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horizontal scanners

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... horizontal scanners induction heat treating tooth-by-tooth hardening vertical scanners SCANNERS are the most versatile and flexible of the equipment available to the heat treating industry for induction hardening, and they are the most frequently applied type of induction heat treating equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... is appropriate. The minimum size of features that can be examined is set by the Z noise floor in the vertical axis; in the horizontal axis, the minimum size is set by the electromechanical noise of the piezo scanners and by the geometry of the probe. Typically, the z -axis noise is >50 pm, and the xy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... microscopy printer quantization resolution sampling scanners scanning electron microscopy transmission electron microscopy video capture DEVELOPMENTS IN COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE have contributed to major changes in materials characterization in the last decade. Electronic acquisition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Impedance of a Long Coil Encircling a Thin-Wall Tube An impedance diagram for a long coil encircling a thin-wall nonferromagnetic tube, with reactance values plotted as ordinates (vertical axes) and resistance values plotted as abscissas (horizontal axes), is shown in Fig. 13 . When a tube being...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... pyramidal plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition Si 3 N 4 tip, (b) square pyramidal etched single-crystal silicon tip, and (c) three-sided pyramidal natural diamond tip Fig. 6 Principle of operation of the atomic force microscope. A sample mounted on a piezoelectric scanner is scanned against...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in either through-transmission or reflectance mode Airport body scanners, space shuttle foam inspection, in situ nondestructive evaluation of concrete rebar, moisture detection in composites, paint thickness Cannot penetrate conductive metals High-quality imaging can be performed at distance. No ionizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and can be used for either vertical or horizontal applications. Typical scanners are either servo or computer numerically controlled (CNC), which allows for accurate position, speed, power, rotation, and quench control. Scanners allow the part to be heat treated while moving either the induction coil...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the scan lines. Bandwidth restrictions are not as narrow as those associated with television scanners. Each scan line or raster consists of horizontally aligned picture points, sometimes termed pixels; the quantity of pixels varies somewhat among different systems. Over the viewing screen are parallel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., Ltd., in England developed the first commercial XCT system, also known as a computerized assisted tomography scanner ( Ref 6 ). Commercial CT scanners also found increased acceptance with the availability of inexpensive computing power, and industrial testing was considered an appropriate application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in.). (a) 400 kHz air-coupled. (b) 5 MHz water-coupled Fig. 11 A laser ultrasound system is composed of a generation laser, detection laser, interferometer, optical scanner, and computer controller. Fig. 17 Ultrasonic spectroscopy response of well-bonded multilayer composite. FFT, fast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... × 7 in.). (a) 400 kHz air-coupled. (b) 5 MHz water-coupled Fig. 11 A laser ultrasound system is composed of a generation laser, detection laser, interferometer, optical scanner, and computer controller. Fig. 17 Ultrasonic spectroscopy response of well-bonded multilayer composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... on the nanometer scale. For further details, see Ref 63 . One limitation of scanning probe microscopy is the small range of piezoelectric scanners (∼100 microns). This limitation is solved in most modern designs by incorporation of an optical microscope, which serves to search for the region of interest...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.9781627081900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the side opposite the stringer. (c) Sketch of the cross section of the stringer with sketch of the angular scan. (d) C-scan over the stringer following linear and angular scanning and showing many flaws in the radius area Fig. 24 Laser-ultrasonic C-scan image of part of the horizontal stabilizer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... surfaces (μ s ) F 609, Test Method for Static Slip Resistance of Footwear, Sole, Heel, or Related Materials by Horizontal Pull Slipmeter (HPS) Footwear materials versus walking surface (μ s ) F 695-81 (F-13 on footwear), Evaluation of Test Data Obtained by Using the Horizontal Slipmeter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... as the shaft diameter does not change significantly, a single induction coil can be used to harden many different parts with various lengths and shapes. The induction scanners may be vertical- or horizontal-type units. Depending on production volumes, these scanners may be single-station units, two-station...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of 69 cm (27 in.) diameter sprockets. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 23 Horizontal scan hardening of cylinder rods at 3.8 cm/s (1.5 in./s) (300 kW, at 10 kHz frequency). Source: Ref 14 Fig. 21 Example of transverse flux coil or figure showing current. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 28 Bus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of a production SLA system occurred in 1988. Hull enlisted the services of Dave Albert of the Albert Consulting Group to develop the now common STL file format for handling CAD solid models. The STL files could be sliced digitally, resulting in a stack of horizontal cross sections for fabrication. The following...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... is configured for independent computer control and monitoring of both stations. Figure 8 shows a horizontal scan-hardening system for longer axles. In this case, the workpiece is supported by both centers and retractable rollers during hardening. Fig. 7 Deep-case hardening operation being performed...