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high-strength nickel alloys

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... solution-hardening elements. Finally, unique intermetallic phases can form between nickel and some nickel alloying elements. For example, aluminum and titanium are usually added together for the age-hardening γ′ precipitate Ni 3 (Al, Ti). This enables the formation of alloys with very high strengths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-Cr-Fe phase diagram, and they are noted for good elevated-temperature strength, good workability, and resistance to corrosion and oxidation. Many of these alloys serve equally well in a wide range of both high-temperature and aqueous corrosion applications. The high nickel content provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on nickel alloying elements, and the heat treatment processes of various nickel alloys for applications requiring corrosion resistance and/or high-temperature strength. These processes are homogenization, annealing, solution annealing, solution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... quantities of chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, nitrogen, vanadium, niobium, titanium, and zirconium are used in various combinations. High-strength low-alloy steels are primarily hot-rolled into the usual wrought product forms (sheet, strip, bar, plate, and structural sections) and are commonly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) To optimize special properties, such as fracture toughness, fatigue strength, and high-temperature creep strength Various types of annealing treatments (single, duplex, beta, and recrystallization annealing, for example) and solution-treating-and-aging treatments are imposed to achieve selected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... very little is available relative to strength effects on more modern CGDS and SCDS alloys. The commercial forms of nickel and nickel-base alloys for industrial applications are fully austenitic and are used/selected mainly for their resistance to high temperature and aqueous corrosion. The industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... require softening (annealing) before additional cold work can be continued. The effect of cold work on strength and hardness is illustrated in Fig. 3 for some selected nickel alloys. Although the high strength and hardness is often useful for finished parts, it makes further cold working of unfinished...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and applications of iron-nickel low-expansion alloys (Invar), as well as other special alloys, including iron-nickel-chromium alloys, iron-nickel-cobalt alloys, iron-cobalt-chromium alloys, and high-strength, controlled-expansion alloys. It covers the factors affecting coefficient of thermal expansion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003999
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the primary constituent in a large number of alloys. These materials are in the form of nickel-rich alloys with additions of chromium and aluminum for corrosion or high-temperature oxidation resistance. Alloys with chromium, cobalt, or other solid-solution elements are used for high-strength room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... samples) or hydrogen at 35 MPa (5 ksi) and room temperature. Cross-head speed, 2.12 μ/s; notched strength ratio H 2 /He, 0.14. Fig. 828 : Fracture surface of control sample tested in helium. 4.6× Fig. 829 : Higher-magnification view of fracture surface in Fig. 828 . Note ductile failure mode. SEM, 95...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electroforming process that demand special consideration include the following. Alloy electroforming using high-strength materials, such as nickel-cobalt, cobalt-tungsten, and even more complex alloys involving tungsten and the iron group metals, has made some inroads for special applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrodeposited nickel, nickel alloys, and nickel composite coatings. Fig. 1 Variation in internal stress, tensile strength, ductility, and hardness with pH. Watts bath operated at 54 °C and 5 A/dm 2 . Internal stress is tensile (indicated by a positive number). Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Variation in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... aerospace and automotive applications due to their high strength-to-density ratio, good hardenability, excellent fatigue performance, and crack-propagation resistance. Their high strength comes from a two-step heat treatment that comprises solid-solution treatment followed by aging to precipitate fine alpha...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the oxides and nitrides that contributed to poor forgeability in earlier wrought precipitation-hardened nickel-base superalloys. Because of this reduction, alloys with such excellent high-temperature strength as Astroloy could be forged. The main characteristics of nickel-base superalloys in forging...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys are used in various applications owing to its high strength, stiffness, good toughness, low density, and good corrosion resistance. This article discusses the applications of titanium and titanium alloys in gas turbine engine components, aerospace pressure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... schedules. The article describes the metallurgical processes in grain refinement of austenite steel by hot working, such as recovery and recrystallization and strain-induced transformation. The grain refinement in high strength low alloy steel by alloy addition is also discussed. The article provides an...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications, cobalt-base high-temperature alloys nevertheless play an important role, by virtue of their excellent resistance to sulfidation ( Fig. 3 ) and their strength at temperatures exceeding those at which the γ′ and γ″ precipitates in the nickel and nickel-iron alloys dissolve. Cobalt is also used as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... 1 , θ′ 2091-T3 δ′, T 1 8090-T8, T7 δ′, S′ Source: Ref 19 All heat treatable high-strength aluminum alloys exhibit quench sensitivity. This means that as the quench rate decreases, the maximum strength also decreases. This quench sensitivity is caused by the loss of solute by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...., 4032 and 4643) have magnesium additions that make the alloys heat treatable with strengthening from Mg 2 Si. 4 xx.x Silicon The Si-Al eutectic enhances castability. If high strength and hardness are needed, magnesium additions make these alloys heat treatable with strengthening from Mg 2 Si. 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... transformation properties of the system. Excess nickel, in amounts up to approximately 1%, is the most common alloying addition. Excess nickel strongly depresses the transformation temperature and increases the yield strength of the austenite. Other frequently used elements are iron and chromium (to lower the...