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human factors

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract The central approach of human factors engineering is the systemic application of relevant information about human characteristics and behavior to the design of human-made objects, facilities, and environments that people use. This article focuses on the elements...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the earth and product manufacture, use, recycling (including design for recycling), and disposal. The other major factors considered include evaluation of the current state of the art for a given design, designing to codes and standards, and human factors/ergonomics. design factors design for quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract Any threat to personal safety should be regarded as a hazard and treated as such. This article discusses threats from several sources, such as kinematic/mechanical hazards, electrical hazards, energy hazards, human factors/ergonomic hazards, and environmental hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that is analyzed from the human factors viewpoint and details the preventive measures of the defects, with examples. It presents four paramount questions relating to the probability of injury which are asked even when one executes all possible preventive measures carefully and thoroughly. human factor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... types of engineers, including but not limited to mechanical, electrical, biomechanical, or human factors, to serve as expert witnesses and provide testimony about whether there were alleged defects in the product, the nature of injuries, and the causes of the incident. A manufacturer’s design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... C.G. , “Human Factors in Aircraft Inspection,” Compilation Part Notice ADPO10770, Defense Technical Information Center , Nov 2000 • Drury C.G. and Watson J. , “Good Practices in Visual Inspection,” Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance—Phase Nine, Progress Report, FAA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Metal contamination of the environment reflects both natural sources and industrial activity, affecting human health. This article begins with a discussion on the level of metal exposure resulting in toxicological effects, the factors influencing toxicity of metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and in phase with the utility voltage. Fig. 30 Active unity power factor ac/dc converter circuit, for actively reducing current harmonics System Design—Power Supply Selection This section discusses system parameters, software analysis—calculations, human analysis—decisions, multiple system...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., characteristics, advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... It discusses the nature of these metal surfaces and their propensity for corrosion reactions when combined with similar or different alloys in complex restrictive environments within the human body and under loading conditions. The article describes the factors that influence mechanically assisted crevice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... witness. It developed that the plaintiff's expert was not sufficiently knowledgeable about high-speed steels, although he was a competent metallurgist. Two additional examples arising from litigation are given in the article “Human Factors in Design” in this Volume. Preventive Measures What...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., there are always other levels of failures that allow the physical event to happen. For example, even a simple failure whose direct physical cause was an improper hardness value has human factors that allowed the improperly hardened component to be manufactured and used. These human factors are generally very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., is not errorless performance. It is performance without errors that have a significant effect on correct completion of the task. Related information can be found in the article “Human Factors in Design” in this Volume. Still further information can be found in Ref 31 , 32 , 33 , and 34 . Availability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damaged by heat or corrosion—is the most obvious. However, there are always other levels of failures that allow the physical event to happen. For example, even a simple failure whose direct physical cause was an improper hardness value has human factors that allowed the improperly hardened component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The damage characterization gives insight into the factors that allowed for the damage to occur, whether they are design, material process, in-service condition or human factor related. For larger components, penetrant testing (PT) and visual testing (VT) are two surface methods that are able to cover...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... environment, and in assessing human factors relevant to the application. Incorporation and integration of the qualitative factors and considerations in the application of prior art are essential for making the transition from laboratory test data to production line use. However, careful analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... 34 . These studies show a wide range of results, suggesting that how the methodology is conducted plays a crucial role in determining the POD. For example, when the inspection is conducted manually, there is opportunity for a variety of human factors to have an influence ( Ref 35 ). These depend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... so that an appropriate intake value can be established. For example, the modifying factor is derived as the product of various component uncertainty factors. One example of a commonly used uncertainty factor is the factor used in extrapolating the effects of animal studies to humans. If only limited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006855
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... ( Ref 2 , 11 ). Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human extracellular matrix (ECM); thus, gelatin has found wide application in tissue engineering, wound dressing, gene therapy, and drug delivery ( Ref 10 ). Because gelatin contains RGD sequences, it has the ability to promote the adhesion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...Abstract Abstract Machine vision, also referred to as computer vision or intelligent vision, is a means of simulating the image recognition and analysis capabilities of the human eye and brain system with digital techniques. The machine vision functionality is extremely useful in inspection...