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high-purity water

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Materials of construction for equipment and piping in pharmaceutical processing plants must be resistant to corrosion from the high-purity water, the buffer solutions used in preparation of the products, and the cleaning solutions used to maintain the purity of the product. The primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... that contains halide, sulfate, or nitrate ions. The article provides information on the behavior of beryllium under the combined effects of high-purity water environment, stress and chemical environment, and high-temperature environment. The compositions of the structural grades for intentionally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... lead-free. It has been shown that brasses used frequently in faucets, valves, and fittings leach lead into high-purity water ( Ref 6 ). Producing a water quality to minimize lead remains a challenging goal for every utility, and consumers are well advised to minimize lead sources within their home...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , “Resolving Electrocatalytic SCC Mitigation Issues in High Temperature Water,” paper 04668, Corrosion/04, NACE International , 2004 43. Manahan M.P. , Santucci J. , and Sipush P. , A Phenomenological Investigation of In-Reactor Cracking of Type 304 Stainless Steel Control Rod...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... reaction causes a decrease in pH, which discourages film repair and accelerates attack. The level of Cl − ions needed to initiate attack can be as low as a few mg/L (ppm) for some stainless steels in high-purity waters. The more susceptible an alloy is to general attack, the less effect there is from Cl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... reactors pitting pressurized water reactor high-strength stainless steels primary water circuits secondary water circuits steam generator denting external bolting corrosion primary circuit radiation fields A PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) is a type of nuclear reactor that uses ordinary light...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... “Stress Corrosion Cracking in Non-sensitized 316 Stainless Steel,” Information Notice 84-39, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission , Dec 7 , 1984 24. Kanazawa Y. and Tsubota M. , “Stress Corrosion Cracking of Cold Worked Stainless Steel in High Temperature Water,” Paper 237...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-accelerated corrosion oxygen pitting chelant corrosion acid corrosion phosphate corrosion corrosion-assisted cracking HIGH-TEMPERATURE WATER AND STEAM react with boiler steel to form oxides, hydroxides, hydrates, and hydrogen, but formation of a protective oxide layer, such as magnetite (Fe 3 O 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... technology is capable of providing rapid and complete oxidation of the organic component, with high destruction efficiencies. The relatively low viscosity of supercritical water promotes mass transfer and mixing, while the low dielectric constant promotes dissolution of nonpolar organic materials. In...