1-20 of 38 Search Results for

hip joint replacements

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... hip joint simulators and knee joint simulators, to evaluate the performance of engineering tribological components in machine simulators. The article describes in vivo assessment of total joint replacement performance. ceramics friction hip joint simulators in vivo assessment knee joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Porous coatings are used in the field of joint replacement, particularly in cementless total hip/knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the offerings and biomaterial properties in orthopedic surgery for the contemporary class of highly porous metals. It describes the traditional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... arthroplasty is total joint replacement (TJR), where the entire load-bearing joint (mainly in the knee, hip, or shoulder) is replaced surgically by ceramic, metal, or polymeric artificial materials. As stated earlier, the problem is that not all artificial materials could be used for such purposes, only the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., physical therapy, drug therapy), surgery is often indicated to alleviate these degenerative conditions by total joint replacement, for example, which not only alleviates pain but also improves ambulation, functionality, and quality of life for millions of patients. In hip replacement, the role and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... appearance, and it competes with clear ABS because of its excellent clarity and good color. High-impact polystyrene (HIPS) has excellent processibility and competes with the lower-impact end of the ABS spectrum, although it is very deficient in chemical resistance and appearance. In fact, none of these...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... most closely matches that of the optics. Because of its unique corrosion behavior, titanium is used extensively in prosthetic devices such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart-valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip-joint replacements or bone splints. (In general, body fluids are...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... been used in joint replacement, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) as a cement (grout), and ultrahigh molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) as the acetabular cup in hip joints. Composite materials, particularly polymeric material composites, are used in dental applications, but their use is limited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal ions available to migrate into the blood stream, a characteristic of the symptoms of patients with metal on metal joints. The particle will also increase its reactivity with tissue rather than the reverse. Fixation of the femoral stem and acetabulum is a serious problem for the total hip and...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... bone graft substitutes, ingrowth surfaces in joint replacement arthroplasty surgery ( Fig.a 5 , b 5 and 6 ), and scaffolds for bone growth in spine surgery ( Ref 23 , Ref 24 , Ref 25 , Ref 26 , Ref 27 , Ref 28 ). Fig. 5 (a) and (b) Tantalum foam revision hip replacement implants. Note the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... different aspects of the prosthesis (e.g., titanium alloys for the stem of the hip replacement, due to better bone biocompatibility, and a cobalt-chromium alloy for the head, due to better wear resistance). Also, modularity allows for a large number of combinations of designs to be available with much fewer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... particle-induced proinflammatory response particulate debris soluble debris stainless steel titanium alloys NEARLY HALF TO A THIRD of elderly people in the United States will eventually require a total joint replacement of one type or another (hip, knee, shoulder, disc, etc.) to maintain mobility...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... storage vessels for toxic and/or corrosive liquids. Obviously, chemical and temperature resistance are key requirements. Biomedical applications encompass orthopedic and dental implants and prostheses and knee and hip joint replacements. The key to using advanced ceramics in these applications is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... fretting surfaces of metallic implants, even in the absence of corrosion. This is commonly observed in multicomponent implanted devices, such as total hip or total knee replacements, where the implant is under permanent and repeated oscillatory motions. As a result of these considerations, some inherent...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... replacement hips and femoral knee components. Other cobalt medical castings include acetabular cups and tibial trays as well as smaller components for shoulder, ankle, and finger joint replacement. In all cases, but especially in hip components, casting quality is imperative because parts are subjected to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., femoral head components for modular hip replacements, femoral knee implant components, acetabular shells (for hip implants), tibial trays (for knee implants), as well as femoral stem components intended for sintered porous coatings are made as castings. Other less commonly used musculoskeletal joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... acetabular cup of a total hip replacement prosthesis can be made of alumina. Alumina-on-alumina prostheses have a low coefficient of friction, superior wear properties compared to metal-on-polymer and metal-on-metal prostheses, and high scratch resistance ( Ref 19 ). However, alumina prostheses do carry a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... safety factors ( Ref 22 ). For this article, orthopaedic implants are separated into two general categories: permanent prostheses and internal fixation devices. Permanent prostheses include joint replacement devices such as hips, knees, elbows, ankles, and jaws. These devices typically include several...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in mechanism to fretting corrosion. A clinical trial in Italy ( Ref 45 ) showed no correlation between chromosomal changes in peripheral lymphocytes and metal ion concentrations in 30 patients six months after surgery. Another study ( Ref 46 ) showed chromosomal changes in 31 total hip replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... fixation. This bioactive coating is discussed later. If such inert or nearly inert devices are used for bone repair, they should be used either with press-fit to secure a very tight mechanical fit, as in total hip bone replacement therapy, or with porous microstructure in which new bone cells are invited...