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high-temperature environmental attack

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and turbine sections of a steam turbine. The compressor section mainly suffers from aqueous corrosion; while in case of the combustor and turbine sections, which are made of nickel-base superalloys, high-temperature environmental attack in the form of high-temperature oxidation and hot corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... The conditions where nickel alloys suffer environmentally assisted cracking are highly specific and therefore avoidable by proper design of the industrial components. corrosion corrosive environments environmentally assisted cracking high-temperature corrosion industrial applications nickel alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... limitations. Precipitates formed along the diffusion front. Courtesy of U.S. Navy Fig. 1 Metal dusting attack on the inner wall of a stainless steel tube Abstract Abstract High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., lower alcohols, glycols, etc.) 3E Chemical atmospheric exposure, severe. Includes oxidizing chemicals, strong solvents, extreme pHs, or combinations of these with high temperatures Source: Ref 3 Absorptive wavelengths of chromophores Table 4 Absorptive wavelengths of chromophores...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Uniform Fig. 14 Type 20-20 cast High-temperature sulfidation and carburization Fig. 36 Nonferrous alloys Copper Intergranular attack Fig. 56 , Fig. 57 Copper Stress-corrosion cracking Fig. 64 , Fig. 65 Copper Localized pitting, formicary Fig. 41 , Fig. 42 Copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and the temperature is sufficiently high that there is vibrational and rotational movement of molecules of the polymer, the free radicals on opposite ends of the broken bond can become so separated that they will not recombine. A radical might pick up a hydrogen atom from an adjacent chain upon the breaking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... is often encountered in high-temperature oxidation, suggesting that the corrosion rate is determined by mass transport through the corrosion product. Actually, cases of n < 1 2 exist in mild atmospheres. Compared with carbon steels, weathering steels show very low n -values—normally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of corrosion and corrodents encountered in high-temperature processes or components Table 6 Types of corrosion and corrodents encountered in high-temperature processes or components Process components Temperature, °C Types of corrosion or corrodent Chemical/petrochemical Ethylene steam...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) will attack the bonds in a polymer chain. Depending on the material, oxygen may either form carbonyl groups or cross link. Oxidation can also occur when certain materials are exposed to ozone, which is a by-product of high-voltage partial discharge (corona). The presence of ozone, combined with oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and Behaviour of Si/Mullite/BSAS-Based Environmental Barrier Coatings Exposed to High Temperature in Water Vapor Environment , J. Therm. Spray Technol. , Vol 20 ( No. 1–2 ), 2011 , p 92 – 99 10.1007/s11666-010-9599-4 16. Jacobson N.S. , Fox D.S. , Smialek J.L. , Opila E.J...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Fig. 10 Relation between microstructural elements in a bucket tip shroud and its principal stresses Fig. 1 Metal dusting attack on the inner wall of a stainless steel tube Abstract Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than impure or natural waters. The low corrosivity of high-purity water is due to its high electrical resistance and few reducible cations. Passivity Essentially, passivity refers to the loss of chemical reactivity experienced by certain metals and alloys under specific environmental conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... , High-Temperature Corrosion of Metallic Alloys and Coatings , Corrosion and Environmental Degradation , Vol II , Wiley-VCH , 2000 , p 173 3. Rebak R.B. , Corrosion of Non-Ferrous Alloys, Part I: Nickel-, Cobalt-, Copper-, Zirconium- and Titanium-Base Alloys , Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... incinerators. Boilers are affected by stress rupture failures, waterside corrosion failures, fireside corrosion failures, and environmental cracking failures. Contamination of combustion fuel in diesel engines can cause high-temperature corrosion. Gas turbine engines are affected by hot corrosion. Refractory...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cracking Alignment, vibration, balance High cycle, low stress: large fatigue zone; low cycle, high stress: small fatigue zone Attack morphology and alloy type must be evaluated Severity of exposure conditions can be excessive; check: pH, temperature, flow rate, dissolved oxidants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... 4 Variations of iso-pH general corrosion rates of low-alloy steels. Source: Ref 23 Fig. 13 Stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels as a function of chloride and oxygen concentrations in high-temperature water. IGSCC, intergranular stress-corrosion cracking; TGSCC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., carbides, and borides. The performance of environmental barrier coatings by material type is also discussed. The article also explains the effects of oxidation and corrosion on the mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix composites. It concludes with information on high-temperature applications, wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the thermodynamics and kinetics of high-temperature corrosion. The thermodynamics of high-temperature corrosion reactions reveals what reactions are possible under certain conditions and kinetics explains how fast these possible reactions...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... factors Load exceeded the strength of the part Check for proper alloy and processing by hardness check and destructive testing, chemical analysis Loading direction can show failure was secondary Short-term, high-temperature, high-stress rupture has ductile appearance (see creep) Load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... attack Steels subject to combined high-temperature and high-pressure hydrogen. Also affects copper Irreversible chemical reactions of hydrogen with matrix or alloy elements form high-pressure pockets of gases other than molecular hydrogen. Cracking from hydride formation Transition, rare earth...