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high-chromium white iron

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... containing 2.9%C, 0.6%Si, 0.7%Mn, 19.4%Cr, 2.1%Mo, 1.0%Cu. (c) Class III white iron containing 27.8%Cr with 2.6%C, 0.8%Si, 0.6%Mn Fig. 10 High-chromium iron microstructures. (a) As-cast austenitic-martensitic matrix microstructure. (b) Heat treated martensitic microstructure. Original magnification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... containing 3.6% C, 0.4% Si, 0.9% Mn, 15% Cr, 2.6% Mo. (b) Class IIe white iron containing 2.9% C, 0.6% Si, 0.7% Mn, 19.4% Cr, 2.1% Mo, 1.0% Cu. (c) Class III (28% Cr) white iron containing 2.6% C, 0.8% Si, 0.6% Mn, 27.8% Cr Fig. 9 High-chromium iron with an as-cast austenitic matrix microstructure...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-chromium white cast iron after refrigeration. Original magnification: 340× Fig. 4 Microstructures of high-chromium white iron compositions. (a) Low carbon (hypoeutectic). (b) Eutectic. (c) High-carbon (hypereutectic). Original magnification: all 75×. Courtesy of Climax Molybdenum Company...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Iron Founders Fig. 8 Microstructure of 4% Si-Mo ductile iron consisting of nodular graphite in a ferritic matrix with some intercellular carbides. Original magnification: 40× Fig. 27 Scanning electron micrographs showing test surface condition of 25% Cr high-chromium white iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... nickel and nickel alloys. Nickel alloys can be divided into four groups: high-nickel alloys, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-chromium alloys, and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Alloys within each composition group that has similar surface conditions are pickled in the same solutions using the same procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Ref 2 Fig. 3 Freezing range examples of high-alloy irons. Adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 4 Relationship of chromium and carbon contents to the locations of hypoeutectic, eutectic, and hypereutectic regions in high-chromium white irons. 1: hypereutectic structure (primary carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...% Growth Scaling High-Temperature Strength High-Silicon Irons High-Chromium Irons High-Nickel Irons High-Aluminum Irons Alloy Ductile Irons Alloy Cast Irons for Automotive Service White cast irons, so named because of their characteristically white fracture surfaces, do...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... , p 789 – 828 Hardfacing materials include a wide variety of alloys, carbides, and combinations of these materials. Conventional hardfacing materials are normally classified as steels or low-alloy ferrous materials, high-chromium white irons or high-alloy ferrous materials, carbides, nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-carbon white iron (d) 2.2–2.8 0.2–0.6 0.15 0.15 1.0–1.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 (e) CP High-carbon, low-silicon white iron 2.8–3.6 0.3–2.0 0.30 0.15 0.3–1.0 2.5 3.0 1.0 (e) CP Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 2.5–3.7 1.3 0.30 0.15 0.8 2.7–5.0 1.1–4.0 1.0 … M, A Martensitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... adjacent temper carbon sites. Also note small microcracks through sulfide inclusions. SEM, 1,150×. (R.C. Voigt and B. Pourlaidian, University of Kansas) Fig. 106, 107, 108 Cracking in 75-mm (3-in.) diam balls made of a high-chromium white iron when subjected to severe, repeated impacts in a laboratory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... -axis is the phosphorus content. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 96 White high-chromium cast iron (see Fig. 43 ). PC, primary carbides; EC, eutectic carbides in martensitic matrix with fine, globular secondary carbides. The casting was heat treated at 1000 °C (1830 °F), held 1 h, furnace cooled to 550...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... ) for up to 2 min in cold solution. Adapted from Ref 3 Fig. 12 White high-chromium iron (Fe-3.2%C-4.65%Cr-2.9%Mn-0.51%Si-0.050%P-0.024%S). Eutectic and secondary carbides in the matrix. Specimen was prepared correctly. The casting was austenitized at 1000 °C (1830 °F), held 1 h, furnace cooled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... 1.5–1.7 30 17 High-aluminum iron 5.5–6.4 0.20–0.23 15.3 8.5 2.4 … … Heat-resistant white iron High-chromium iron (ferritic) 7.3–7.5 0.264–0.271 9.3–9.9 5.2–5.5 … 20 12 Heat-resistant ductile irons Medium-silicon ductile iron 7.1 0.257 10.8–13.5 6.0–7.5 0.58–0.87...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... 1.5–1.7 30 17 High-aluminum iron 5.5–6.4 0.20–0.23 15.3 8.5 2.4 … … Heat-resistant white iron High-chromium iron (ferritic) 7.3–7.5 0.264–0.271 9.3–9.9 5.2–5.5 … 20 12 Heat-resistant ductile irons Medium-silicon ductile iron 7.1 0.257 10.8–13.5 6.0–7.5 0.58–0.87...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... iron grades is approximately 1200 °C (2190 °F), and solidification generally begins at 1200 to 1280 °C (2190 to 2340 °F), depending on composition. For high-chromium iron grades, the eutectic temperature ranges from 1230 to 1270 °C (2245 to 2315 °F), and solidification generally begins at temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... iron … 7.27 (b) 0.262 (b) Ductile iron … 7.15 0.258 High-nickel iron (Ni-Resist) … 7.5 0.271 High-chromium white iron … 7.4 0.267 0.06% C steel … 7.871 0.2844 0.23% C steel … 7.859 0.2839 0.435% C steel … 7.844 0.2834 1.22% C steel … 7.830 0.2829 Low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.9781627081795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... steels; area C, variety of heat-treated steels; area D, high-chromium white cast irons. Source: Ref 8 Carbon Content The wear resistance of ferritic steel is improved by hardening, either throughout the section or superficially. The maximum hardness depends on the carbon content of the steel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and malleable irons. Foundry practices are also described for compacted graphite, high-silicon ductile, and high-alloy white irons. alloying compacted graphite iron desulfurization high-alloy white iron high-nickel ductile iron high-silicon ductile iron high-silicon gray iron malleable iron sand...