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hot extruded cylinders

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... extrusion aluminum alloy 6069 hot extruded cylinders mechanical properties physical properties tensile properties Alloy 6069 ( Table 1 ) was introduced by Northwest Aluminum Co. (Direct Forge 6069) for extruded products requiring combinations of high strength, machinability, and secondary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... extrusion. The article illustrates the significance of extrusion speeds and temperatures in hot extrusion. It describes the basic types of presses used in the hot extrusion of metals. The article provides information on the characterization of extruded shapes and explains the operating parameters, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Whether or not the surface seams and decarburization can be tolerated depends largely on the severity of extrusion and the quality requirements of the extruded part. In many applications, acceptable extrusions can be produced with slugs cut from hot-rolled bars. Precision hot-rolled bars have 50% better...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... new job before it can be put into production. Example 2: Maximum Extrudability for a Complex Shape The hydraulic cylinder body shown in Fig. 4 was extruded from a solid slug in one hit. Aluminum alloy 1100, which has maximum extrudability, was required for this part because of the abrupt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... by forcing the metal through an orifice of a size corresponding to the cylinder wall. The outside diameter of the extrusion is determined by the inside diameter of the die, and the inside diameter is determined by the diameter of the plug. Components and procedures employed in extruding a cylinder blank...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-type, and multiple-ram). It further discusses the technologies used in the design of dies, terminology, and materials selection for dies for the most common hot-forging processes, particularly those using vertical presses, hammers, and horizontal forging machines. A brief section is included...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract Stretch forming is the forming of sheet, bars, and rolled or extruded sections over a die or form block of the required shape while the workpiece is held in tension. This article discusses the applicability, advantages, and machines and accessories of stretch forming. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... S 0 , diam of the extruded pin; d 0 , diam of the upset cylinder, d z , material thickness at the end of stroke; F p , punch stroke. Soruce: Ref 10 The dimensional limits of forging and rolling are summarized in Fig. 5 , which shows the limiting thickness as a function of planar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and wheels In-line skate rails Sailboat masts Tennis rackets Other Aircraft cargo containers Cargo and bicycle racks Heating elements Ladders and scaffolds Level bodies Pneumatic cylinders Railcar structures Although the term extrudability (i.e., the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of powders are shown in Fig. 2 . In the first instance where the principal material is poured loose into the extrusion container, the particle size is normally large. Lenel ( Ref 4 ) mentions that this process is used to extrude magnesium alloy pellets (particle size 70 to 450 ╬╝m). A hot container supplies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... such as extruded shapes, forgings, impacts, castings, stampings, powder metallurgy parts, machined parts, and metal-matrix composites. The article also reviews important fabrication characteristics in the machining, forming, forging, and joining of aluminum alloys. It concludes with a description of the major...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Products Wrought products are those that have been shaped by plastic deformation. This deformation, which is done by hot and cold working processes such as rolling, extruding, forging, and drawing, either singly or in combination, transforms the cast ingot into the desired product form...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to the size and contour of the mandrel. Extruded hollows may be further worked into tubular products by cold-finishing methods. Cupping and Drawing In the cupping and drawing method of making seamless tubing, a circular sheet or plate is hot cupped in a press through several pairs of conical dies, each...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...-and-extrude operations, slotting, countersinking, and cutting and lancing of tabs. The article provides information on the punch assembly, the die assembly, and the stripper and discusses the factors considered during piercing operations. It reviews the applications of the four types of blanks used in sheet...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes the extrusion process, which converts soft, plastic material into a particular form using an extruder, or screw conveyer. It discusses the two main types of plastic extruders, twin-screw and single-screw, estimation of extruder capacity, and design and operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of pressure. In basic terms, it is a melting and a forging process. The pieces to be joined are suitably heated by many electrical arcs at the joining interface until the pieces are sufficiently hot to perform an upset, thereby forging the pieces together. The process is capable of producing welded joints...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article briefly describes the production of beryllium powder and beryllium/beryllium oxide metal-matrix powder. It discusses fully dense consolidation methods: vacuum hot pressing, hot isostatic pressing, and cold isostatic pressing. Secondary fabrication operations of beryllium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to cylinders, whether extruded or rolled; longitudinal direction changes with the forging process used, as indicated in Fig. 5 (c) and 5(d) . Fundamentals of Hammer and Press Forgings Many small forgings are made in a die that has successive cavities to preshape the stock progressively into its final...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... hot pressing of powder into right circular cylinders. This remains the technique with the highest production volume, but net-shape technology is transforming the industry because of the cost advantages associated with greater material utilization. Vacuum Hot Pressing Schematic diagrams...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... consists of compressed gas cylinders, gas pressure regulators, hoses, and a welding torch. Oxygen and fuel are stored in separate cylinders. The gas regulator attached to each cylinder, whether fuel gas or oxygen, controls the pressure at which the gas flows to the welding torch. At the torch, the gas...