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heavy-duty engine oil

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cleaning may be used alone or in conjunction with other acid, alkaline, or solvent cleaning systems. Vapor degreasing and alkaline cleaning may be required for removal of heavy oils and grease from workpieces before they are immersed in an acid bath. One of the main functions of an acid cleaner is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... mil) of acrylic lacquer. The test was conducted at the ASTM Brazos River site near Freeport, TX using scribed panels per ASTM D 1654. Source: Ref 1 The following environments are listed in the order of increasing corrosiveness: oil immersion, indoor, rural, industrial, and marine. Magnesium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... types of cast irons used in gasoline engine piston rings. Pearlitic gray iron produced by either centrifugal or sand casting methods has the widest use. In heavy-duty engine applications, alloy cast iron, ductile iron, and malleable iron are used. Harder materials, such as carbon steel or even bearing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and other heavy-duty vehicles for chassis components, buckets, grader blades, and structural members outside the body. Structural forms (alloys from the family of HSLA steels with minimum yield strength of 310 to 345 MPa, or 45 to 50 ksi) are specified in applications such as offshore oil and gas rigs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., as follows: Plain or sulfurized mineral and fatty oils (or combinations of the two), chlorinated mineral oils, and sulfurized chlorinated mineral oils Conventional or heavy-duty soluble oils with sulfur or other compounds added and soluble grinding oils with wetting agents Chemical cutting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... mounted on a rotating hub. All of these methods produce about the same type of finish; the use of any particular one depends on the surface contour of the workpiece. Surfaces of workpieces to be satin-finished should be free of grease and oil, and low contact pressures should be used. Wire brushes must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the two), chlorinated mineral oils, and sulfurized chlorinated mineral oils. Conventional or heavy-duty soluble oils with sulfur or other compounds added and soluble grinding oils with wetting agents. Chemical cutting fluids, which are water-soluble and generally act as cleaners. They...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (or combination of the two), chlorinated mineral oils, and sulfurized chlorinated mineral oils Conventional or heavy-duty soluble oils with sulfur or other compounds added and soluble grinding oils with wetting agents Chemical cutting fluids, which are water-soluble and generally act as cleaners...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pistons; air-cooled cylinder heads; aircraft generator housings B295.0 Gear housings; aircraft fittings; compressor connecting rods; railway car seat frames 308.0 General-purpose permanent mold castings; ornamental grilles and reflectors 319.0 Engine crankcases; gasoline and oil tanks; oil...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... compared to hot isostatically pressed silicon nitrides at equivalent contact stress. Source: Ref 20 Most ceramic bearings are of the hybrid design, because it can be difficult to attach ceramic races to metallic shafts. These bearings usually operate under oil or grease lubrication and a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... microscopic level. Determine the wear rate by calculating the material loss over some unit of time or distance. Determine the coefficient of friction (if possible). Identify the type of lubricant used and its effectiveness in slowing down material loss, for example, was the grease, oil, modified...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... families Major thermosets Phenolic Unsaturated polyester Amino Epoxy General characteristics Chemical Excellent resistance to humidity, acids, and oils; not resistant to strong oxidizers Low moisture uptake Excellent resistance to fats, oils, and waxes; poor resistance to strong...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), silicone fluid, hydrocarbon-based oils, or proprietary additives to lower coefficient of friction against other substrates and increase wear resistance Toughened/impact modified grades: Elastomer modified to improve practical impact and notch sensitivity through change of failure mode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... battery racks; coat interior of projectiles MIL-C-4339 Corrosion-preventive soluble oil, for water-injection systems Mineral oil with emulsifying agents and inhibitors Protection against corrosion by water and alcohol MIL-C-5545 Compound, corrosion preventive, aircraft engine heavy oil type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (miscible) HD oil, HD water (miscible) MD, medium duty; HD, heavy duty; LD, light duty; GP, general purpose; SP, special. Source: Ref 1 The fluid recommendation and correct dilution should be supplied by the manufacturer. The proper dilution is important because a lean solution increases rust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... such heavy soils as carbonized grease and oil deposits, and buffing and lapping compound residues. Where parts are very heavily soiled, solvent detergents are frequently used as precleaners before the work is put through the regular alkaline solution. The advantage of solvent precleaning is that heavy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., stainless steel Castings, Stampings, machined parts, drawn wire, diesel fuel injectors Chips, lubricants, light oxides High caustic with chelating agents Oil-quenched, used automotive parts; fine-mesh and sinterd filters Carbonized oil and grease, carbon smut, heavy grime deposits High caustic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... relationship with Brinell hardness. In the low-hardness ranges, below about 207 HB, the properties of air-quenched and tempered pearlitic malleable are essentially the same as properties of oil-quenched and tempered martensitic malleable. This is because attaining the low hardnesses requires considerable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... “Supplemental Oil Coatings” in this article). In heavy-duty applications, pigmented finishes can be used, but they produce thicker coatings that can cause problems with dimensional buildup on threaded components. Figure 14 shows the corrosion resistance of black stain, corrosion-preventing oil, and black...