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horizontal forging machines

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., screw-type, and multiple-ram). It further discusses the technologies used in the design of dies, terminology, and materials selection for dies for the most common hot-forging processes, particularly those using vertical presses, hammers, and horizontal forging machines. A brief section is included...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses dies and die materials used for hot forging in vertical presses, hammers, and horizontal forging machines (upsetters). It reviews the properties of die materials for hot forging, including good hardenability, resistance to wear, plastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of data from actual hammer and press forgings, relating to the design (size) of horizontal corners and fillets (ribs with flat tops) Rib Fillet Web Net-forged (nf); machined (md) Height, h, in. Corner, R c , in. Width, w, in. h : w ratio Draft angle, deg Radius, R f , in. R f...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... it is oblique to the forging plane. Dimensions given in inches. Horizontal Ram Rams that operate in the horizontal direction are employed in upsetting forging machines and also in multiple-ram presses; in the latter, horizontal rams operate in conjunction with a vertical ram. A forging operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., and the associated power requirements. Horizontal forging machines or upsetters are essentially horizontal mechanical presses with dies that can be split in a direction perpendicular to the ram motion. More information on these machines is available in the article “Hot Upset Forging.” Apart from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to huge turbine rotors) usually require finishing by machining. Rotary forging and swaging on special-purpose machines produce parts of axial symmetry to much tighter tolerances (axles, gun barrels). Hot impression-die forging (sometimes termed closed-die forging) shapes the part between two die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... combining some features of hammers and upsetters. Mechanical forging presses use drive mechanisms similar to those of upsetters, although an upsetter is generally a horizontal machine. Advantages and Limitations Compared with hammer forging, mechanical press forging results in accurate close...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., can be produced, using only a fraction of the force required by competing forging processes. Vertical Rolling Machines Vertical rolling machines ( Fig. 6 ) offer more rolling force and drive power for a given capital outlay than their horizontal single-pass or two-pass counterparts. This is due...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals of broaching, including broach tooth terminology, broach cutting action, and broach size. It describes two types of broaching machines: horizontal and vertical. The article illustrates three general categories of broaches: solid, shell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... is commonly symmetrical about either a vertical axis (parallel to the direction of ram) or a horizontal axis (parallel to the forging plane). Nonsymmetrical bosses or bosses with an oblique axis are used less frequently. A boss that is centrally located on the forging and is concentric about an axis...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... All vertical centrifugal castings have more or less taper on their inside diameters, depending on the gravitational ( g ) force applied to the mold and the casting size. The inclined centrifugal casting machine bears advantages and disadvantages of both horizontal and vertical castings and can be very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Book Chapter

By B.P. Bewlay, D.U. Furrer
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... in a die, although hot forging or machining, or a combination of both, can also be used. In this article, manual spinning is described first, and power spinning is described second. For each of these techniques, the process technology, equipment, and tooling is described. Manual Spinning of Metallic...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...-spindle automatic bar and chucking machines, and multiple-spindle vertical chucking machines. Machining Centers In the late 1950s, the introduction of a single-spindle horizontal machine that could automatically change tools revolutionized the machine tool industry. An arm on the machine could...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... large to be produced economically by drilling, such as large cored holes in castings or large pierced holes in forgings. In many applications, boring is done in conjunction with turning, facing, or other machining operations. The scope of this article is limited to applications in which boring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the operation of upset forging machines and selection of the machine size. It describes several types of upsetter heading tools and their materials. The article reviews the cold shearing and hot shearing methods for preparing blanks for hot upset forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... that will be permitted on finished forgings. Finally, the designer may specify a particular flash-line surface finish, particularly if it is intended that the forging will be placed in service with the flash line in the as-trimmed condition, without additional machining or finishing. Forging Producer Controls...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in one blow in confined dies to eliminate flash formation and achieve net shapes. Thus, parts containing through holes and complex configurations can be manufactured with little or no material loss due to trimming, hole punching, machining, or grinding. Powder forging is used to obtain higher density...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract Roll forging is a process for simultaneously reducing the cross-sectional area and changing the shape of heated bars, billets, or plates. This article provides an overview of the process capabilities, production techniques, machines and machine size selection considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of a horizontal roll forming machine showing the workpiece, roller, and furnace. This unit can operate at temperatures greater than 1000 °C (1800 °F) A single roller, two diametrically opposed rollers, or three rollers (separated by 120°) can be used. Internal and external rollers can also be used...