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human body model

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... with human tissue. Initially, the biocompatibility of a polymer was based on its resistance to the demands placed on it by being in the body and relied on the polymer not responding in any adverse way so as to affect the normal body functioning. However, as devices have become more complex and functionally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... close to the head, so rather than looking at the thermal effect produced throughout the body, the distribution of the energy absorbed at the level of the user's head must be determined. A complex computer modeling and measurements on mock-ups of the human head show that the energy absorbed from a cell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... interpretation of complex, unstructured parts and scenes. An example in which human vision is superior to machine vision is the inspection of automobile body surfaces for paint quality. Human vision can easily and quickly detect major flaws, such as paint sagging, scratches, or unpainted areas, but this same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... toughness friction hardness orthodontic wires periodontal instruments pit sealants plastic denture teeth porcelain sliding adhesive wear three-body abrasion two-body abrasion wear HUMAN HARD DENTAL TISSUES (enamel, dentin, and cementum), restorative materials (metals, ceramics, and polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... arsenic in hair must be distinguished from arsenic that is deposited from external sources. Human milk contains about 3 μg/L of arsenic. Placental transfer of arsenic has been shown in hamsters injected intravenously with high doses (20 mg/kg body weight) of sodium arsenate ( Ref 32 ) and studies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The interaction of an implant with the human body environment may result in degradation of the implant, called corrosion. This article discusses the corrosion testing of metallic implants and implant materials. The corrosion environments for medical implants are the extracellular human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006855
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... dermal fibroblast) and endothelial (HUVEC) cells 37 Alginate/gelatin 3D bioprinting Tumor models Human breast cancer cell line and cancer-associated fibroblast cell line 38 Alginate/gelatin 3D bioprinting Tumor models Lung-cancer-derived cells and lung-cancer-associated fibroblasts 39...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... , Vol II , Kitagawa H. and Tanaka T. , Ed., Materials and Components Engineering Publications , 1990 , p 759 – 768 26. Barinov S.M. and Baschenko Y.V. , Application of Ceramic Composites as Implants: Result and Problem , Conf. Proc. Bioceramics and the Human Body...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Inspection The need for increased accessibility for VI started in the medical sector, where doctors had to see and observe inside the human body. The first instruments that provided internal access to the human body were endoscopes, from the Greek words “ένδον” (endon), which means “inside,” and “σκοπω...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005878
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of the necessity of such problem formulation occurs in the application of induction heating in medical treatment of human bodies ( Ref 2 ). The temperature field is a physical system described by means of the temperature of each point of a domain. There are different ways to transfer or generate thermal energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... body-in-white. automobile body-in-white cost analysis life cycle analysis material selection technical cost modeling THE SELECTION OF MATERIALS in industrial applications has always been important to product designers. This is a consequence of the fact that the selection of material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... of additive manufacturing are classified into four main categories for the medical field ( Ref 59 ): Modeling of body parts Artificial limb prosthesis Implanted devices Modeling of body tissue The first two types are outside the body. The other two types relate to inside the body ( Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... subsurface microstructure surface roughness surface topography THE WORD friction , derived from the Latin verb fricare , “to rub,” is used to describe the gradual loss of kinetic energy in many situations where bodies or substances move relative to one another. Friction can be defined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... model that could calculate the cooling curves of gray iron. His seminal paper was the first attempt to predict solidification microstructure through computational modeling and the first attempt to validate such a model against cooling curves. Nobody ever remembers the first one to be second in any human...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ( Ref 3 ). It is also necessary to ensure that the specified alloys will not introduce hard-to-control or “dirty” elements into a furnace melt when reused by the primary metal producer. For instance, if all aluminum in an automobile body ere 6xxx alloy extrusions and sheet, the scrap would have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the population has, in turn, led to a rapidly increasing number of surgical procedures involving prosthesis implantation, because as the human body ages, the load-bearing joints become more prone to ailments. This has resulted in an urgent need for improved biomaterials and processing technologies for implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... consideration in implant tribology is the fact that the implant surface and the surrounding electrolyte are modulated by an adsorbed protein conditioning film layer, which in practice may be difficult to reproduce in vitro . However, direct tribological testing in the human body is often practically impossible...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and so forth. The simulation conditions include adequate time, cost, human and computer resources, and so forth. Based on these objectives and conditions, the casting process concerned is modeled, leading to selection of the proper simulation code. Modeling is used to determine what kind of shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... knowledge about human performance into the design process to enhance product interaction and improve product safety. The field encompasses bodies of science including but not limited to: Perception of visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, and multisensory stimuli Visibility and contrast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... In the present model, the entire left-hand boundary is fixed in the x -direction, and one node is fixed in the y -direction. This is sufficient to remove the rigid body modes and to develop a bending moment at the left end as a reaction to the applied downward shear force ( Fig. 1 ) at the right-hand end...