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heater shell

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Failed brine-heater shell of ASTM A285, grade C, carbon steel. The shell fractured at welded joints because of overstress during normal operation. Dimensions given in inches More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 11 Failed brine-heater shell of ASTM A285, grade C carbon steel. The shell fractured at welded joints because of overstress during normal operation. Dimensions in inches More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to meet because the material may be exposed to corrosive attack by various mediums. Therefore, damage to heat exchangers is often difficult to avoid. Characteristics of Tubing The primary function of tubes in a heat exchanger is to transfer heat from the shell side of the unit to the fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in this article. Malfunction of a heat exchanger is often related to prolonged adverse effects during heat-exchanger operation. Failures in heat exchangers are commonly associated with the methods of manufacturing heat-exchanger components, such as pipe and tubing in shell-and-tube heat exchangers. Moreover...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-to-tubesheet joint heater shell IN STEAM TURBINE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION PLANTS, turbine exhaust steam is condensed, and the condensate is reheated for return as feedwater to the boiler. Water from the condenser to the feedwater pump is called condensate, and from the pump to the boiler...
Image
Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 39 Reactor used to perform gas nitriding. 1, muffle furnace; 2, outer shell; 3, heater; 4, internal container (retort); 5, gas inlet pipe; 6, exhaust pipe; 7, motor; 8, fan; 9, metal-made jig; 10, gas guide cylinder; 11, inverted funnel; 12, vacuum pump; 13, effluent gas combustion More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and discusses the Monkman-Grant relationship and multiaxiality. The article further provides information on high-temperature metallurgical changes and high-temperature hydrogen attack and the steps involved in the remaining-life prediction of high-temperature components. It presents case studies on heater tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes is applicable to both investment castings (lost wax) and sand castings. Investment castings are processed in molten salt baths to remove residual external shell and to leach out preformed ceramic internal coring. Sand castings are processed to remove binder residues and burned-in core sand. Salt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of honeycomb matrix (Ljungström or Rothemühle) or shell and tube construction. In both Ljungström and Rothemühle air heaters, energy from the exhaust flue gas is absorbed by metal plates. When the plates then come in contact with the cold intake air, the heat energy is released. For both heat-exchanger types...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... vessel material. These data indicate the prevalent causes and types of failures and are summarized in Table 1 for a 4-year period beginning in 1981. Faulty design, fabrication, and inspection contribute to significant numbers of failures, particularly for shell components. Damage during shipment...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of the heater element conflicts with the location of stripper pins. Fig. 6 Use of three types of electric elements for heating patterns for shell molds Gas-fired manifold heating systems are similar on most shell-molding machines. Fork-type or rectangular manifold burners ( Fig. 7 ) are used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... for a four-year period beginning in 1981. Faulty design, fabrication, and inspection contribute to significant numbers of failures, particularly for shell components. Damage during shipment and storage must be considered because air and its contaminants may be corrosive. Field fabrication and erection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... convection is the preferred method of heating furnaces for firing porcelain enamel on aluminum. The heat can be provided by electric-package heaters, quartz-tube electric heaters, or metal-sheath heaters, all specially designed for operation at high ambient air temperature. Quartz-tube and metal-sheath...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conditioning and refrigeration, gas, heater and oil burner lines; plumbing pipe and steam tubes; brewery and distillery tubes; gasoline, hydraulic and oil lines; rotating heads C19200 Copper B 111, B 359, B 395, B 469 Automotive hydraulic brake lines; flexible hose C23000 Red brass, 85% B 111, B 135...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... with evaporative systems, but they lack the Btu cooling capacities of evaporative towers. Pressurized closed-loop cooling towers require the use of glycol to prevent freeze damage in the pressurized bundle, and they have a collection pan or sump heater to prevent freezing in the pan area. Heat tape commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., such as the forming of deeply recessed taillight reflectors for automobiles, and the deep drawing of toaster shells ( example 3 ). The application of rubber pads in press-brake dies is discussed in the article “Press-Brake Forming” in this Volume. In the past, flexible-die forming methods were designated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a process flow diagram and a piping and instrumentation diagram. Equipment drawings showing details should be gathered when affected equipment is relatively large, for example, vertical columns or towers, fired heaters, boilers, cooling waters, and so on. Some of this effort is the same as what is involved...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...(s) Application(s) Wrought alloys 2011 5.0–6.0 Cu Screw machine parts 2017 3.5–4.5 Cu Mechanical fasteners 2117 2.2–3.0 Cu Mechanical fasteners 3003 1.0–1.5 Mn Braze-clad welded radiator tubes; heater cores; radiator, heater, and evaporator fins; heater inlet and outlet...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., by a heat transfer liquid that is either in a jacket around the mold or is sprayed over the mold, or by electrical-resistance heaters. The object is to transfer heat uniformly through the mold either to melt a thermoplastic powder as it contacts the mold surface, thus building up a layer of molten plastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... by analytical heat transport and calculation of transformation kinetics ( Ref 72 , Ref 73 , Ref 74 , Ref 75 , Ref 76 , Ref 77 , Ref 78 ). The computer model can calculate the cooling curve with an analytical method together with the kinetics calculation of carbon diffusion through the gamma-phase shell...