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high-purity water

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract Materials of construction for equipment and piping in pharmaceutical processing plants must be resistant to corrosion from the high-purity water, the buffer solutions used in preparation of the products, and the cleaning solutions used to maintain the purity of the product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; and atmosphere that contains halide, sulfate, or nitrate ions. The article provides information on the behavior of beryllium under the combined effects of high-purity water environment, stress and chemical environment, and high-temperature environment. The compositions of the structural grades for intentionally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry. It is the presence of a surface layer of oxide on stainless equipment or piping typically handling high-purity water at temperatures above ambient. This includes stills, steam systems, purified water, and water for injection. The oxides can vary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... and propagation of these alloys. Fig. 1097, 1098 Corrosion-fatigue crack initiation and propagation in a solution-treated and peak-aged Al-4.2Mg-2.1Li P/M alloy tested in deaerated high-purity water. Fig. 1097 : View of external surface (top) and fracture surface (bottom). SEM, 500×. Fig. 1098 : Higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fabrication. Fortunately, problems can be minimized by following good design, procurement, fabrication, handling, and cleanup practices. Austenitic stainless steels are widely used in oxidizing environments, high-purity water service, and in fine chemical and pharmaceutical production equipment and piping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in solutions having high electrical resistivity, such as high-purity water, but some semiconductors, such as graphite and magnetite, are cathodic to aluminum, and when in contact with them, aluminum corrodes sacrificially. Alclad Products In alclad products, the difference in solution potential between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of potassium hydroxide. Courtesy of Thermo Fisher Scientific Fig. 8 Gradient separation of anions commonly found in high-purity water with the IonPac AS11 column and the AG11 column. Column dimensions: 2 mm (0.08 in.) ID by 50 mm and 2 mm ID by 250 mm; eluent: 0.5 mM hydroxide for the first 2.5 min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., such as high-purity water, but some semiconductors, such a