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hot deionized water sealing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract The sealing of the anodized aluminum is a critical process in achieving the durability and extended functionality of anodizing. This article discusses the different methods for sealing the anodic coatings produced by using sulfuric acid, namely, hot deionized water, hot nickel acetate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to achieve the optimum corrosion resistance, the amorphous aluminum oxide produced by anodizing is sealed by treating in slightly acidified hot water, boiling deionized water, a hot dichromate solution, or a nickel acetate solution. Sealing is discussed in a subsequent section of this article. Improve...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... solution. The powdered sample is mixed with a flux, such as sodium carbonate or sodium metaborate, in a porcelain or platinum crucible and heated to the molten state for a suitable period of time. The cooled melt is then taken into solution with hot deionized water. These solutions will have a high ionic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of water paths that may be bridging differences in electrical potential or voltage. Therefore, never shorten the length of any hose when replacing it. Wipe down the inside of the power supply and heat station interior every year with plain hot water and detergent to remove any loose dirt. Fan dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... and a borate to serve as a buffer and is operated at 70 °C (160 °F) ( Ref 12 ). A ten-step process includes clean, rinse, deoxidation, rinse, boil in deionized water, oxide sealing, rinse, permanganate treatment, rinse, and silicate seal. For the ten-step process, the oxide-sealing step contains aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... panel (one coat MIL P24441 F150 primer followed by one coat of formula 150 and one coat formula 151). (c) Arc-sprayed aluminum on steel, sealed/painted The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducted a long-term study of coated pilings exposed in the waters of Buzzard's Bay Maine (the bottoms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... min of spraying with 0.001 M Na 2 (SO) 4 , 2.5 min of 100% humidity, and 10 min of air drying. (c) After atmospheric exposure. (d) After immersion in water. (e) After exposure in a sealed box containing water (100% humidity). (f) After a cyclic test with 10 min of spraying with 0.001 M Na 2 (SO) 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to 20 min or until the bubbling reaction stops. Caution should be taken to avoid any water getting into the bath, or a violent reaction will occur. When the workpiece is removed from the caustic, it is rinsed immediately with a jet of hot water in order to blast off the dissolved material and attached...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... etching and silver interlayer deposition in vacuum: Wash with abrasive detergent followed by a hot-water rinse Rinse in deionized water Ultrasonically clean in ethyl alcohol Blow dry using inert gas For other fabrication methods, such as electrodeposited interlayers or foils, the base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of rinse water that should be used depends on the cleanliness requirements of the part. Those with strict requirements should be rinsed with the highest quality water, namely distilled water. Next cleanest is deionized water, then soft water (water treated with Zeolite resin), and finally tap water...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion resistance Automotive parts when electrodeposition of a primer is involved. A deionized water rinse is required after the chromic acid rinse. Phosphating Methods Phosphate coatings can be applied to a surface by either immersion or spraying, or by a combination of immersion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Water (d) 180 (24) 120–180 (16–24) 15 (2) bal 21–32 (70–90) 49–60 (120–140) (h) 1 2 –2 (i) Type 316 stainless steel (j) 5 Dichromate seal Na 2 Cr 2 O 7 ·2H 2 O CaF 2 or MgF 2 Water (d) 120–180 (16–24) 2.47 (0.33) bal 99–100 (210–212) (boiling) 30 Low-carbon steel 6 Hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... water 1.5 × 10 −2 0.6 Distilled water exposed to acid gases 0.03–0.3 1.2–12 Hot deionized water (100 °C) (14 days stagnant immersion) 16 640 Hot deionized water inhibited with 0.25 NaF 5.5 × 10 −2 2.2 Seawater 0.25 10 3 M MgCl 2 solution 300 12 × 10 3 3 M NaCl (99.99...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass spheres...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the primary or secondary cleaning. Some emulsions can be flushed off with plain water. In either case, the rinse water should be hot. Heat speeds the process and keeps the parts hot to aid drying. For applications in which absolutely no surface residue can be tolerated, deionized water must be used. Plain tap...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion. Because these contaminants are present in tap water, most processing specifications warn against its use. Even etching solutions should not be prepared using tap water. In cases where tap water is used for rinsing, the final rinses should be performed immediately in deionized water to ensure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion hazard, there are some notable exceptions. Magnesium-to-wood assemblies present an unusual problem because of the water absorbency of wood and the tendency of the assemblies to leach out natural acids. To protect magnesium from attack, the wood should first be sealed with paint or varnish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... is generally very high (>1 A/cm 2 , Fig. 5 ) as the protective film is reformed (as repassivation occurs). Fig. 5 Oxidation current density vs. time following rupture of the protective oxide on a stainless steel wire by rapid straining in hot water. A high-peak (bare-surface) current density...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... sequence Car, truck Cleaning, water rinsing, activating, zinc phosphating, water rinsing, sealing, water rinsing, drying Galvanizing line Activating, zinc phosphating, water rinsing, drying Coil coating line Cleaning, water rinsing, alkali phosphating (or alternative activating, zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Water tests Water fog (ASTM D 1735), deionized water, 38 °C (100 °F) Paint adhesion and blistering (roughly equivalent to condensing humidity) Water immersion (ASTM D 870), deionized water, 38 °C (100 °F) Paint adhesion and blistering (severe test) Salt tests Salt spray (ASTM B 117), 5...