexpensive. In addition, the human body contains approximately 4.5 g of iron. The average adult human requires 10 to 20 mg of dietary iron each day to maintain good health. This human requirement, coupled with the vast abundance of iron around us...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings, namely, PVDF, polyvinyl fluoride, and polytetrafluoroethylene. It focuses on general properties, polymerization, resin types, coating formulation, technology of organic coatings, coating properties, and health and related safety considerations of PVDF. The article describes the application and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., nickel-manganese alloys, and nickel chromium binary and ternary alloys. It also includes information on the environmental, health, and safety considerations for these nickel-base alloys. health and safety considerations nickel alloy plating nickel-chromium plating nickel-cobalt plating nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... material, compatibility (metallurgical, chemical, and human), and acceptability (fluid properties, reliability, and stability). The article also describes various application methods of cutting fluids and precautions that should be observed by the operator. cutting fluid selection cutting oils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Ultrasonic cleaning involves the use of high-frequency sound waves that is above the upper range of human heating, or about 18 kHz, to remove a variety of contaminants from parts immersed in aqueous media. This article describes the process, design considerations and the equipment in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and product manufacture, use, recycling (including design for recycling), and disposal. The other major factors considered include evaluation of the current state of the art for a given design, designing to codes and standards, and human factors/ergonomics. design factors design for quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... (c) Limulus amebocyte lysate, or LAL, test. Source: Ref 61 Clinical trials on human subjects can begin only after a ceramic has successfully passed the necessary in vitro tests and in vivo animal studies and Health Authority or Ethics Committee approval has been granted in the country...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Biomaterials are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. This article primarily focuses on metallic materials. It provides information on basic metallurgy, biocompatibility, chemistry, and the orthopedic and dental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... possible chemical leachables ( Ref 6 ). The purpose of extraction of a medical device, with regard to chemical characterization, is to provide a suitable test sample to demonstrate the hazard potential (hazard identification) of the leachables and for use in conducting human health risk assessments of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and human health and on resource reserves are determined. Impact analysis is, at this time, a poorly developed stage of LCA. Although some impact analysis methods have been advanced as either complete or partial approaches, none have been agreed upon. Nevertheless, an approach to impact analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... that are intended to protect human health and the environment. A basic understanding of these requirements will assist those who need to reduce or eliminate the environmental impact of their operations in a cost-effective manner. The federal Clean Air Act (CAA), written in 1965 and amended in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... chromium. The passive film on stainless steel and cobalt-chromium alloys is also trivalent chromium. One study ( Ref 32 ) concluded, after laboratory and animal studies of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mutation, that trivalent chromium compounds are relatively nontoxic and beneficial for human health...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... deleterious effects on cells and organisms and can generate various diseases ( Ref 9 ). Figure 1 illustrates a range of human health problems that are related to the presence of ROS. This is why understanding the origin of the mechanism of these reactive species is a subject of great interest for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... advanced sensing instrument and the brain as the processor of the information acquired. The ability of the human eye to function effectively depends primarily on the inspector’s state of health (which includes physiological and psychological state). The eye operates in a specific range of the spectrum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... handling of dry nanomaterials, which can easily become airborne. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission currently are collaborating in a worldwide research effort to assess any potential impacts of nanomaterials on human health and the environment. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... proactive approach is the development of a product stewardship program. Such a program informs users of possible hazards and tells them how products should be used to avoid undue health, safety, and environmental risks. The program should cover the entire life cycle of a product. For instance, under the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chemical 0.762 0.030 3 Furthermore, lead runoff is an important issue because of the possible adverse effect on human health. Modern structures may use considerable quantities of lead for aesthetic purposes in the form of leaded-copper sheeting. An analysis of precipitation runoff from high...