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hot upset forgings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the operation of upset forging machines and selection of the machine size. It describes several types of upsetter heading tools and their materials. The article reviews the cold shearing and hot shearing methods for preparing blanks for hot upset forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in terms of total indicator reading for values given in text Fig. 9 Maximum stress versus mean working stress for steel with forged and machined surfaces. See Example 1 in text. Fig. 29 Machining stock allowances for hot upset forgings. (a) Hot upset forging terminology and standards...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on computer-aided design in the forging industry. Additionally, the article reviews specific characteristics, process limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of the most common forging processes, namely hot upset forging, roll forging, radial forging, rotary forging, isothermal and hot-die forging...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel forgings. It provides an overview of the mechanical properties of wrought materials. The article also includes information on the fundamentals of hammer and press forgings and the design of hot upset forgings. closed-die steel forgings hot metal hot upset forgings material selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., and machining. The article discusses the effect of forging on final component properties and presents special considerations for the design of hot upset forgings. alloy steel carbon steel forgeability forging forging die design heat treatment hot upset forgings machining  mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...” in this Volume. Upset Forging Upset forging is sometimes the only suitable forging process when an exact volume of stock is needed in a specific location of the workpiece. For many applications, hot upset forging is used as a preforming operation to reduce the number of operations, to save metal, or both...
Book Chapter

By R.J. Glodowski
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... wire rod is usually cold drawn into wire suitable for further drawing; for cold rolling, cold heading, cold upsetting, cold extrusion, or cold forging; or for hot forging. The article explains these operations, along with the several recognized quality and commodity classifications applicable to steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are the same as those used in the forging of metals in open or closed dies. See the articles “Closed-Die Forging in Hammers and Presses” and “Hot Upset Forging,” as well as the articles on the forging of specific metals, in this Volume. Capabilities The roll forging process is capable of producing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in P/M parts for high-stress applications, where pores must be minimized or completely eliminated. There are two basic forms of powder forging: Hot upsetting, in which the preform experiences a significant amount of lateral material flow Hot re-pressing, in which material flow during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003997
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forging is available in the article “Hot Upset Forging” in this Volume. Ring Rolling Ring rolling is sometimes used as a means of saving material when producing ring gears or similar ringlike parts. The techniques are essentially the same as those used for steel and are described in detail...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Source: Ref 1 . (c) Powder forged low-alloy steel. Source: Ref 2 There are two basic forms of powder forging: Hot upsetting , in which the preform experiences a significant amount of lateral metal flow during forging Hot repressing , in which metal flow during forging is restricted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... constant throughout the entire part. In other forgings, such as hot upset axle shafts, the grain size may be large in the forged flange area, while the shaft portion remains as hot rolled bar stock, with a finer grain size. Shafts such as these are sometimes used in the as-received condition, while other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... machining operations sometimes precede extrusion in order to produce a shape that can be more easily extruded. The use of hot upset forgings as the starting material is also common practice. Hot upsetting followed by cold extrusion is often more economical than alternative procedures for producing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... densification until the press stroke ends. Fig. 2 Effect of density on mechanical properties. (a) and (b) As-sintered iron. Source: Ref 1 . (c) Powder-forged low-alloy steel. Source: Ref 2 Two basic forms of powder forging are: Hot upsetting, in which the preform experiences a significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... blanks in a horizontal forging machine Forgings made by the hot upset method vary in size from 12.7 mm ( 1 2 in.) bolts to 305 mm (12 in.) flanged pipe sections for the oil industry. Production rates vary with the size of the forging and the amount of automation. Use of automatic feeds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and unloading of the machine can be carried out at that speed. The relationships illustrated in Fig. 1 apply directly to hot forging in hydraulic, mechanical, and screw presses. For a given material, a specific forging operation, such as closed-die forging with flash, forward or backward extrusion, upset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... alloys, the unsupported length of forgings must not exceed three diameters for a round shape or three times the diagonal of the cross section for a rectangular shape. The article “Hot Upset Forging” in this Volume contains more information on upsetting. Roll Forging Roll forging can be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... on specimens that were either hot upset or hot re-press forged. There were three heat treatments used in developing the properties of the prealloyed powder forged materials: case carburizing, blank carburizing, and through-hardening (quenching and tempering). Jominy hardenability curves are presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., such as turbine engine disks, from titanium alloys. More often, however, upsetting is used as a method of preforming or preshaping the workpiece to reduce the number of forging operations or to save material input, as is true for other materials (see the article “Hot Upset Forging” in this Volume). Upsetting...