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high-purity water

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Materials of construction for equipment and piping in pharmaceutical processing plants must be resistant to corrosion from the high-purity water, the buffer solutions used in preparation of the products, and the cleaning solutions used to maintain the purity of the product. The primary...
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 8 Gradient separation of anions commonly found in high-purity water with the IonPac AS11 column and the AG11 column. Column dimensions: 2 mm (0.08 in.) ID by 50 mm and 2 mm ID by 250 mm; eluent: 0.5 mM hydroxide for the first 2.5 min, 0.5 to 5 mM hydroxide from 2.5 min to 6 min, and 5 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... that contains halide, sulfate, or nitrate ions. The article provides information on the behavior of beryllium under the combined effects of high-purity water environment, stress and chemical environment, and high-temperature environment. The compositions of the structural grades for intentionally controlled...
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Published: 01 January 1996
environments can vary substantially in the environment. Source: Ref 8 , 9 . (b) Effect of stress ratio on corrosion fatigue crack propagation in A533B and A508 carbon steels exposed to pressurized high-purity water. Temperature 288 °C (550 °F), frequency 0.017 Hz. Average behavior in air is represented More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 2 Effect of compacting pressure and die temperature on (a) green density and (b) green strength of a high purity water atomized iron powder (0.004 wt% C, 0.09 wt% O, 0.05 wt% Mn). Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 15 Effect of stress ratio ( R ) on corrosion-fatigue crack propagation in ASTM A533 B and A508 carbon steels exposed to pressurized high-purity water at 288 °C (550 °F). Frequency: 0.017 Hz. Average behavior in air is represented by the dashed line labeled “Dry.” Source: Ref 59 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 31 Power plant gate-valve stem of 17-4 PH stainless that failed by SCC in high-purity water. (a) A fracture surface of the valve stem showing stained area and cup-and-cone shearing at perimeter. 0.7×. (b) Micrograph showing secondary intergranular cracks branching from fracture surface More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 17 The effect of dissolved oxygen on the corrosion potential of type 304 stainless steel in 274 °C high-purity water. Important effects on corrosion potential and crack growth rate ( Fig. 18 ) occur at ppb levels of dissolved oxygen, a small fraction of the oxygen-saturated value of ≈42 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 40 Stress-corrosion cracking in a 17-4 PH stainless steel gate-valve stem that failed in high-purity water. (a) Photograph of the valve stem fracture surface showing stained area and cup-and-cone shearing at perimeter. (b) Micrograph showing secondary intergranular cracks branching from More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 17 Concentration ranges of dissolved oxygen and chloride that may lead to SCC of type 304 in high-purity water at temperatures ranging from 260 to 300 °C (500 to 570 °F). The applied stresses are greater than the yield strength and test times are greater than 1000 h, or strain rates More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., and D.J. Duquette, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) Fig. 1097, 1098 Corrosion-fatigue crack initiation and propagation in a solution-treated and peak-aged Al-4.2Mg-2.1Li P/M alloy tested in deaerated high-purity water. Fig. 1097 : View of external surface (top) and fracture surface (bottom). SEM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry. It is the presence of a surface layer of oxide on stainless equipment or piping typically handling high-purity water at temperatures above ambient. This includes stills, steam systems, purified water, and water for injection. The oxides can vary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... fabrication. Fortunately, problems can be minimized by following good design, procurement, fabrication, handling, and cleanup practices. Austenitic stainless steels are widely used in oxidizing environments, high-purity water service, and in fine chemical and pharmaceutical production equipment and piping...
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Published: 01 January 1996
to both commercial and high-purity bars by solution annealing at 460 °C (860 °F) for 1 h, water quenching, aging at 100 °C (212 °F) for 1 h, swaging at room temperature, and aging at 120 °C (250 °F) for 16 h. The commercial alloy, C7075-TMT, was reduced 30% in cross section, whereas the high-purity alloy More
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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% Sn and maximum residual impurities of 0.04% Sb, 0.05% As, 0.030% Bi, 0.001% Cd, 0.04% Cu, 0.010% Fe, 0.05% Pb, 0.01% S, 0.005% Zn, and 0.01% (Ni + Co). There are only a few applications where pure tin is used. Unalloyed tin is the most practical lining material for handling high-purity water...