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high-carbon plain carbon steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article describes the microstructure and metallographic practices used for medium- to high-carbon steels as well as for low-alloy steels. It explains the microstructural constituents of plain carbon and low-alloy steels, including ferrite, pearlite, and cementite. The article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that are characterized by higher yield strengths than those of plain carbon structural steels. The article tabulates the typical chemical compositions, tensile properties, heat treatment, product sizes, plate thickness and intended uses of high-strength steels. Further, it presents a short note on heat treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005949
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
...-carbon steels except that the carbon ranges from 0.30 to 0.60 wt% C with manganese from 0.60 to 1.65 wt%. High-carbon steels containing from 0.60 to 1.00 wt% C with manganese contents ranging from 0.30 to 0.90 wt% Ultrahigh-carbon steels containing approximately 1.25 to 2.0 wt% C Plain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., and is precipitated as Fe 4 N. It is responsible for the fatigue improvement resulting from liquid nitriding. The improvement is more apparent in plain carbon steels, resulting in the substitution of these steels for high-carbon and low-alloy steels in many applications ( Table 3 ). Fig. 8 Nitrogen diffusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... Low-alloy steel sheet and strip are used primarily for applications that require the mechanical properties normally obtained by heat treatment. The descriptors of quality used for hot-rolled plain carbon steel sheet and strip and cold-rolled plain carbon steel sheet include structural quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., chromium, and nickel slows the rate of corrosion. Steels with high levels of chromium and nickel are classified as stainless steels. Microalloyed Forging Steels Microalloyed steels, like all steels, are iron-base alloys. Normally, they are plain carbon steel or low-alloy steel with small additions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in Ferrous Materials Fe<sub>2</sub>B Single-Phase Boride Layers Ferrous materials including plain-carbon and low-alloy steels, tool steels, stainless steels, and grey and ductile cast irons are borided to increase their wear resistance. Two stable compounds of iron and boron that can form are Fe 2 B...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... to the effect of G10400 on tool wear). Algorithms for carbon equivalence are very useful for predicting the effect of alloy steel on tool wear when replacing plain carbon steel workpieces ( Ref 12 ). Highly alloyed steels, like high-carbon steels, should be machined to finished dimensions before hardening...
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 15 Sample of plain carbon steel after low-cyanide salt bath nitrocarburizing treatment (Process 3). The high level of apparent porosity is a characteristic of high sulfur content in the compound zone; dark areas are actually iron-sulfide nodules, not voids. More
Image
Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 3 (a) Coarse nitride needles in gas-nitrided plain carbon steel. (b) Coarse nitride needles at high magnification. Transmission electron micrograph More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 21 Hysteresis loops of the flux-controlled magnetic circuit for plain low-carbon steel (AISI 1018) and a high-strength, low-alloy structural steel (HY-80) plate. Measurements were taken at pole flux density of 100 mT at 30 Hz excitation frequency. Source: Ref 3 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of the various attributes of carbon and alloy steels on machining characteristics. It lists the relative machinability ratings for some plain carbon steels, standard resulfurized steels, and several alloy steels. The addition of lead to carbon steels is one of the means of increasing the machinability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the production methods and characteristics of plain carbon and low-alloy water-atomized iron and steel powders, high-porosity iron powder, carbonyl iron powder, and electrolytic iron powder. It emphasizes on atomized powders, because they are the most...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... differentiation between sheet and strip made of plain carbon steel depends on the rolling process. It should be noted that both sheet and strip can be purchased as either cut lengths or coils. The standard dimensional tolerances for plain carbon steel strip are more restrictive than those for sheet. Standard size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... References 1. Alloy, Carbon and High Strength Low Alloy Steels: Semifinished for Forging; Hot Rolled Bars, Cold Finished Bars; Hot Rolled Deformed and Plain Concrete Reinforcing Bars , AISI Steel Products Manual, American Iron and Steel Institute , 1986 2. Materials , Vol 1 , 1989 SAE Handbook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...% Comments C Mn Ni Cr Mo 1020 Very low 0.2 0.45 … … … Plain carbon steel. Low core hardenability 4023 Low 0.23 0.80 … … 0.25 Low-hardenability grade commonly used in automotive applications 4320 Moderate/ high 0.2 0.55 1.82 0.50 0.25 Higher hardenability for improved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract The ferrous metals are the most significant class of commercial alloys. This article describes the solidification structures of plain carbon steel, low-alloy steel, high-alloy steel, and cast iron, with illustrations. The formation of nonmetallic inclusions in the liquid before...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005997
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract Steel, heated in contact with air at temperatures in the tempering range, takes on various temper colors due to the formation of a thin oxide film. This article provides detailed information on temper colors for plain carbon steel, especially on the effects of time and temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... of plain carbon, low-alloy and high-alloy steels and temperature-time relations of subcritical annealing. Practical implications for induction annealing and induction normalizing are included. The article concludes by describing induction softening, which softens the threaded area on carburized components...