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hip joint replacements

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 2 McKee-Farrar total replacement hip joint incorporating lapped-in Vitallium femoral and acetabular cup components. Stud-shaped projections facilitate installation of cup into hip bone of patient. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., namely, total disc replacement in the spine, dental implants, and temporomandibular joint. It describes the various testing methods for characterizing the implant materials used in hip, knee, spine, and dental applications. The article also describes the typical standards used for testing wear behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... simulators and knee joint simulators, to evaluate the performance of engineering tribological components in machine simulators. The article concludes with a section on the in vivo assessment of total joint replacement performance. ceramics friction hip joint simulators in vivo assessment knee joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Porous coatings are used in the field of joint replacement, particularly in cementless total hip/knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the offerings and biomaterial properties in orthopedic surgery for the contemporary class of highly porous metals. It describes the traditional...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 11 Typical components found in an unassembled total hip replacement (THR) implant. It should be noted that this is one of many artificial joint designs used in THR arthroplasty. For example, implants secured by bone cements would not be porous coated. Similarly, the ultrahigh-molecular More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... , 2005 , p 628 – 631 30. Sauve P. , Mountney J. , Khan T. , De Beer J. , Higgins B. , and Grover M. , Metal Ion Levels after Metal-on-Metal Ring Total Hip Replacement: A 30-Year Follow-Up Study , J. Bone Joint Surg. B , Vol 89 , 2007 , p 586 – 590 31...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of Total Hip Replacement , J. Bone Joint Surg. , Vol 70A , 1988 , p 1561 – 1567 10.2106/00004623-198870100-00017 46. Haag M. and Adler C.P. , Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma in Association with Hip Replacement , J. Bone Joint Surg. , Vol 71B , 1989 , p 701 10.1302/0301-620X...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... simulates the joint motion. Occasionally, only one joint surface, such as the femoral head, is replaced by an artificial component, which works against a natural articulation surface. Most joint replacements are performed on the hip. Because the normal femoral head is almost spherical, its motion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of various machines, tires, break pads, conveyors, hoppers, automobile body parts, aircraft, spacecrafts, hip/knee joint replacement, roller-skating wheels, and household appliances (washing machine, tubs, etc.). Wear of material parts is a very common cause of failure or low working life of machines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., functionality, and quality of life for millions of patients. In hip replacement, the role and functional properties of the joint must be taken into consideration when selecting the appropriate biomaterial. The hip joint has an average load that is three times body weight, and during jumping or other strenuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ( Ref 2 ). Currently, one of the main achievements in the field of arthroplasty is total joint replacement (TJR), where the entire load-bearing joint (mainly in the knee, hip, or shoulder) is replaced surgically by ceramic, metal, or polymeric artificial materials. As stated earlier, the problem...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Surface Replacement and Birmingham Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasties , J. Bone Joint Surg. Br. , Vol 91 ( No. 10 ), Oct 2009 , p 1287 – 1295 10.1302/0301-620X.91B10.22308 30. Vendittoli P.A. , Mottard S. , Roy A.G. , Dupont C. , and Lavigne M. , Chromium and Cobalt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Polyethylene in Total Joint Replacements , New Directions in Tribology , Hutchings I. , Ed., Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd. , London , 1997 , p 443 – 458 45. Unsworth A. , The Effects of Lubrication in Hip Joint Prostheses , Phys. Med. Biol. , Vol 23 , 1978 , p 253 – 268...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... Artificial joints are used to replace diseased biological joints in hips, knees, shoulders, elbows, wrists, fingers, and so on. The typical hip joint implant is composed of four components: a stem, head, insert, and shell ( Fig. 1 ). Other joints have similar components but different geometries. A stem...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... used in joint replacement, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) as a cement (grout), and ultrahigh molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) as the acetabular cup in hip joints. Composite materials, particularly polymeric material composites, are used in dental applications, but their use is limited elsewhere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... by investment casting cobalt-chromium alloys (see the section “Orthopaedic Applications—Cast CoCrMo (ASTM F75)” in this article) for joint reconstruction followed with cobalt-chromium hip caps (cup-shaped components for placement over degraded femoral heads as interpositional implants) being introduced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to migrate into the blood stream, a characteristic of the symptoms of patients with metal-on-metal joints. The particle will also increase its reactivity with tissue rather than the reverse. Fixation of the femoral stem and acetabulum is a serious problem for the total hip and also for the femoral...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Different alloys can be used for different aspects of the prosthesis (e.g., titanium alloys for the stem of the hip replacement, due to better bone biocompatibility, and a cobalt-chromium alloy for the head, due to better wear resistance). Also, modularity allows for a large number of combinations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... choice of components. Different alloys can be used for different aspects of the prosthesis (e.g., titanium alloys for the stem of the hip replacement, due to better bone biocompatibility, and a cobalt-chromium alloy for the head, due to better wear resistance). Also, modularity allows for a large number...