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heterogeneous integration

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006965
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... the current AM ecosystem. Representative AM data sources are also described. A reference framework that captures the heterogenous AM data sources and existing data-integration mechanisms are used. General data-integration practices—based on existing manufacturing data and lab information system integration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... length or a persistence distance ( Ref 15 ). Substituting this function into Eq 7 and performing the required integration yields: (Eq 9) I ( h ) = C ( Δ ρ ) 2 8 π a 3 [ 1 + ( k s a ) 2 ] 2 Equation 9 can be used to evaluate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... that its integral over the fundamental region is unity. Kinematic Framework for Deforming Crystals and Polycrystals The two modes of straining, elastic and plastic, jointly must produce a single compatible deformation. As depicted in Fig. 3 , this is accomplished by a multiplicative decomposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... qualification framework based on federated FAIR additive manufacturing data. Five key components are identified to enable the fast AM qualification process, including a collaborative and federated AM data hub, advanced data analytics to leverage on heterogeneous data sets, integrated computational materials...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-trained individuals aware of the importance of minimizing bias and contamination. Also important are careful labeling and recording of samples. A chain of custody to ensure the integrity of the samples from source to measurement is essential. Details such as temperature position of the collecting probe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... as they relate to fracture toughness and design process. The article explores the use of plane strain fracture toughness, crack-tip opening displacement, and the J-integral as the criteria for the design and safe operation of structures and mechanical components. It discusses the variables affecting fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... at strong grain boundaries due to heterogeneous plastic deformation, governed by the degree of misorientation at the grain boundary, usually associated with a mixed mode of intercrystalline-transcrystalline fracture. These nucleation processes become increasingly dominant at very long lives in materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... from two main aspects: high dimensionality and data heterogeneity. For example, the online collected multichannel sensor signals ( Ref 24 ), real-time images ( Ref 16 ), and layerwise point clouds ( Ref 66 ), which are commonly used in online polymer AM monitoring, are all high dimensional. In addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... speed and power, among others. In beam-based systems, metal vaporization is difficult to avoid, and the vapor plume generated by this phenomenon can lead to defects such as spatter and keyhole-induced porosity. Changes in solidification behavior often lead to heterogeneous microstructures, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006947
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... and devices into parts as they are being fabricated ( Ref 4 ). As an example, sensors can be embedded in parts where high stresses are expected during usage, or actuators such as electric motors can be embedded into a mechanism during fabrication. In both cases, a high level of integration and efficiency can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... The article concludes with an illustration of a finite-element method (FEM) model containing heterogeneous mechanical properties using local material definitions. cast iron chemical composition coarseness elastic modulus finite-element method hardness mechanical properties tensile stress-strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). The pioneering application in martensites stems from an early scientific appreciation of complexity in martensitic systems. Current design research aimed at acceleration of the full materials development cycle emphasizes: Integration of microstructural evolution in process models supporting a design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... on atoms or groups of atoms, including SHAKE; rRESPA long-timescale integrator; and energy minimizer (Hessian-free truncated Newton method). Sandia National Laboratory http://lammps.sandia.gov ParaDyn ParaDyn is a parallel F77 code that implements all the features of the popular serial EAM code...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., interference-type joints, adhesives, and, for the highest-integrity joints, the many techniques classified under welding. Brazing, although fundamentally indifferent from welding, is one such technique. Early metalworkers, stimulated by a desire to produce structures that were difficult or impossible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
.... When low-viscosity material solutions are used, maintaining the integrity of bioprinted structures becomes more complex. A method for depositing material solutions into related cross-linking solutions has been developed, and it is capable of resolving postprocessing cross-linking problems ( Ref 45 – 49...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... Gibbs' Phase Rule As previously described in the article “Introduction to Phase Diagrams ,” the Gibbs phase rule applies to all states of matter (solid, liquid, and gaseous) under equilibrium conditions. When matter is in thermal equilibrium, the coexistence of heterogeneous phases can occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... high temperature Stagnant regions Surface and microstructural heterogeneities (e.g., manganese sulfide inclusions) Microbial activity While the early stages of localized corrosion processes are still not completely understood ( Ref 7 , 8 , 9 ), the stable growth of localized corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... was specifically developed for the buildup of integral foam components from aluminum foam granules ( Ref 4 ). The granules are coated with an adhesive and filled into a mold. Using a mild heat treatment in the temperature range between 100 and 200 °C (210 and 390 °F), the adhesive is activated and cured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and crack arrest in ship steel plates. This means that both the metal microstructure at the notch tip and through the specimen thickness contribute to the reported toughness. For welded joints with heterogeneous microstructures, the position of the notch tip will be important in determining the measured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... engineering. Human tissues are a complex mixture of living and nonliving components whose function depends on their precise organization. Bioprinting can be used to assemble combinations of biomaterials and cells with controlled composition, geometry, and structural integrity. Living cells and the materials...