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hot-rolled steel

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hot-rolled steel bars and other hot rolled steel shapes are produced from ingots, blooms, or billets converted from ingots, or from strand cast blooms and billets, and comprise a variety of sizes and cross sections. This article provides a brief discussion on mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Thermomechanical processing (TMP) refers to various metal forming processes that involve careful control of thermal and deformation conditions to achieve products with required shape specifications and good properties. This article describes TMP methods in producing hot-rolled steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... categories are: Low-carbon enameling steels (enameling iron replacements) Decarburized steels Interstitial free steels Titanium-stabilized steels Common cold-rolled steels Common hot-rolled steels Within each of these categories are products differing in chemical composition and/or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... agriculture. These products include bars, rods, wires, hot and cold rolled sheets, strip plates, tin mill products, steel tubes, castings, and forgings. The article also provides information on the methods used to prevent or control the rusting of ferrous materials, namely, alloying, coating, and covering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., for example, hot rolling, quenching, and so forth. This article describes the role of these factors in both theoretical and practical terms, with particular focus on the role of microstructure. It lists the mechanical properties of selected steels in various heat-treated or cold-worked conditions. In...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... hot processing, steel strip is cleaned and heated in a reducing gas atmosphere, typically a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, in order to prepare the surface for coating. Annealing of cold-rolled steel by heating above its recrystallization temperature of about 700 °C (1300 °F) is usually a part of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the various techniques for removing contaminants in the surface preparation of steel for hot-dip coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-aluminum alloy aluminum-zinc alloy coatings galvanized steel aluminized steel zinc-base coatings aluminum-base coatings zinc-aluminum alloy coatings THE MAIN REASON TO APPLY A METALLIC COATING to a steel substrate is corrosion protection. Most metallic coatings are applied either by hot dipping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrogalvanized sheet ( Tables 4 , 5 , 6 ). This occurred because of the need to make outer body panels more resistant to corrosion in hot, humid, and marine environments and in regions where there is frequent use of deicing salt. Electrogalvanized steel was selected by most automakers for its superior surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... usual finish hot rolling temperatures. The resulting mill scale is typically 10 to 20 μm (0.4 to 0.8 mil) thick. The mill scale is predominantly wustite (FeO) and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) with some quantity of hematite (α-Fe 2 O 3 ). However, wustite is thermodynamically unstable at room temperature and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Computer simulation of microstructural evolution during hot rolling of steels is a major topic of research and development in academia and industry. This article describes the methodology and procedures commonly employed to develop microstructural evolution models to simulate...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel at a higher hardness than the main part of the die or, for longer life, from one of the hot-work tool steels. For extremely high wear resistance, the plug can be hardfaced. Full inserts are generally used for shallow forgings. The insert can be of high hardness with less danger of breakage...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for the mechanical properties of selected carbon and alloy steels in the hot-rolled, normalized, annealed, and quenched-and tempered condition are provided. alloy steels alloying elements annealed steel carbon steels hot-rolled steel mechanical properties normalized steel quenched-and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... from corrosion is the largest single application for the metal worldwide. Metallic zinc coatings are applied to steels: From a molten metal bath (hot dip galvanizing) By electrochemical means (continuous electrogalvanizing and batch-process electroplating) From a molten spray of molten...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... obtained in the forming of stainless steel. However, in order to lessen the effect of springback variation on accuracy and to gain the advantage of increased ductility, the great majority of formed titanium parts are made by hot forming or by cold preforming and then hot sizing. Characteristics of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the characteristics, composition limits, and classification of wrought tool steels, namely high-speed steels, hot-work steels, cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, low-alloy special-purpose steels, mold steels, water-hardening steels, powder metallurgy tool...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... available types of hot-rolled and cold-rolled plain carbon steel sheet and strip Quality or temper Applicable basic specification number SAE-AISE grade designation Surface finish Temper-rolled; for exposed parts (a) Annealed last; for unexposed parts (a) Description Symbol Description...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... iron and carbon that contain up to 2.00 wt% C are classified as steels, while these alloys with greater than 10.5% Cr are classified as stainless steels. The austenite phase field shown in Fig. 1 is the basis for the hot workability and heat treatability of carbon steels. Single-phase austenite is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tubing is made from hot-rolled or cold-rolled carbon steel or from alloy steel strip. The welded tubing can be supplied as-welded, hot finished, or cold finished. Sizes produced by ERW range in outside diameters from 6.4 to 400 mm ( 1 4 to 16 in.) and in wall thickness from 1.65 to 17 mm (0.065...